Violence in the workplace has been an increasing concern all over the world. Any physical attack or the threat of physical attack directed to an employee on duty is categorized as workplace violence. Several factors contribute to the issue of safety and health, for example, economic hardship, inability to manage anger, and stress. Workplace violence strikes everywhere and everyone can be a victim. However, some employees are at a higher risk, such as those who work alone and during late hours at night or in the morning, those who deliver passengers or goods and services, as well as those who deal with exchange of money with the public (Purpura 23).
Methods of Identifying the Early Stages of Work Place Violence
- Emotional instability or behavior of violence
- Feelings of being victimized by a manager
- Making threats to acts of office violence
- Signs of extreme depression
- Displaying of inappropriate behavior towards a situation at hand
Methods of Preventing Workplace Violence
- Carrying out security analysis
- Creating an organized employee team
- Facilitating discussion between employer and employees
The risk management program should have four sections which are;
Offsite Consequence Study: This part of the program should outline the worse case as well as alternative risks release scenarios of the organization. The scenario illustrates a more potential situation for a release that can affect the employee.
Five Years Risk History: This describes every risk that has led to death, injuries, environmental damage, and evacuations.
Preventive Program: This would comprise training programs, written operation procedures, maintaining equipments, and taking other risk prevention measures.
Emergency Response Program: In this section, the program states that a committee that form local responders should be created to ensure that everyone is ready to respond to any emergency within the organization.
In the risk management plan, I would include procedures for risk management planning, monitoring, identification, analysis, and control. Another thing to include is mitigation processes that may be taken to ease the likelihood of an event occurring (Covello & Sandman 166).
OHSAS 18001 & ANSI Z-10
ANSI Z10 is a USA national standard while the OHSAS 18001 is not a standard either in the USA or in the UK. It is also not an international standard. OHSAS 18001 was developed by 10 CRBs and BSI, NSAI, and SABS while on the other hand, ANSI Z-10 was developed in an open and transparent process. OHSAS 18001 has not gone through the process of development and deliberative ISO process, which involves all the stakeholders in the whole world. This is normally a specification instead of a standard. ANSIZ on the other hand is more detailed; for example, top management responsibilities are strongly defined unlike in the OHSAS. In Z-10, controls have to be put in place in order to deal with recognized risks and hazards. Unlike OHSAS, Z-10 is more definite in its specifications for classification and in the prevention of related hazards and risks concerning contractors and visitors. The requirement for training is also more specific and prescriptive and trainer competence must be verified, which is not a similar case in OHSAS. However, the two safety management systems are similar in that they are both aimed at the management of health and safety. They identify any health hazard or risk associated with an operation eliminate them or control them, and demonstrate improvement by eliminating or minimizing the injury or illness (Henderson 53).
The Types of Works that can Be Rewarded With Incentive Programs Include
- Business management
- Quality assurance
Covello Vincent & Sandman Peter. Risk communication: Evolution and Revolution. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2001. Print.
Henderson Ron. Understanding OHSAS 18001:1999 and ANSI Z-10. Health and safety management. 2012. Web. 28 April, 2014.
Purpura Philip. Security and Loss Prevention: An Introduction. United Kingdom: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007. Print.