Week 2 Discussion: The Structure and Behavior of Public Organizations The classical organization theory incorporated scientific management, bureaucratic and administrative theory. The classical way of thinking evolved during the first half of the 19th century. The theory focuses on the formal structure of an organization envisaging systematic processes meant to make bureaucracy more efficient and
Challenges in Public Debt Management Public spending is a necessary expense that the government has to undertake in a bid to provide goods and services to ensure market efficiency. According to Anderson, Silva, and Velandia-Rubiano (2010), public debt comes in because of relying on debt financing rather than through taxation. Debts on the other hand
The Rogue Valley Transit District (RVTD) Campaign Strategies and Tactics Due to the prevailing challenges experienced by RVTD, such as a lack of enough funds to support its public transit services, the company is unable to ensure the efficiency and reliability of its services, and its existence is threatened in the end. As such, the

Why is Planning Political?

Why is Planning Political? Planning often has an impact on the communities due to its implementation, which involves political aspects such as mobilization of resources, feasibility, and resolution of conflict. Politicians play a big role in determining the fate of the proposed plans as they may endorse or disapprove of them depending on their political
Social Media Application in Government: Earthquake Detection through Twitter Social networks are platforms that enable people to engage with each other online. The use of social networks has become very popular in today’s day and age. Governments around the world have realized that to engage constructively with their citizens, they also need to participate in
Social Media Presentation Introduction A brief history of Twitter Twitter was founded about seven years ago (Benn & Holmes, 2009). Since then, it has grown to become a giant microblogging site. Twitter is said to be a brainchild of a group of programmers. These programmers were Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, and Biz Stone. These three
The Effects of War on an Economy Wars always inflict extensive expenses on the domestic economy. Particularly, civil wars are destructive of economic infrastructure and human lives. This types of wars threaten the state’s institutions, undermine its legitimacy, rule of law, and the rights of property security (Koistinen, 2012).  Again, an internal war brings great
NIOSH Report on Preventing Deaths and Injuries to Fire Fighters during Live-Fire Life-fire training practice is an important factor in the structure of a fire fighting program. The conclusion reached in this report has offered important recommendations for the prevention of a similar incidence happening in the future. The report recommended that the adjunct Instructor
Statistics Qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis are two terms used in analyzing statistical data. Qualitative analysis refers to the process by which data is analyzed in the detailed description and observable features rather than the use of numbers. Qualitative analysis interprets data by means of natural language description. For example, when referring to the height
Guns and Crimes in the United States Introduction to the Research Question One of the most serious problems that major metropolitan cities in the United States are facing relates to gun violence. Unfortunately, numerous studies have proven that the problem has been getting worse over the years. For example, according to the study conducted by
The municipality of coastal Carolina has the role of building or setting structures, or that will be used to monitor and track hurricanes. These buildings should be installed with the necessary equipment used for tracking, and monitoring hurricanes. At this point, hurricanes may be detected and predicted to happen at a particular time. If such
Guam’s Political Status Over the years, the Island of Guam has been deprived of the status of full self-governance, arguably becoming one of the oldest colonial dependencies in the world. For over three hundred years now, the people of Guam have been subjected to colonial rules from different masters, ranging from Spanish to Japanese forces
Gun Violence in High Schools in the US The rate of firearm-related crime in the US has been decreasing; however, the incidences of gun violence in schools have remained high. In a school environment, a member of the school community, namely, a student, teacher, and other support staff or an intruder, may perpetrate gun violence.
Human and Labor Rights are not Just an Industrial Relation Issue, but it’s also a PR Issue for Organizations Introduction The rights of workers, otherwise known as labor rights represent a group of legal rights and acclaimed human rights that revolve around labor relations between employees and their employers. Generally, they fall under the labor
Policy Model The Use of Models and How to Select a Proper Policy Model A model is a human construct (it could be a conceptual or physical object) that is used to assist humankind for a better comprehension of the real universe systems. In simpler terms, it refers to anything used to represent a real
Climate Change Introduction: Identifying the Problem The market is said to have failed when the competitive outcome of the market is not efficient and beneficial to society as a whole. When the negative impacts of economic activity did not fall on those conducting it, but to the blameless and the future generation, the market has
S Public Transportation System in Urban Areas Introduction Public transportation is a mode of transit through which passengers share a common transportation service to move from one destination to another. Public transportation, therefore, does not rely on private arrangements. Instead, members of the public report in designated areas through which they can access various transit
Organizational Behavior Introduction The taxonomies, typologies, and configurations are relevant in promoting organization research in organizations. The typologies offer critical propositions in providing appropriate streams of research on the organizational variables. Several authors have documented propositions of typologies in promoting organizational research. The authors perform qualitative studies to determine the implications of organizational research among
Organisational Structure Introduction Organizational culture may refer to certain norms that are adopted in a workplace. Dartey-Baah (2013) has described organizational culture as the values, attitudes, and beliefs that define an individual’s behavior in terms of relating with others in and out of the workplace. Organizational culture can impede or facilitate organizational strategy. In a
Competencies Statement I am currently working at the International Red Cross and Red Crescent in Sri Lanka as a program manager/ education coordinator. This is a position I have reached after having worked here for a while and progressively risen in ranks. My role as the program manager includes supervising program assistants, volunteers, and direct-care
To: City Manager From: Intern-Analyst, City of Middleburg Date: April 16, 2014 SUBJECT:  Housing Development for the City of Middleburg Middleburg is a city in Virginia State in the United States. It was founded by a Virginia diplomat, John Powell in 1787.He bought the land for Middleburg at a price of 2.50 pounds per acre
U.S Public Transportation System in Urban Areas Introduction Public transportation is a mode of transit through which passengers share a common transportation service to move from one destination to another. Public transportation therefore does not rely on private arrangement. Instead, members of public report in designated areas through which they can access various transit services.
Public Administration Introduction Public administration is all about understanding the structures and other roles of the public sector, semipublic agencies, and the private organizations that are tasked with the function of performing the public tasks (Van der Meer & Ringeling, 2010). This being the case, public administration helps in the designing, developing, evaluating, and implementing
The Same Sex Marriage Benefits in Public and Private Sectors Same sex protection under the law of LGBT proves contradictory to the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act that rejected the same-sex marriage and benefits alienated to them as passed by the Congress (Wintemute & Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships, 2002, p. 102). Initially, the issue
Nurturing Entrepreneurial Growth in Guam Economic Historical Background The 21st century has dawned with renewed efforts for economic development. Focus of the ruling powers has been on ways of enhancing economic development, and this has been effected through policies. Although governments are key drivers of the economy, private players called entrepreneurs have been identified as
Human and Labor Rights are not Just an Industrial Relation Issue, but it’s also a PR Issue for Organizations Introduction The rights of workers, otherwise known as labor rights represent a group of legal rights, and acclaimed human rights that revolve around labor relations between employees and their employers. Generally, they fall under the labor
Public Administration Public administration entails the act of government thorough formulation and implementation of its policies. The government of any country is always charged with the full mandate to serve its people in the most appropriate way possible. It is to this stance that it has to put up formidable structures that would see the
Public Administration Introduction Public administration can be viewed either as an area of academic inquiry or as an administrative activity performed by a salaried person, who discharges public service and implements public policy within a government framework in accordance with existing laws (Nedelcu, 2010). Public administration is an increasingly complex field as the size of
Waste Management Medical wastes are materials generated at a health care facility by medical professionals. They include surgical instruments, surgical gloves, removed body organs, and culture dishes among other materials. These wastes are potentially hazardous and proper management in terms of their disposal should be carried out. Failure to properly manage these medical wastes can
Corporation Social Responsibility Corporation Social Responsibility (CSR) denotes a progressive strategic concern for corporations across the globe. It is rather a complicated concept since it goes beyond various notions, among them the triple bottom line, corporate parole and responsibility, environmental accountability, ethics in companies, maintainable business and environmental and social environment. CRS is both corporate

Sample Essay Paper on Advertising

Introduction Advertising is a form of marketing where information is relayed to customers to persuade them to buy a certain product. Marketing involves the use of persuasive techniques. The advertising can be done in the print media, television, radio, billboards flyers or any other method that is convenient to the advertiser. However with the advent
Corporate Social Responsibility Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) denotes a progressive strategic concern for corporations across the globe. It is a complicated concept since it goes beyond various notions, among them the triple bottom line, corporate parole and responsibility, environmental accountability, ethics in companies, maintainable business and environmental and social environment. CSR is both corporate and
Organization management, Drawbacks and Remedies In your own understanding, what are some of the strategies that can be counted as track records in improving organization performance? In part one of this discussion, Bolman and Deal reveal that the mainstream of business world is characterized by explosive technological and social changes in a more interconnected way.
Abstract In the contemporary world, human diversity has become an important ingredient in organizational development. However, this topic has developed into another dimension that is very important to the business organization. In this regard, diversity is an important aspect of business management because it provides the executive with the basis of developing strategies that are
Focus of the Research Paper In urban planning, the concerns are the designing and regulating land use within the urban area with focus on physical arrangement, social effects and economic roles of urban setup and the activities within the particular urban center (Taylor, 2007). Urban planning is a technical process as it borrows heavily from
Culture and Public Policy Is Democracy Culture Specific Or Universal? Introduction Among the tremendous developments that were witnessed in the 20th century, is the rise and development of democracy. In any case, this is not to essentially deny the fact that other critical events have likewise happened, however one would contend that in the near
Environmental Pollution Introduction When planning industrial sites and processes amid other business, governmental, and individual practices, environmental pollution is a factor worth considering and preventing. Environmental pollution denotes the contamination of the physical as well as biological elements of the earth to a degree that normal environmental practices are negatively distressed. Pollution signifies the introduction
Community Policing Community policing is a concept that has often been misunderstood. It is an approach that takes into account the responsibility shared by police officers and communities in order to secure their society. Various studies have sought to show whether the concept of community policing is known in addition to striving to show on
Why Child Care Policy Has Been Unsuccessful In Reducing Child Poverty in Canada In 1989, the Canadian House of Commons voted overwhelmingly to eradicate poverty among Canadian children by the year 2000. However, approximately 25 years later, the country’s child care policy has been unsuccessful in reducing child poverty among Canadian children. This paper discusses
How Governments Depend on Nongovernmental Organizations in Provision of Public Goods and Services Introduction Nonprofit Organizations are vital institutions in development of the society in any particular country. They are founded on voluntary course, with objectives of supporting communities, societies, or persons to improve their standards of living without the objective of making profits like
Financing Government Options Introduction As far as the ability and capacity to finance government options is concerned, there is a need to take the  first step towards understanding the different methods states and governments use to generate revenues, the budgeting structure, and communal response through tax remittance. For a city to become successful in financing
Build Effective Teams Teams are interesting and critically important aspects of human life. They involve essential activities of many individuals in various capacities – the general public, fans, scientists, and other experts. Such teams generally comprise parties with corresponding skills which create and enable synergy and coordination efforts, allowing the different members to fully exploit
A review of “Statement of Robert Greenstein on the President’s 2016 Budget” Introduction The United States President, Barack Obama, has recently announced his government’s 2016 budget proposal. According to the Whitehouse’s Office of Management and Budget, President Obama’s 7th budget proposal has brought changes that will revive the American economy (whitehouse.gov). The proposal has provoked
Introduction Violence is the act of engaging in activities that are likely to harm human beings. Violence against women is presently known as femicide. It is an act that harms women psychologically, socially and even physically (Gender and Development Network, n.d.). Violence has existed from time immemorial. It existed in the bible times of Cain
Information Technology Strategic Plan Strategic management is a wide concept in business. This is because it comprises different areas of marketing, information systems, and business management. Strategy, on the other hand, is a concept that has been employed in various established institutions, which have realized dwindling sales or a reduction in the operational efficiencies. Strategy
Analyzing ESEA’s Title II Effectiveness The paper provides an analysis on how well the Education and Secondary Education Act’s (ESEA) section 2112(b) meets the purpose of ESEA Title II, Part A.  ESEA was first introduced in 1965 and the aim was to provide educational opportunities to the most disadvantaged children. Over the years, the Act
Public Policy Dye (1972) defines public policy as any decision made by the governments to either do or not do something in a country. This means that the government fundamentally makes important public decisions. Their decisions regarding any policy are final and cannot be contented by anybody. Educational policy refers to those decisions made by

Sample Paper on Genocide

Topic Genocide is evident in all spheres of human life. Time and again man has employed genocide as a tool to justify some environmental, political or religious end. Human history is littered with   horrible snippets of genocide and counter genocide. No known order has existed that accepts or rejects genocide fully, but the outcome remains
Public Administration, Accountability and Public Service Reforms Definition of Accountability Accountability is an aspect of governance in which the people working in the public sector are expected to be liable and answerable to their actions. The aspect of accountability is to bring forth discussions that may be affecting the public sector and making the affected
How does social capital affect public policy? Research into the nature and importance of social relations has caught wide interest among researchers. However, the orientation of the relationships as a capital is a relatively recent phenomenon. With the recent discovery of the importance of social relations, how these ties form an investment capital and the
Organization of Special Districts in Texas Synopsis Special purpose Districts in Texas forms the most basic level of local government and they are sub visions of areas of a state, county or municipality. They are divided for several special purposes like judicial, political, electoral or administrative purposes. Their creation is as a result of the
Controlling Traffic in Toll Roads   Traffic jam is a problem faced by all major cities in the world. Consequently, different cities have developed ways of dealing with this problem. One of the common ways in the United States has been the use of toll roads in metro areas. These roads require users to pay
Management of crises is a major challenge that faces the management of any organization. A crisis is an event that poses a danger that can be detrimental to the organization, the general public, or the stakeholders. Crisis management is well thought-out as the most essential process in public relations (Galloway, Christopher, & Kwamena, 2005). There
An Appraisal of the Situation This is a typical situation of corruption and unethical contamination. Everybody seems to be involved in one way or another. Nobody appears to be safe, including Henry Erickson if he decides to pursue the case. However, that is not a strong reason for dropping the case. For the benefit of
Telecommunications Regulatory Authority Case Analysis Pertinent Facts of the Case The Translation Unit of the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority is a good example of dysfunctional leadership that has led to immergence of other undesirable factors, which have resulted to a decline in the overall performance of the unit. The major problem observable in the case is
Total Quality Management and Excellence in Public Service Introduction The United Arab Emirates has, in recent years been faced by challenges related to the realization of sufficient customer satisfaction and the need for continuous improvement. To realize these objectives the UAE introduced departments of quality and excellence to ensure that quality management became an integral
Introduction Code of ethics refers to the professional standards expected in a public office guiding the relationships between the clients in an organization and the employees. These codes are far stretched and even apply to the relationships and dealings of the employees, management, owners and even the clientele. The codes of ethics stipulates the requirements
Royal Commission of Inquiry into Alleged Telephone Interceptions Introduction This is a moot submission that presents the work done by Royal Commission of inquiry into alleged telephone interceptions to a parliamentary Inquiry. Telephone interception is a controversial issue that has triggered great debates based on ethics and public sector accountability. This moot submission seeks to
Royal Commission of Inquiry into Alleged Telephone Interceptions Introduction This is a moot submission that presents the work done by Royal Commission of inquiry into alleged telephone interceptions to a parliamentary Inquiry. Telephone interception is a controversial issue that has triggered great debates based on ethics and public sector accountability. This moot submission seeks to
Collective Bargaining in the City of Spanish Moss in Florida Introduction The process of recognition entails unions securing an official place within the bargaining table. This process varies extensively among various states. One very high-pitched contrast is, those procedures used in the United States and the general process in states within Europe. The European model
Public Administration as Art or Science Introduction The principle of completed work is that situation where a subordinate or staff member identifies a problem affecting the organization, submits recommendations to the senior management or supervisor whose responsibility would be to approve or disapprove (Balogun and Hope, 2004, p.30). In this case, the staff member presents
Alcohol Use among African American Youth Living In Public Housing and Its Effects on the Parents 3.1 Theoretical Foundations There are different theories that can be used in this study. The major theory to be adopted is the “Jessor’s “Problem Behavior Theory. According to Costa (2010), the theory is applicable in a number of studies,

Analysis Video Interview

Analysis Video Interview Introduction According to Byers, Slack & Parent (2012), video taking in sports is among the upcoming technologies employed for competition and marketing. The Adidas inspirational video is a combination of diverse sports commercial to form a video commercial, which features various athletes like Usain Bolt, Michael Phelps, Tyson Gay and Lance Armstrong.
Abstract This paper discusses the future of public management with regard to the changes that have taken place in public administration in the modern era. Factors, such as evolution of technology and globalization have influenced various aspects in public administration, for example, the demands of the people. In the modern world, the citizens perceive access

Sample Essay on Compensation

Compensation Abstract The paper evaluates the validity of the complaints of the company directors and comes up with measures that should be put in place so as to avoid future conflicts. First, identifying the specific laws, which govern compensation. The Fair Labor Standards Act which is the specific law that deals with issues of compensation in
1.0 Abstract Individuals with chronic conditions who incorporate effective management mechanisms for their conditions are more likely to be free from signs of depression. This is a result of exposure to valuable information, which despite them realizing that change is difficult, they become responsible and undertake necessary adjustments to handle their situation. The significant aspect
Head 2013 Evidence Speaking Truth to Power Bibliographic citation Head, BW 2013, ‘Evidence‐Based Policymaking–Speaking Truth to Power?’, Australian Journal of Public Administration, 72(4), pp.397-403. Main arguments of the paper The author of this journal article, Brian W. Head, conducted a study to examine the use of evidence-based policymaking in both governmental and non-governmental organizations. He argues that,
Structuring for Team Success: The Interactive Effects of Network Structure and Cultural Diversity on Team Potency and Performance.” What determines team success? This is the question that many scholars have tried to respond to either through researcher or theorizing. However, compositional and structural theories have so far given a convincing explanation of the major determinants
25 year Vision for Balcones Heights in San Antonio Balcones Heights had been known for its urban beauty in the past. This faded glory is about to be restored by the recent request for proposals to create the metro Balcones Heights through the long range, progressive 25 year vision for the city in San Antonio.
Abstract The right to strike has increasingly become a controversial topic in the recent past following growing debates on whether public employees’ strikes are legal or illegal. Although most states have recognized the need to grant public employees the right to strike, most of them employ injunctions to control the impact of such strikes. As
Value Added Tax (VAT) in UAE Introduction Value Added Tax is a perspective that is yet to be implemented in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, although an implementation of the same is expected to be effected in countries such as UAE, which is a member state of the GCC. A confirmation of the implementation of
Interconnectedness in Health Care Hospitals are expected to update their surgical and medical departments, training their health care providers, and most important upholding quality in the hospital to ensure more revenue. Developed nations for instance Australia, the United States and Europe, use modern technology as compared with other nations across the globe (Burns, Bradley, &
Value Added Tax (VAT) in UAE Introduction Value Added Tax is a perspective that is yet to be implemented in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, although an implementation of the same is expected to be effected in countries such as UAE, which is a member state of the GCC. A confirmation of the implementation of
World Society and the Nation-State In their article, World Society and the Nation-State, Meyer, Boli, Thomas and Ramirez argue that culturally, a state’s cultural orientation is not a function of its historical or political nature but a derivative of the state’s interaction with and belonging to the wider society of states. Through rigorous associational processes,
World Society and the Nation-State In their article, World Society and the Nation-State, Meyer, Boli, Thomas and Ramirez argue that culturally, a state’s cultural orientation is not a function of its historical or political nature but a derivative of the state’s interaction with and belonging to the wider society of states. Through rigorous associational processes,
Comparative Federalism Federalism is the system of government that divides power into small units and allows states to govern and regulate themselves by dealing with their own issues internally. This system allows the states to regulate their own issues and is achieved by delegating power to smaller government entities thus allowing the needs of specific
Public Administration Leadership is among the factors that affect the efficiency of public administration as it influences the perception of the employees towards work. Public administration relates to serving people in the public, private and non-profit organizations.  The following discussion addresses the informal and formal leadership structures in non-profit organizations. Description of Feeding America The
Interview Summary and Findings This paper depicts an interview that I conducted with a representative from the Anti-Violence Partnership AVP organization. It is a nonprofit firm that has committed and put efforts to assist the crime victims. Its objective is to end violence via initiating programs that supports, protects and counsels the victims. As a

Sample Essay on Global Warming

Global Warming Global warming is caused by increased temperatures as a result of the release of greenhouse gases which are absorbed into the atmosphere thus blocking the rays of the sun from escaping back out into space. The sun’s rays are thus retained near the surface of the earth thus causing a rise in temperatures
Public Management Article Review (Lewis, 2005) Introduction Public management as a concept has undergone many developments and reforms in the last two decades. From the 1980s, reforms in the public sector have come as a result of the reforms in the concept of public management. Public management changes have led to the recognition of a
At Risk Adolescents Introduction Through research, it has been established that inner city dwelling exposes youths to problems associated with adverse poverty levels. This implies that adolescents living in inner cities are more vulnerable to exposure to different conditions that may increase chances of negative behaviors. Behaviors such as drug use and abuse, engagement in
At Risk Adolescents Introduction Through research, it has been established that inner city dwelling exposes youths to problems associated with adverse poverty levels. This implies that adolescents living in inner cities are more vulnerable to exposure to different conditions that may increase chances of negative behaviors. Behaviors such as drug use and abuse, engagement in
Deaths in Custody Introduction Death in custody or in detention entails all deaths that may be reported in police custody, secure detention centers, local jails, prisons, psychiatrist detentions, or any form of death that may involve a state agent. Death in custody may involve a suspect killed while under police jurisdiction, held as a prisoner,

Sample Essay on Medicaid in Texas

Medicaid in Texas Texas is one of the largest states in the United States. Its decision to abandon the huge investments of federal money and not insure its more than a million people under Obama care has certain advantages and disadvantages. The decision will prevent the federal state of Texas from receiving the estimated $100