Sample Argumentative Essay Paper on California government

Abstract

This research paper has handled crime situation in the state of California as from the 1990s decade which has shown a drastic change from a very hostile environment to a very peaceful state. It reveals that there was a sigh of relieve from the turbulent moments of three decades of heightened violent crimes. The government implemented policies to fight the menace. This includes increased policing, surveillance systems and installation of correctional facilities.

The perception of crime in the state of California has been portrayed in a mixed view point in that a slight majority feels more save in the neighborhood more than before and they perceive crime to be on the downward trend. However there are those who still feel that nothing much has changed.

The policies that were used by the government of California to reduce the rampant crime rate since the 1990s decade have been greatly effective in a great way. Though quite expensive, for example the prison facility that consumed magnitude of $5.6 billion to put up, the results were impressive.

Introduction

Back in to the olden times of mankind, crime has been one of the key concerns for harmonious coexistence. Criminal complexity may range from a simple settlement locality to humongous ultramodern urban establishments. Whichever the case might be, the effects of crime leave a societal implication of moral and social red flag.  Criminal activities could be classified by the seriousness of the kind of offense. Some of the most so to say serious offenses include sex offenses, violent criminalities, illicit transactions and deals and such like offences and violations.  In any modern society crime do not have any room regardless of social status, age or even gender.  Bringing crime to zero level would not be realistic but bringing it down is inevitable. Policy makers among other relevant bodies obliged to formulate ways and mechanisms to curb the vice. These mechanisms may range from reviewing the criminal law to well pronounced penalties of the perpetrators.  Any one taking the wrong path must be aware of the consequences. Offenders such as murders, sexual offenders, violence and of drugs upon proven guilty may receive a sentence to State prison (Zimring et al, 1999).

Eyes on the Californian state, much has happened since the break of the 1990s decade. A clear decline has been witnessed across the board.

Background

Reflecting on the United States of America as a whole, crime has been a big issue.  Criminality would be traced back as early as in the colonial era. Over the times it has metamorphosed owing to different prevailing circumstance and situation. These situations range from societal morality to national economics, from political atmosphere to radicalized religious opinions just to mention but a few.  Whatever the motivation, crime is unacceptable in any society.  The offender leaves immeasurable pain to the victim and also to the nation as a whole.

In the Californian state, an upward trend was witnessed after the Second World War as far as criminality is concerned. The world war seemingly had some unpleasant effects that triggered a national economic decline mostly influencing increased theft crimes and therefore this menace increased such as motor theft fraud and money laundering was witnessed in amplified rates. The Vietnam War was another cartelist to crime. Violent demonstration culminated with serious criminal activities.  Though the perpetrators hid behind a “justified” mask of protesting against a policy mistake, the magnitude of criminality was high to say the least. These moral domineering arguments against the warfare were especially prevalent amongst Californian college students, who remained more vibrant than the other groupings accusing the American government of imperialistic motivation towards Vietnam and tagged this war as “immoral” thus justifying even more violence and criminality across various groupings. The entrance in to the debate by the big voices such Martin Luther King among other civil rights agitators, made the unrest even more towards the late 1960s’ and early 1970s’, and this expanded the space for violent crimes (Cantor, & Land, 1985).

 Criminal Situation in California Since 1990s

As opposed to the preceded years of turbulent turns and twist of criminality, the break of 1990s decade breathed a sigh of relieve in the state of California. The unanticipated decline of crime was experienced across the entire state.  In most of the notorious kinds of offenses such as    violent crime, homicide, robbery, aggravated assault, property crime, burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, sexual offenses and drugs were in eminent decline. This amazing decline in law-breaking has been significant in its clear persistence. For instance, occurrences of homicide and violent crimes came down in a great magnitude as compared to the preceding three decades (Wells, & DeLeon, 2004). Capturing the period between 1960 up to 1989, homicide related instances had never dropped for more than three succeeding years. On the hand crimes such as Robbery, larceny and bur-glary each dropped in succeeding years of the entire decade of 1990s. The unanticipated drop in California criminality is unusually unique in comparison with many others in the globe. Though other factors such as robust media network, crime watch and analyzing systems may vary from place to place, the situation in this part of the United States is exceptional. Comparing with the situation in the outer world, for instance Ukraine criminal activities skyrocketed at the same time captured here above. On the rampant are offences such as human trafficking transnationally for commercial sexual merchandise and forced slavery. Ukraine women usually are trafficked mostly to the Russian, Turkish, Poland, and the U.A. E. among other eastern world. A great number of the forced laborers of Ukrainian trafficked were men oppressed in Russia, Poland and the Czech Republic, primarily who were forced to labor as construction manual worker, sailors, agriculture and factory workers (Shelley, 1998).

Criminal perception

Across the state of California there is totally mixed perception as concerns the matters of criminality. While there is a sizable percentage of the citizenry that the vice has been on the downward trend since the 1990s, some see it differently.

The seemingly increasing negative public perception of law-breaking contrasts with the concrete government statistics on crime. The government’s position on the situation is that the rates of vicious crime and also property crimes have largely been subdued to extremely low numbers. Some citizens hold the view that Crime Is in Upward direction within their regions. Slightly at the end of the 1990s decade Californians were seen to be evenly split over whether local criminality was going down or going up. By the year 2000, 50% Californians said there was a reduced amount of criminal activities, while on the other hand those who held on contrary perception were down to 34% (Rayburn, et al 2003).

The biggest contradiction of the larger populace on this matter of crime is the source of information. As much as there is the government standpoint, there are also other sources of information such as the media, the social networks, civil vigilance among others. It is an obvious thing that some may have other interests to arrive at a given opinion. Of cause security issues may fluctuate from locality to locality but on a wider scale the general statistics from the government seem to carry the day.

Many hold the view that family moral fiber is the root cause of all immorality. The perception that severe decline of the traditional setting of nuclear family and rising ethnic diversity is most likely to unleash an overwhelming crime wave is likely to be proven wrong. A big number of the young people have been brought up by single parents and still majority of them are law abiding citizens and well behaved than preceding generations.

State Policies

It is a proven general knowledge that Prevention is effective than punishment. In the years preceding the 1990s, the alarming rates of criminal problems left the government with no option but to face the menace head on. The drastic change of affairs compelled the state to take drastic actions to curb the vice. The Californian government has employed diverse mechanisms to arrest the situation.

Incarceration though may be not very pleasant to many is one of the key that has pushed criminality downwards.  The more offenders are jailed, the fewer the criminal instances to report in the neighborhood.  The state building more prisons and taking behind the bars more offenders the street would be the best place to trawl about (Tonry, 1999). The steeper the penalties especially for violent offenders would leave any opportunist abbey. Hefty fines are another key for the policy makers to consider. The installation of devices such as CCTV cameras is a remarkable milestone. Policing the state has done a recommendable job in that over the 1990 decade we have noted an increased numbers of the police. Simply it is harder to commit an offense in the watchful eye of the police. Being assisted by the cameras, everywhere there is a third eye in the name of the camera watching, may it be in the bank or even in the streets.

Social programs have helped a great deal as far as crime drop is concerned. Law enforcing agents have been working with civic groups over the period of 1990s. These groups have kept -the youths involved in constructive activities to overlook crime. Efforts to intensify and meet the needs of the energetic youth offenders through sociable community programs are one of the key approaches.

The demographics factor is one of contributing factors to this downward drift in crime in the state of California.  As the young people perpetrate the most law-breaking, yet they are the minority percentage in our society to date, then the fact are true. On the other hand the middle age population has gone up in recent past.

Costs and Consequences of Policy Implementation

Just like any other national program, the crime fight has been one of the most expensive ones. Owing to the development of the infrastructure, bringing the issue of personnel as well as installation of intelligence systems has never been cheap. Hiring of security surveillance officer as well as training them has been a costly affair.

On the other hand, correctional facilities were put in place at a high cost. The California state prison arrangement, which led the enormous general prison-building boom quite for many years, at first used to be overloaded with convicts, but in the recent passed the trend seems to have changed. The correctional facility has recorded a serious decline in its inmate population for more than two decades. The drop, though small, has already produced some officers to think that it is may be time California to append a prison accumulation that encouraged similar expenditure in other states countrywide and had a immense effects on the state expenditure.  These prisons budget at one point, in the 1990s, the state of California spend $5.6 billion on prison facilities which is much more than in its giant university scheme (Levitt, 2004).

All the same it was worthwhile for California is what it is today because of these robust approach over the issue of crime.

Conclusion

Any prevailing situation in our present states and governments can be resolved where there is the good will of the relevant authorities. The general public also must locate their place in order to realize the best results in the mutual interest of all. The state of California has broken away from the ensnaring criminal situation to a more peaceful place to be. Though it is costly the lack of harmony and order is more costly.

 

 

References

 

Cantor, D., & Land, K. C. (1985). Unemployment and crime rates in the post-World War II United States: A theoretical and empirical analysis. American Sociological Review, 317-332.

Levitt, S. D. (2004). Understanding why crime fell in the 1990s: Four factors that explain the decline and six that do not. Journal of Economic perspectives, 163-190.

Rayburn, N. R., Mendoza, M., & Davidson, G. C. (2003). Bystanders’ Perceptions of Perpetrators and Victims of Hate Crime An Investigation Using the Person Perception Paradigm. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18(9), 1055-1074.

Tonry, M. (1999). Why are US incarceration rates so high?. Crime & Delinquency, 45(4), 419-437.

Wells, W., & DeLeon-Granados, W. (2004). The intimate partner homicide decline: Disaggregated trends, theoretical explanations, and policy implications. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 15(2), 229-246.

Zimring, F. E., Kamin, S., & Hawkins, G. (1999). Crime and punishment in California: The impact of three strikes and you’re out (p. 86). Institute of Governmental Studies Press, University of C