Business ethics is a difficult topic to explain. The wide range of categories and areas of
public ethics that exist between any company and the consumer or the general public
makes disciplining business ethics extremely difficult. Corporate offices, as well as local
businesses for mothers and cooks, can set up business ethics. It must address business
compliance and social obligations, as well as the rights of employers and employees. The
ethics, responsibility, decisions, and actions of any company or business, from the
grassroots to the highest levels of local or national government, are all aimed at directing
ethics. (Alzoa, Miguel. 2012)
Consumer rights and expectations are gaining more attention in today's culture. The rise
of the Internet and the expansion of international trade have required the continuous
development and planning of overseas business practices in a variety of cultural
backgrounds. In the financial sector, business ethics play an important role, as evidenced
by news reports of sales, domestic trade, and the growth of waste bonds.
Improving business ethics and infrastructure helps to close the economic, linguistic, and
ethical or value values between countries and their corporate practices. As a result,
corporate ethics have had a profound effect on how businesses are conducted in the 21st
century. (Dempsey, James, 2015)
Status, importance, ethics, and general meetings and expectations are the four key
elements of a business ethic.
Illegal corporate practices have a detrimental effect on productivity and living conditions.
Such behavior has a detrimental effect on social and environmental degradation, resulting
in damage to many sectors of society and a lack of trust. Businesses have become
increasingly competitive, and the value of goods and services has grown exponentially in
excess of the price per unit or function.
Business ethics can be defined as learning about ethical conduct and practice, as well as
reflecting social values and values. There is no denying that business contributes to our
lives, both individually and collectively. On the other hand, what is the role of business
ethics in the way an employer treats employees and vice versa? How does corporate
conduct affect the way competitors, customers, and the environment are treated?
People can meet ethical challenges by understanding integrated ethics, and gain respect
for honesty, creating trust, a sense of fair play, and issues of human dignity. Employer
and employee obligations are as important as following ethical guidelines in all aspects of
a company, from sales and marketing to marketing and competition.
Business Behavior Models
Consider the controversy over corporate human rights activities, where there has been a
major debate over whether companies should use their power over other players in their
areas of influence to promote respect for human rights. Where there are many factors,
according to Wood (2012), reflection becomes a source of responsibility: The
Organization has an important ethical relationship with the rights holder or infringement,
the company can contribute to improving the situation, the company can do so at a lower
cost, and the human rights threat is significant. Consider the dismissal of a worker as a
second example. What makes a fair dismissal in terms of ethics? Experts and doctors
agree that downsizing or reorganizing the company should end in kind, but what does
that mean? There have been no complex behavioral studies of these problems. In the case
of termination of non-compliance, Kim (2014) believes that compensation for dismissal
is a retaliatory act that accurately reflects the agent’s remorse and, in many cases,
demonstrates respect for the employee.
Different ways of thinking
The application of new theoretical ideas to problems that have previously been solved
from competition or other assumptions is a second option. Some points of view can also
be very powerful because they strive to overthrow the wisdom of doctrine and remove
new ones. Jones and Felps (2013) defended another company use policy as an example of
this bursary style. Depending on the shareholding of shareholders and the purpose of the
company, these are fundamental differences in general financial and administrative
subjects. Jones and Felps developed a one-purpose organization that they call "promoting
stakeholder entertainment" in order to develop a revised stakeholder theory theory that
addresses the issue that stakeholder opinion is inadequate. They say using this mindset
will enable managers to make informed policy decisions in the event of a conflict of
Wettstein (2012) points out that researchers responsible for social cohesion have ignored
the current discussion on business and human rights, including recent United Nations
programs, as an example of this type of research. Indeed, CSR scholars were less
involved in the negotiations that led to the formation and transformation of the United
Nations framework for "Protecting, Respecting and Repairing" Business and Human
Rights. At the same time, business and human rights books did not include student
management in ways that would help understand how to effectively incorporate human
rights protection into business policy. Wettstein argues for the consolidation of research
streams in ways that could encourage continued focus on strong participation in the
promotion and protection of human rights.
According to Linda Fisher Thornton's book "7 Lenses," there are six key elements that
will determine the future of business ethics:
1. Expanding project work Instead of focusing on local outcomes, ethical issues now
require a broader approach. “Dealing with complex problems, full implementation,
multiple business obligations, and disciplinary considerations will be required”
2. Appearance has improved. Since the advent of the internet, business has become more
visible to the public. As a result, there is a lot of attention and a lot of pressure on social
work and accountability.
3. Protecting human rights must be a priority. Individual ideas and cultural standards may
vary greatly, but there has been a strong emphasis on fundamental rights. Businesses are
under increasing pressure to treat employees and communities fairly.
4. Companies giving back to the community. Organizations need to find ways to
contribute to the betterment of society because corporate corporate responsibility
becomes a competitive advantage.
5. Managing ethics as an app. Companies can inculcate ethical and psychological values
by making ethics a part of employee management.
6. Retraining skills to stay morally sound. Leaders will need to play a role in ensuring
that their skills remain relevant and ethical leadership needs as ethical decisions become
more complex (Thornton, 2017).
The company's ethical benefits include:
• Attracting and retaining top employees, customers, suppliers and investors
• Building favors with members of the public and government officials
• Reducing the amount of supervision required for staff (Collins, 2011)
CASE STUDY: PATAGONIA
Patagonia is a company that makes outdoor clothing and machinery. Its code of conduct
is very similar to that of its customers. Patagonia considers itself to be "the greenest
company in the world," ensuring "complete openness" in its mission statement. When
Patagonia faces a crisis that contradicts its ideology, it often chooses to make the issue
public by examining the environmental impact. When Patagonia decided to switch from
conventional cotton to 100 percent live cotton, they soon discovered that the material was
not available. Patagonia has partnered with farmers and suppliers to promote organic
farming. Patagonia eventually switched to organic cotton because there was enough
cotton to meet their needs.
Apart from the excellent intentions that depend on this decision, Patagonia's sales have
dropped by 20% initially. Patagonia stood firm in their moral character and continues to
make garments made of completely live cotton. Sales have returned to normal gradually
as consumers begin to realize the negative effects of unnatural cotton. Moreover, as
consumers sought a more environmentally friendly option, this quick action forced
competitors to follow suit (Hollender, 2012).
The case of integrity in operating Patagonia's systems can be taken as an example to other
businesses that want to operate transparently and with strict ethical standards. When a
problem arises with a company, it is best to look forward to the customer and resolve the
issue as soon as possible – especially before the disaster strikes. In addition, companies
should not lose their morale if society does not start to accept big changes. Sometimes it
is better to wait for the community to participate. Long-term success is achieved by
sticking to the company's purpose rather than having a short-term profit.
Alzola, M. (2012). The Possibility of Virtue. Business Ethics Quarterly, 22(2), 377-404.
Dempsey, J. (2015). Moral Responsibility, Shared Values, and Corporate
Culture. Business Ethics Quarterly, 25(3), 319-340.
Harrison, J., Felps, W., & Jones, T. (2019). Instrumental Stakeholder Theory Makes
Ethically Based Relationship Building Palatable to Managers Focused on the
Bottom Line. Academy Of Management Review, 44(3), 698-700.
Kim, T. (2014). Decent Termination: A Moral Case for Severance Pay. Business Ethics
Quarterly, 24(2), 203-227. https://doi.org/10.5840/beq20145278
Patagonia Outdoor Clothing &amp; Gear. Patagonia.com. (2020). Retrieved 21 June
2021, from https://www.patagonia.com/home/.
Thornton, L. 7 lenses.