Summary Book Review on Chinese Youth Culture
Youth culture in China has gone through a series of changes on both the local and international standards. These changes have been defined by three historical points; 1968, 1988 and 2008. 1968 was a time of culture revolution that played a great role in defining the lives of the Chinese youth. 1988 on the other hand, was a period when the youth in China got introduced to a series of new cultures including sports, rock music and a list of other recreational activities. The last historical point; 2008 saw the introduction of the internet that gave the Chinese youth an ideal platform for the expression of their frustrations and freedom. (Clark, 2012)
It should be noted that the cultural changes that occurred, took place gradually over a long duration of time. The changes that the nation went through are similar to those that took place in western countries. However, the focus of this review is mainly on those that occurred during the first phase that started in 1968 as highlighted above.
The realization of the youth in China was effected by dreams, ambitions and disappointments. During the period that these changes took place, there was great advocacy for the adoption of democratic principles and science. In Beijing, there was campaign for free marriages and socio-cultural modernization. However, the concept was rejected by the majority that wanted people to be accorded the right to choose who to marry.
1968 was a period over which China experienced the height youth rebellion as a result of Cultural Revolution. During this period, the several lives were destroyed and there was also increased abuse of power. This caused the migration of millions of Chinese youth into the rural areas. This enabled quite a number to realize some artistic power through activities like writing, performance and art.
During the youth rebellion, Mao Zedong who assumed the position of the youth national leader called upon the youth to rise against the elders. College and high school youths organized rebellions against the authorities throughout China. The situation got out of hand between 1968 and 1969 prompting the army to be brought in so as to intervene. As the youths carried out the attacks, their main focus was on the old ways of thinking, habits and culture.
In order to forge their own identity, the red guards changed their dress codes; they wanted to look more like the troops of the Communist Party. Besides, they also devoted themselves to supporting the Mao Revolution and youths in rising up against their elders. 2008 was a period that saw the Chinese nation open its doors to globalization that resulted into unprecedented consequences to the rest of the globe. The introduction of the internet in China offered the people a variety of choices and enhanced global influence on the nation.
In order to get to its current standards of globalization, China has gone through a series of cultural changes. The capitalist period that existed before the revolution denied the youth a chance for expressing themselves. However, the Mao offered youths a platform to express their opposition to the capitalist society enabling them to get an identity and customs that laid the foundation for the times to come.