Sample Book Review on Global Perspective on Political Theory

Global Perspective on Political Theory

Globalization process is the act through which different views, ideas, products, and cultural aspects are interchangeably shared internationally through the media and other mediums. This has been made possible because of the increased use of advanced technology, transportation, and internet and telecommunication infrastructures. Globalization culminated from the innovative service delivery, and inventions that have been going on in the world. This has affected the political, social, and economic aspects of human beings. This is because of the fact that the world has been made smaller by the speed at which a person is able to interact with others human beings throughout the world.

Globalization brought both positive and negative impacts to the world. Globalization has facilitated the improvement of livelihood. Life is becoming more enjoyable with many choices that a person can make regarding films, products, transport mode, and religious matters. Companies are becoming more competitive, leading to lower prices for goods and services (Sivanandan 23). This makes it possible for most of the middle and low-income earners to afford the basic goods and services. On the other hand, negative culture has been instilled on the young generation by the western cultures broadcasted through the media or via the internet. This has seen the abandonment of the traditional cultures of the people, thus embracing the western culture that has destroyed their morality. People belief and act according to these cultures that are generally accepted, hence corrupting the indigenous cultures that may help to instill discipline to the young generation. Globalization has deteriorated the government’s effort of controlling behavioral changes because it has gone out of proportion.

Merits and Problems of Globalization

Globalization has the following benefits. The first benefit is about the resource allocation that helps in the production of goods and services. Goods produced in one country find their Way into foreign markets due to the volatility of doing business. This is enabled by the speed at which internet and transportation allows the participants to conduct their businesses. In addition, countries are in a position to share their cultural experiences with other people in the world. This creates goods relationship between people from all parts of the world. Appreciation of culture is a factor that reduces social unrest and havocs that inhibit development and social integration. In this case, the government and other arms of government consider globalization in setting up policies to govern trade and other activities in their countries.

This has led to the success of government policies that have been developed to govern the economic welfare of the country. Furthermore, it has expanded the countries regional corporation in the sense that the gap between developed and underdeveloped countries is closed. The demerits of globalization are outlined below. The first drawback is about the geo-colonialism that is brought about by globalization (Kuhling and Keohane 12). Western countries have invaded the market and political arena of the underdeveloped countries in such a way that their thinking and behaviors among individuals in the world emulates the western culture, politics, and behavior. The second point refers to the intensive competition that is as a result of globalization. People lose their jobs and companies lose their market share due to saturation of the economy by the big companies from the developed countries. Small companies fail in their efforts of entering the global market because they lack enough capital necessary to counter attack competition.

Resisting the Homogeneous Culture

Homogeneity of culture is one of the effects of globalization. Resistances to these new developments are crucial because of the cosmopolitan ideas manifested. Liberalization of cultures is one of the factors that lead to resistance. This is because of the nature and politics surrounding cosmopolitan. Underdeveloped countries find it hard to deal with the cultural colonization by the developed countries. The western culture has been embraced in almost every country in the world, thus influencing human livelihood. In addition, cultural diversity is an inherent force from the leaders and not the community itself. This means that the intrinsic value is lost in the event people try to embrace foreign cultures. Another reason for resistance is the facts that cultural homogeneity causes innovation and progress stifle. This hinders the development of countries inform of shared beliefs and values that are essential for any countries welfare.

However, overriding the cultural practices of the indigenous community destroys their values in a great way. The third reason is that it politicizes and tries to portray the dominant culture as being great. This makes the local culture of the people to lose its values and practices. This may lead to social unrest and insecurity in the country. For example, there is filming of crime materials that small cultures undertake as their own culture. Lastly, cultural homogeneity makes people from small cultures to lose their bargaining powers (Kloet 50). Their argument and thinking is rendered worthless by the dominant cultures. This makes them to shy away from making advances in improving their culture in the presence of dominant culture. Dominant culture is also far from justice and truth. This makes it extremely vulnerable to accept homogenization of cultures. This action leads to the weakening of communities and the endangering of the societies norms in the world.

One World Culture or Dimensional Superficial Culture Produced By Corporations

No culture is suitable for the world. This is because behaviors and thinking is largely influenced by culture. In the advent of promoting one particular culture, values and morality are lost. This implies that people will live and behave in a manner that is less likely to promote national values because they would be performing and acting from the influence of foreign culture. In an attempt to create profits, corporations strive to promote one superficial culture in the world. This creates a notion in the minds of consumers that the culture is the best, and they should emulate it. Therefore, a person tries all means possible to create a relationship with the culture. This may be in form of wearing clothing, music, hairstyle, communication language, relationship with one another, foods, and beverages.

Therefore, the organization will maximize sales from the huge consumption of its products. Local industries will make losses because their products will not be purchased. This condition may be referred to as brainwashing where people believe that working in the superficial culture will enhance their experience. This leaves the local industries with little or no employees to work for them to meet their goals and objectives. If the situation is not contained, people will lose their cultural values and norms to foreign cultures. Any country that has embraced the western culture stands to fail in its attempt to maintain its values, and dignity of the people. Thus, countries should promote their local culture even if globalization has opened up platforms for westernization.

Conclusion

Globalization is one of the most influential cultures that have affected the way businesses, politics, and social activities are carried out. It has positive and negative attributes in the economy. Countries are slow to implement globalization because of the economic implications associated with it. Underdeveloped countries suffer from the unfavorable competition that is caused by the developed countries whose culture and companies exploit underdeveloped markets. Music and religious practices by dominant cultures affect the behaviors of the least developed countries.

Therefore, the least developed countries should be protected from the effects of globalization that may open doors for the developed countries to come and exploit them at a profit. Cultural colonization is one of the most influential behaviors that globalization has brought to the least developed countries (Kloet 50). They face the risk of losing their cultural identity to the dominant western culture that is broadcasted in all the mediums that globalization come with. People lose a lot when they leave their traditional values and as a way of coping with the new status, they may end up committing crimes. Dominant culture is characterized by improper behavioral attributes, such as gothic music, hip-hop, unfavorable competition, and criminality. These issues affect the way people interact with each other in the community and may contribute to social injustices. Globalization has both positive and negative impacts, and therefore individuals should be careful to utilize the positive impacts as much as possible, and avoid the negative ones.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Kloet, Jeroen. China with a Cut: Globalisation, Urban Youth and Popular Music. Amsterdam: Amsterdam UP, 2010. Print.

Kuhling, Carmen, and Kieran Keohane. Cosmopolitan Ireland: Globalisation and Quality of Life. London: Pluto Press, 2011. Print.

Sivanandan, Ambalavaner. Catching History on the Wing: Race, Culture and Globalisation. London: Pluto Press, 2013. Print.