09/11 Commission Report
Role of International Community in Preventing Terrorism
The commission report suggested that the best way to prevent terror attacks like the one of 09/11 was to cooperate with other nations. The report further indicated that if the American government was in a position to make inroads on various levels with other nations, some progress could be made on how the other nations can prevent terrorism. It stated that cooperation with other nations was the only way to prevent terrorism. Additionally, the report indicates that there is a need to share information, present an incorporated front, and not distance itself from other nations (Kean & Hamilton, 2004, p.15). Because the aspect of terrorism is so amorphous, being capable of traveling easily from one nation to the other, it becomes evident that nations like the United States do not operate unilaterally. Instead, they are supposed to act together with other nations in a manner that enables them to be in a position to effectively deal with terror. The commission further suggested that the United States should serve as a good example to the entire globe. In this regard, it assists in enhancing the aspect that the international community should be one that has similar strategies in dealing with terrorism.
How Al Qaeda Obtained Power to Attack US
According to the commission report, Al Qaeda gained the power to carry out the attacks on the U.S because they were under the operation of radar (Kean & Hamilton, 2004, p. 28). From the planning of the attacks in kid 1990s, Al Qaeda gained the strength to attack the United States because they were largely ignored by the Western governments. Little is done by America and other governments in terms of focusing on the strength of the organization and silencing it. Even though the Central intelligence Officials of the United States were informed of the plot to attack the United States, terrorism was not considered significant. They assumed that it was only found in specific regions and therefore it did not require immediate action. This made Al Qaeda get strength and come up with infrastructure to get individuals who would both plan the logistics of the terror attack and take part in the same. The fact that Hamburg cells and Germany cells were in a position to be deployed for the operation and that it requested for participants from Saudi Arabia made it easier for them to get visas from the United States. This clearly indicates how Al Qaeda had strength from flying under the radar without being interrupted by Western intelligence forces. Al Qaeda was in a position to meet in Malaysia to plan the 2000 attacks, and they were capable of proceeding clearly without stoppage.
They were able to plan the attack because the United States was in the midst of government transition and President Clinton was leaving office. Given the fact that the administration of President Clinton did not pay much attention to terrorism, they reasoned out that the same would apply to either Gore or Bush (Kean & Hamilton, 200, p. 25). Finally, Al Qaeda was capable of carrying out the attack because it was not the main target of the Western governments and this enabled them to plan and grow without being disrupted or interrupted. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed has stated that the majority of the brothers were willing to die as martyrs. This statement clearly indicated that Al Qaeda grew to an unimaginable and the 09/11 attacks were a clear indication that they had strength and infrastructure levels.
Failures of the US Government
With the terrible attacks like the ones that were experienced in 09/11, the commission stated that there were various elements of failure. Firstly, failure to identify Al Qaeda’s plot resulting in an attack can be said to be a serious fall in vigilance. At the beginning of December 1998, intelligence officials were said to have reliable proof to show that Al Qaeda was planning to attack the United States using commercial airliners.
The governments of Afghanistan and Pakistan were not ready to give up Bin Laden as had been requested by the United States. The United States forced the United Arab Emirates to break up its relations with Afghanistan and impose sanctions, to no avail. Before 09/11, there was no information shared between the CIA and the Saudi Arabian Intelligence.
Problems in the FBI
The most vital aspect to note was that the FBI was not prepared to deal with terrorist threats. It had inadequately initiated strategies to find information pertaining to unidentified probable terrorists within the country (Kean & Hamilton, 2004, p.22).
Improvised Homeland Defense
None of the agencies charged with the responsibility of ensuring that the United States is secure like the Northeast Air Defense Sector and the National Guard had mechanisms to meet a terrorist attack in the United States. There was no communication between the personnel of the FAA and senior military.
The commission indicated that the essential premise of vigilance and sense of warning were not available in the manner in which the international policy was dealt with and the manner in which governmental approaches to organizations for instance Al Qaeda were to be facilitated. Generally, the government was not concerned with issues related to terrorism and the actions of Al Qaeda. This enabled the Al Qaeda organization to redouble its efforts and increase its strength both economically and recruitment-wise. The commission had a feeling that the failure of the government to keep an eye on the development and growth of terrorist threats from organizations like Al Qaeda was of vital and severe proportions (Kean & Hamilton, 2004, p. 18).
09-11 Commission Report Recommendations
The United States government must be in a position to find out and prioritize the key terrorist sanctuaries. It should have good strategies to maintain probable terrorists insecure using all aspects of national power. Secondly, there is need to secure the U.S- Saudi relationship openly. They must find out if they have a connection that both political leaders are ready to protect. It should entail a shared commitment to economic and political reform, as Saudis develop a common cause with the outside globe. It must consist of a shared interest in greater open-mindedness and cultural respect, with an intention to fight violent extremists.
Thirdly, the U.S government must be clear about the message and its meaning. It is supposed to provide an example of moral leadership in the globe, intended to treat individuals humanely, adhere to the rule of law, and take care of their neighbors. America and Muslim friends can have the same opinion on respect for human opportunity and dignity. To Muslim parents, individuals like Bin Laden, have nothing good to give their children but dreams of death and violence. America and its neighbors have a significant advantage, they can give these parents a vision that can enable their children to have a bright future.
In a scenario where the Muslim governments do not respect these principles, the government of the United States should be in a position to stand for a bright future. Additionally, the government of the United States should be able to cooperate with other nations in kindly sustaining a New International youth Opportunity Fund. The funds would be used for building and running primary and secondary schools that are located in Muslim states that are ready to invest their funds in public education (Kean & Hamilton, 2004, p. 35).
The United States should involve other nations in coming up with a wide coalition strategy against Islamist terrorism. Such issues can be discussed through various multilateral institutions. However, the most significant policies should be addressed and harmonized in a flexible contact group of major coalition administrations. This can be a good strategy of coming up with joint strategies for targeting terrorists who want to travel or find sanctuary.
The government of the United States cannot achieve its own duties to the people of America to hinder entry of terrorists without a key attempt to cooperate with other governments (Kean & Hamilton, 2004, p. 39). There is need for more to be done to share information with trusted allies, and raise the United States and international border security standards for travel through broad global cooperation.
Homeland security assistance should majorly focus on the evaluation of vulnerabilities and risks. It is understood that every city and state should have infrastructure to enable them respond to emergencies. However, the homeland security assistance should not aim at sharing its revenue. It should use local and state resources depending on the vulnerabilities and risks that require extra help.
. The 9/11 Commission report (1st ed.). [Washington, D.C.]: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States.