Factors behind the Rise of the Ancient Egyptian Civilization

Factors behind the Rise of the Ancient Egyptian Civilization

The rise of ancient Egypt civilization was highly supported by various factors. These factors included; farming, education, strong culture, technology, and government stability. Valleys of the Nile River contributed to the civilization as a result of the Egyptian ability to adapt to its environment.  The valleys of the river Nile were fertile and produced surplus crops that supported a highly dense population of ancient Egyptians. The overproduction in the farms helped them trade with the neighbors to acquire the resources that they lacked within their territory. The rich soils of the floodplain of the river Nile gave the populace great opportunities to develop an agricultural economy, which was more sophisticated. The fertile low plain of the Nile gave humans the chance to develop a settled agricultural economy and a more advanced, central culture that was a foundation in the history of human being civilization. Nomadic pastoralists, hunters, and gatherers started to settle along the valleys of the river Nile in the middle times of the Pleistocene. By the late Paleolithic era, the dry and hot temperatures of Northern Africa forced a large number populace to settle alongside the river regions. This populace started practicing agricultural activities that were greatly favored by the fertile soils found along the river Niles valleys (Hine, William, and Stanley 190). Badari and Amratian people also brought a high level of technology to the region. The Amratian manufactured high-quality jewelry made of ivory and gold, combs, and decorated stone vessels that were all reflective of a wealthy region. They also started using written symbols, which eventually turned out to be the ancient Egyptian language.

Administration and Economics

The stable government played a major role in the civilization of early Egyptians. The Pharaoh who used to be their leader was highly honored. He established a system where workers from the farm could be compensated with a money-barter system. The government also introduced legal systems where laws were applied through the common knowledge of what is wrong or right to serve justice. The victims, if found guilty were punished proportionally to their actions which were either civil or criminal (Chasteen 180).

Ease Access to Natural resources

Egypt was wealthy in decorating stones, copper, gold, many precious pebbles, and minerals. These naturally allocated resources helped the ancient Egyptians build monuments, sculpt statues made tools, and jewelry worn by women. Ancients Egyptians were the first people to use minerals mined as toiletry, designed to beautify the body (Chasteen 185).

Factors Behind the decline of Ancient Egyptian Civilization

Wars of invasion by enemies and rebellions against the old ways were among the factors that contributed to the fall of ancient Egypt civilization. During Ramess’s administration, his greatest enemy was the Hittites. Hittites had more effective metals than the Egypt armies who battled them in the great pharaoh’s temples. Even though the Egyptians had weapons made of bronze, they lacked more effective metals used by the Hittites. In addition, the disputed unity between the south and north Egypt threatened the continued civilization. This also brought about economic crises in early Egyptians. The invasion by Assyrians, during the administration of King Taharqa, threatened the ancient Egypt civilization and its power to control both economical and military positions. Ancient Egypt became an easy victim of the highly expanding Persian Empire, which conquered it over a period of one century. Also, the gradual occupation and displacement of Christians by Arabs changed the old ways applied the Christians in early Egypt (Relke, and Allan 108).

Work cited

Chasteen, John Charles. Born in blood and fire: A concise history of Latin America. NYC: WW Norton & Company, 2001.

Hine, Darlene Clark, William C. Hine, and Stanley C. Harrold. African Americans: A concise history, combined volume. Canada: Pearson Higher Ed, 2013.

Relke, Joan, and Allan Ernest. “Ancient Egyptian Astronomy: Ursa Major–Symbol of Rejuvenation.” Archaeoastronomy 1