English 101 Essay Paper on Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment

Capital punishment is the act of executing people as a form of punishment for a certain crime following an appropriate legal trial. It is used by states as punishment for crimes considered serious for instance murder. Nonetheless, the reasons varies from one country to another but the most common ones are; rape crimes, certain types of fraud, and adultery. There is a steadily increasing pressure for the abolition of capital punishment. Proponents of this form of punishment argue that it is a way of redistributing justice, prevents re-offending, and acts an incentive for helping law enforcers. On the other hand, opponents assert that capital punishment should be abolished because it brutalizes the society, disrespects the value of human life, and unfair application. I believe wealth penalty should be administered in the society.

Capital penalty can assault society in various ways but the most basic one is the status association with citizens. It produces an undesirable link between violence and law. The law punishes aggressive crimes and use punishment that violate human freedom. In so doing, it lowers the tone of the society because it is not appropriate in the modern society. Moreover, capital punishment does not deter people from committing serious crime, as the only thing it can do is deter the possibility of being caught and punished. More to the point, capital punishment should be abolished because it can lead to the execution of the innocent. The wrong people may be killed for what they did not do because of flaws or mistakes in the justice system. Furthermore, capital penalty disrespects the value of human being life. Human life is so priceless that even the worst crime offenders should not be denied the opportunity to live. In essence, the value of life of offenders cannot be shattered by a mere misconduct, as there are other ways of punishing them.

Real fairness asserts that society should suffer for their wrongdoing in a way that is suitable for the crime. Every criminal has to get what his or her crime deserves. For solemn offender, their crimes deserve death penalty. By embracing capital punishment, criminals are held responsible for their actions. More to the point, the law offers sense of justice to victims and their families. Furthermore, putting to death is economical. It saves taxpayers money that can be used to maintain criminals while in prisons.

Capital punishment has to be imposed in order to set right the injustice because crime leaves an ethical hole in the universe that needs to be corrected. There is nothing that is feared by most people than death. Criminals fear less the life in prison. They will keep on offending because they know that they will be jailed for some time and they will come back to the society. When it is clear that death penalty is the only way that can be used to punish certain types of crimes, people will try as best as they can to avoid committing the crimes. Those individuals that are not scared by the heavy punishment will do so at their own risks being aware that they are responsible for their actions. Besides, the society is justly structured when everybody receives what he or she deserve. Capital punishment protects the society by making offenders pay a price that is equivalent to the harm they did. Essentially, capital punishment holds individuals responsible for their actions thus restoring order in the society (Younger, 1977; Sangiorgio, 2011).

Capital punishment brings justice to the victims and families affected. It is a sure way of beating time spent at the parole board. Victims and their families do not really want to keep going time after time to the parole board to beg them to deny early parole to the criminal (Rosebury, 2011). Moreover, individuals murdered/raped did not deserve so. In capital punishment, offenders are convicted for heinous crime. They deserve death punishment because they are illegally execute death penalty on innocent victims.  By executing the offenders, justice is  brought  to the victims and their relative. In addition, capital punishment ensures that the offenders do not have another chance to perform the serious crimes because there is no guarantee that life in prison will teach them not to kill again (Belousek, 2012).

According to Liu (2004), economists have made numerous efforts both empirical testing and theoretical modeling to understand the deterrent effects of capital punishment. Execution is economical. Taxpayers will have fewer criminals to support.  Bowen (2005) claims that capital punishment reduces overcrowding in prisons as the most egregious criminals are executed. This implies that the cost of feeding criminals is significantly reduced. Moreover, the cost of maintaining them in the duration of their lives in prison is considerable reduced.

Putting to death has sparked many debates in the society. Some people think that it is the best way of punishing serious crimes. It makes criminals responsible for their actions because when people know that the punishment for certain offenses is death penalty, they will be much less inclined to commit such crimes. Moreover, provides justice to the victims and saves taxpayers a lot of money. Capital punishment is therefore essential for serious crimes.





Belousek, D. W. S. (2012). Atonement, justice, and peace: The message of the Cross and the mission of the church. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans Pub.

Bowen, J.L. (2005).The Categorical Imperative of a Confucian Evil Demon in America. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse.

Liu, Z. (2004). Capital Punishment and the Deterrence Hypothesis: Some New Insights and Empirical Evidence. Eastern Economic Journal, 30(2), 237-258.

Rosebury, B. (2011). The Political Logic of Victim Impact Statements. Criminal Justice Ethics30(1), 39-67.

Sangiorgio, C. (2011). The death penalty and public information on its use. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology25(1/2), 33-41.

Younger, E. J. (1977). Capital Punishment: The People’s Mandate. Vital Speeches of the Day43(22), 682.