APA Referencing Style Guidelines
Please note the following. When you search for and find articles online using search engines such as EBSCOhost through the FSU Amelia V. Gallucci Cirio Library, on the right-hand side of the screen, there is a CITE tab. If you click on this tab, you find a list of different Citation Formats including APA. Unfortunately, these APA citations that are automatically generated via the search engines may NOT always be presented correctly according to APA Style. This happens with many search engines. It’s not the library’s fault. For example, one mistake that may occur is that the first letter of the first word after a colon in a journal article title is not capitalized when it should be capitalized. Or all words in the title of a book, academic article or magazine article are capitalized when they should not be. These are just some examples of errors that may occur.
Please note the following important APA style referencing guidelines for books and journal articles.
All words in the name of a book should be italicized but not all words of a book name should be capitalized.
Only the first word in the name of the book and the first word after a colon as well as proper nouns are capitalized.
Referencing style for a book:
Author A., & Author B. (2012). Title of book (11th ed.). Publisher.
Thus, the correct APA reference style for the course book is:
Laudon, K. C, & Laudon, J. P. (2022). Management information systems: Managing the digital firm (17th ed.). Pearson.
If you Capitalize every word in the book name or do not italicize the book name your reference will not be according to APA style.
The course book reference should not be typed as:
Laudon, K. C, & Laudon, J. P. (2022). Management Information Systems: Managing the Digital Firm (17th ed.). Pearson.
The above would not be APA style because all main words in the book name have been capitalized, and the book name has not been italicized.
The in-text citation for the course book which is not part of the sentence would appear in parenthesis with the period after the parenthesis (Laudon & Laudon, 2022).
If the in-text citation is part of the sentence, it would be appear as in the following example:
According to Laudon and Laudon (2022), managing information systems…
For academic articles:
Please note that when referencing a journal article, not all words in the journal article title should be capitalized. (Note that the title of the journal article is not the journal name.) Only the first word of the article title, proper nouns and the first word after a colon (if there is one) in the article title should be capitalized. Moreover, the journal name and volume number (but not issue number) should be italicized.
References – Journal/Periodical Articles Without a DOI.
Epizitone, A., & Olugbara, O. O. (2020). Multiple correspondence analysis of critical success factors for Enterprise Resource Planning system implementation. Journal of Management Information & Decision Sciences, 23(3), 175–186.
References – Journal/Periodical Articles With a DOI.
Liu, C.-W., Huang, P., & Lucas, H. C. (2020). Centralized IT decision making and cybersecurity breaches: Evidence from U.S. higher education institutions. Journal of Management Information Systems, 37(3), 758–787. https://doi-org.fitchburgstate.idm.oclc.org/10.1080/07421222.2020.1790190
For articles from periodical magazines such as the Harvard Business Review, Forbes, and The MIT Sloan Management Review, you use the same format as above for academic articles:
According to APA style, all references (books, articles, etc.) should be typed using hanging indent as seen above where each line in the reference after the first line is indented. If, however, you are not able to create a hanging indent in your Discussion posts, don’t worry about it. But do your best to get the rest correct.
Please do not hesitate to reach out to me if you have any questions and make sure that you read my feedback comments to see if I point out any APA errors for you to correct.