Sample Argumentative Essay on Abortion


Abortion is the termination of pregnancy. Sometimes this can happen on its own, and in such an instance, it is known as a miscarriage or a spontaneous abortion. In the United States, abortion is one of the commonly performed medical procedures, and a large percentage of women go through it. The procedure has remained common in many parts of the world.

Utilitarianism can be described as teleological; this means that this philosophy is focused more on the consequences of an action. Utilitarianism philosophy questions if abortion results in any good. People who have an abortion as a result of their financial pressures, education or even work, can be justified to carry out an abortion as per the hedonic calculus. Utilitarianism challenges the traditional perception of believing that abortion is an evil activity. It argues that the ends justified the means. In this regard, the philosophy can be seen as a supporter of the pro-choice stand, and the main proponent of the philosophy believed that individuals ought to have the power to decide what was good for them.

The pro choice stand is not supported by the classical utilitarianism. The element of having an absolute right is closely linked to the philosophical beliefs, for example, the natural law and Kant law. The main proponent of utilitarianism argues for the rule philosophically; he contends that people should be given freedom. The rule of utilitarianism contends that people should make rules that result in a common good. I personally do not believe that this is what Mill wanted to point out; however, the utilitarianism response should be free to accommodate the fact that in some situations, it may be right to deny a woman the right to have an abortion because by doing so it would result in a common good.

By using the Kantian Ethical theory, a person cannot ignore the Maxim in this theory. The maxim is self-contradicting, and an individual has a duty not to act as per the maxim. Having an abortion is a self-contradictory universal maxim. When a person says, “everyone should have an abortion” this could not possibly work because it would be hard to find people who would have abortions. When a different maxim is chosen, for example, “people who experience rape should have an abortion”, the self-contradiction is eliminated. The contradiction should be as a result of the will. Will it be within an individual’s desire to come up with a law that terminated pregnancy if it was a result of rape?

The above decision might seem perfect; people who were raped can choose not to be pregnant because the pregnancy was against their will. However, if I supported this law, it means that I am willing out of existence; this is because some rational agents have been born as a result of rape. It is not right to support a law that prevents my own existence. In this view, Kant theory is humanistic and does not support abortion even when a mother is under threat. The main shortcoming of this philosophy lies on the fetus; can the fetus be considered human?

The utilitarianism philosophy is the better of the two philosophies; this is because the theory offers a pragmatic solution that result in the prevention of harm and result in a greater good. The philosophy is easy to use; it gives an objective criterion that can be used by anyone. Kant’s philosophy is full of conflicting rules that are not absolute. It is also inflexible and ignores the real issues that are in the world.