Sample Business Research Paper on Robotic Exoskeletons

Robotic Exoskeletons

Technologists are developing technologies in many fields, and warfare has become one of their interests. Currently, people with mobility issues are under consideration because there are exoskeletons, which can help them move. In the military, exoskeletons are becoming common to increase the strength of soldiers (Burks). This exoskeleton belongs to the American military and utilizes arms and legs. The exoskeleton is a second-generation, in the process of creation by Raytheon (ITEC). The suit can offer the military person additional strength.

Into the bargain, this wearable robotic suit escalates the power, alertness, and survival of the soldier wearing the suit. For the military, the suit is a relief, mainly due to the injuries, and exhaustion experienced by the soldiers (Burks). The SOS 2 is made of lighter material in terms of metals and other components. In addition, the exoskeleton is around 50% more energy effective when compared to xOS 1, and the suit may weigh 95 kg (ITEC). Notably, developers are welcoming ideas from people, and other professionals on ways to improve the suit (Ferris 1-3).

Requirements and specifications

            The xOS 2 is comprised of an outer framework, which is wearable, and a powered system that comprises hydraulics. The entire system comprises high-pressure hydraulics, sensors, actuators, and controllers, which augment the weight of a soldier to enhance performance (Karlin). The actuators have cylinders and hoses, which hold, and help in the distribution of hydraulic fluid. It also has a power supply, which helps in the provision of energy. The outer framework or casing may comprise aluminum or steel, but there is research to come up with a suitable framework.

Technology maturity transfer

The use of controllers, sensors, aluminum, and steel, will allow the exoskeleton to accomplish the undertakings. It has flexible hoses that allow fluid movement, and enhance performance, and this deprives the exoskeleton of a robotic nature. Flexibility will enhance the coordination, between the suit and the soldier. Most of the suits are driven by an internal ignition hydraulics engine, which depends on electrical energy. A wire tethers the prototype to the hydraulics power, and the engine is responsible for driving the hydraulic actuators (ITEC).

All the constituents of the exoskeleton work through an organized approach. The sensors, which are all over the system, stipulate the location and the needed force. In addition, the suit has computer processors, which receive signals from the sensors through Ethernet. This promotes the functionality of the suit in that the actuators can supply about 200kg of force per square centimeter using pressure-driven hydraulics. This helps the soldier to lift 23kg in each arm at an entire horizontal extension giving the soldier enhanced strength in each lib.

Program planning and management

            DARPA is an agency under the US military, which initiates the development of technology, and receives proposals from firms interested in improving such technologies (ITEC). After successful proposals, the agency can fund subsequent development. Raytheon Sarcos undertook the planning of the xOS 2 technology. The objective of the agency is to initiate the development of sophisticated military technology that their possible enemies could develop. Conversely, Raytheon Sarcos plans to include a fuel-carrying backpack using a custom hydraulic servo to enhance endurance to about eight hours (ITEC).

Similar to other projects, the current project will follow a system of organization, where various people manage its development in phases. This will help in identifying possible pitfalls and avoiding them. The project will also follow a timeline, and all possible risks listed. Such an approach will help assess whether the funding provided will cater to the full development of the project. In addition, it will help in tracking the progress of the project.

Works Cited

Burks, Robin, “DARPA’s robotic suit seeks to help soldiers in the field” DVICE. DVICE, 28

            Aug. 2013. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.

Ferris, Daniel, “The exoskeletons are here.” Journal of neuro-engineering and rehabilitation

6.17 (2009): 1-3. Print.

ITEC, “Raytheon XOS 2 Exoskeleton, Second-Generation Robotics Suit, United States of

America.” Raytheon XOS 2 Exoskeleton, Second-Generation Robotics Suit. ITEC, n.d.

Web. 20 Mar. 2014.

Karlin, Susan, “Raytheon Sarcos’s Exoskeleton Nears Production.” IEEE Spectrum. IEEE

Spectrum, 29 July 2011. Web. 20 Mar. 2014