Comparison of Technological Advances
Various theories give detailed explanations about the origin of the earth and organisms in it. The identified theories include the creation theory, and the scientific theory of evolution. Besides, there are traditional theories found among different cultures across the world, which give explanations of how the earth and man came into existence. There should not be any concern on which theory best explains the origin of the earth. The fact is, since its inception, the earth and the organisms in it have lived through various generations. For instance, the earliest centuries were described as the Stone Age centuries, and it is during these generations that man and other organisms had not been exposed to any kind of technological advancement. For example, the hunting and gathering practices by early man. The early man chased after wild animals, killed them by hitting them with stones, and used the same stones to slaughter them. Moreover, fire was made traditionally and the process involved rubbing of sticks and firewood together. It is worth noting that human life during these generations was very difficult. However, heading into the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, scientific discoveries came up and this was the turning point in the lives of human beings in the world. Several technological developments came up: better transport facilities, medicine, and communication facilities. It should be noted that the life of man changed drastically, and this is attributed to a number of technological advances. For instance, towards the 18th and 19th centuries, man began to be preoccupied with various activities. Communication formed an integral part of man’s life at the time, and it should be noted that technological advancement, such as the introduction of media facilities made the dissemination of information easier than before. Previously, though man practiced art, such as stone carving, drawing and painting, the introduction of technology advanced art. For instance, man used modern ways to create excellent artifacts. With these aspects in mind, individuals will embrace the fact that great platforms, such as media and art have undergone development and drastic change as a result of technological advances (Smil and Vaclav 90). Therefore, this research paper will discuss, compare and contrast 5 technological advances, occurring in at least 5 different centuries, which have changed the media and changed the purpose of art in major ways.
People should understand that different centuries have seen various technological advances that have played a part in changing the media and the purpose of art in major ways.
List of possible sources
- Movies and films showing the impact of technology on modern art.
Outline of how the topic and thesis will be supported
First, in support of the topic and thesis, there will be a discussion of the impact of technology on media and how it has played a role in changing the purpose of art in the modern world. Secondly, 5 technological advances from five different centuries will be identified. Thirdly, there will be a comparison and contrast of the 5 advances from 5 different centuries on how they have helped change the modern media. Finally, there will be a comparison and contrast of the 5 advances from 5 different generations on how they have helped change the purpose of art in the world today.
Media facilities, such as radio and television have contributed in making modern communication easier. Thus, the term can be defined as all the means of passing information or message, such as newspapers, magazines, radio, computers, phones, television, and journals. In the Stone Age, communication among individuals was hard because of lack of media facilities. However, since the introduction of media facilities, such as television and radio, there have been great improvements, which have been attributed to great technological advances. First, it is worth noting that presently, as a result of technological advances, there are numerous developments on how people receive information as broadband internet is spreading fast. This has led to introduction of facilities, such as the Internet Protocol Televisions. Through this, subscribers are able to get television programs through their internet connections. Besides, technology has changed the media as the mobile television is one of the most recent technologies that have made it easier for people to access information at any place and at any time. The media has also changed due to technological advances, as there is a new technology known as the Digital Radio (DAB) that has made sound waves become clearer and this has helped eliminate interferences, which AM/FM frequencies often face. These are just but a few ways through which technology has changed the modern media. Conversely, technology has also led to changes and developments on art and its purposes. This is because art is created, produced, and distributed in a number of ways that reflect or show the developments and advances of technology. There are a number of changes that art and the purposes of art have gone through as a result of new technology. First, social media is one of the technological advances that have helped bring people to artworks and artists’ performances. Besides, social media as a new technology has provided a platform for the creation of art and for the engagement in debates and dialogue around communities of interest. Artists should also give thanks to the new technological advances, as they have played an integral role in giving organizations tools to listen to the public and build arts awareness (Abdelnour-Nocera 202).
It is worth noting that technological advances and developments occurred in gradual stages, and this is evidenced in the innovations that developed during various centuries. Therefore, there were various technological advances that took a centre stage during various centuries. 5 technological advances from different centuries that changed the media and the purpose of art that will be focused on in this paper are listed below:
- The printing press of the 17th century (Abdelnour-Nocera 202).
- The paper machine and road transport of the 18th
- Steam and electricity of the 19th
- Radio and television of the 20th century (Smil and Vaclav 90).
- Internet and the social media of the 21st century (Mowery and Nathan 11).
First, the printing press of the 17th century had a significant change on media. Developed around 1440 by Johannes Gutenberg, the printing machine enabled the production of books that great philosophers during the Age of Enlightenment used to pass their ideas to the public. In fact, as the only media at the time, it became very influential and it prompted revolutions, religious upheavals, and the development of scientific thoughts. However, the printing press that led to the introduction of the print media at the time was very tiresome and expensive, as information could be passed through big books with several pages. The 18th century technological advances that led to a change in the media are the paper machine and road transport. As opposed to the earlier printing machine, the paper machine was fast and could enable the production of paper in bulk. The paper products were vital as they were used by media companies at the time they had started to put information on newspapers, magazines, and journals. A good number of people embraced the technology, and people could purchase newspapers in order to receive information about incidences and events across the globe. The only difference between the newspapers of the 18th century and those of the modern world is that they were not colored. The introduction of road transport at the time enhanced the distribution of the newspapers and magazines, and this was one of the significant changes in media. In the 19th century, the global media industry experienced significant changes due to the introduction of electricity. Around 1880s, the media industry in the world had come up with more developed paper machines, which their functionality could only be enabled by the use of electricity. Thus, when electricity was introduced, the media industry changed drastically. This is because there was fast production of paper and this enabled the printing of more newspapers, magazines, and journals across the globe. Electricity also enhanced the media industry as there was lighting that enabled the production of newspapers at night. The introduction of the radio and television in the 20th century was one of the biggest landmarks and steps in the media industry in the world (Smil and Vaclav 90). Through the radio, people were able to access information through radio waves and this was faster than the newspapers. The other development was the television and this was one of the most effective ways of communication ever seen at the time, as people were able to receive visual images and information from others. The only disadvantage is that the use of the radio and television was restricted to people with electricity and this made it expensive. Ever since their inception, the radio and television technology have gone through changes that have made them more acceptable and effective in the global media industry. In fact, today, a good number of people across the world are known to receive information through radio and television (Mowery and Nathan 11). The 21st century has had a number of technological advancements that have seen rapid changes in the media industry. In fact, the access of social networks, such as Facebook and Myspace and other sites, such as Google and Yahoo is the latest change that the media industry has seen. This has made more people turn to social networks for the access of information. It is very different in a number of perspectives from other technological advances seen in the previous centuries (Noor and John 55).
Apart from having significant impacts or effects and changes on media, the above discussed technological advances from various centuries have also led to changes on art and its purpose (Sparks 272). First, the printing press of the 17th century changed ancient art as artists were able to shift the display of the artistic works from stone and wood to paper in form of printing. During the 17th century, through their artistic works and designs, artists played an integral role in the revolutions, religious upheavals, and scientific thoughts that were seen at the time. In the 18th century, the introduction of paper caused great changes in how art was used. The introduction of paper saw the inception of paper currency across the world, and this was one of the factors that changed the purpose of art in the 18th century (Ward 54). Initially, artists were focused on the society, and through their art, they could educate and bring unity in the society. However, the inception of paper currency made art to be more economical. Artists drew things and came up with paintings with the aim of getting currency in the long run. The other technological advancement in the 18th century that changed the art and its purpose is the road transport. Through this, artists were now able to transport their artistic works and designs to new environments and this sparked the spread of art across the world. Moreover, the purpose of art changed significantly in the 19th century thanks to the introduction of electricity. This enabled the operation of machines that made stone and wood carving, sculpturing, painting, and drawing easier. As a result, there was a great improvement in the quality of artistic works in the 19th century as compared to those of the previous centuries. The succeeding 20th century saw the introduction of the radio and television, which caused a great change in the purpose of art. Through radio and television, artists could advertise their arts and this made art become more economical. Radio and television was also important in changing art, as they provided education and training to artists on how they could improve their artistic skills (Kenny 34). In fact, it is at this time that art was adopted in educational institutions and taught as a professional course. In the 21st century, the introduction of the internet also caused massive changes on art and its purposes. Through the internet, people across the world have had access to social media networks, such as Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, Wikipedia, Google, and Yahoo. As a result, social media has changed arts in various perspectives. Firstly, digital production and online distribution through the internet has allowed artists to by-pass traditional gatekeepers, such as companies and other organizations by placing their artistic works directly on social networks. Thus, just as artist and arts organizations find it easier to reach the public directly, they have also been exposed to numerous content that are helpful to them. Secondly, online, collective, and engaged arts communities were among the first to use social media technologies and also contributed to creating and developing them. This led to the drastic changes on art and its purpose in the 21st century. Thirdly, through the internet, social media tools have been used to enhance and complement the existing artistic works of individual artists and arts organizations. This has greatly changed the modern art (Noor and John 55). Technology has brought many benefits in the society, especially use of the internet. Therefore, people should use the internet in a good way for the development of the society
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