Sample Criminal Law Paper on Wrong Convictions-The Sixth Amendment

Wrongful convictions are cases determined by government entities, which originally
sentenced individuals is innocent of the crime. Arguably, the sixth amendments enable the active
analysis of the criminal prosecutions through asserting that, the accused individual to gather the
Assistance of Counsel for vindication. The sixth amendment fosters the adoption of
particularized rules that protect and dispute the unjustified denial of liberty and life. Wrongful
convictions integrate defense lawyers, conservatives, and prosecutors in finding a verdict in court
based on accuracy in the justice systems. Criminal legal system incompetency and inaccuracy
enhance the conviction of innocent people that fosters the rise of more victims, which endangers
society. On the other hand, accuracy in the judicial system enables the growth of a democratic
society. According to Furman, accuracy in the judicial system distorts marginalization based on
wealth, background, and race when administering justice to an individual (12). Additionally,
eyewitness misidentification, forensic misconduct, and inadequate legal defense are the major
causes of wrongful convictions. Exoneration has facilitated the implementation of a judicial
order to portray the innocence of a convicted individual. In this regard, wrongful convictions
challenge the accuracy and fairness of the criminal justice system. The implementation and
adoption of the sixth amendment are necessary for the feature of criminal justice.
The judicial system should pride itself in the ideologies and a system that
convicted individuals are innocent until the court verdict proves them guilty. Consequently, this
will enhance the effectiveness of the judicial system in reducing the causes of wrongful

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convictions. The active analysis of the wrongful conviction through mistaken identity offers
broader assessments on the application of sixth amendments, which mainstreams the protection
of every individual by the law. Arguably, the competency and accuracy in the judicial systems
assert that every citizen is entitled to fairness and equality in protection when exercising the law.
Notably, gradual analysis of the wrongful sentences based on capital cases enables the
conclusion, which asserts that inaccuracy in the judicial systems and wrongful conviction is
higher in capital cases than any other case. The broader assessment of the wrongful conviction
through an individual with capital cases by the appellate has fostered the reversal of cases
established through evidence of actual innocence.
Mistaken identification is the leading trigger to wrongful convictions and erroneous
convictions. Eyewitness misidentification is the major cause of wrongful convictions in the
United States. According to Gould, the effectiveness of DNA exoneration cases has enhanced in
the determination of a significant number of convictions in relation to mistaken identification
evidence (830). Eyewitness information or evidence characterized by exaggeration and human
memory integrates smells, other memories, and sounds. For instance, a significant number of
crimes occur at night, poorly lit areas, and our frightening emotions of the occurrences cause'
poor visibility. On the same aspect of influence, crime happens in a fluid and faster manner, this
is cumbersome and not ideal for remembering among human beings. The improvement of the
accuracy of the defenders by the judicial system fosters the analysis of the wrong convictions to
enable a rational judgment in a court of law. For instance, mistaken identity cases in the United
States that lead to the wrongful conviction of an individual are the Adams and Randall Dale case.
Unfortunately, Mr. Adams was charged with first murder after the eyewitness, framed him. The
Smith v. Illinois asserts the principle of witness conviction on the illegal sale of narcotics.

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The assessment of mistaken identity is vital since witness mistakes are real and it is rare
for a witness to identify an individual wrongly. However, mistakes established by the eyewitness
foster the transparency and integrity of the process of finding the truth. Furthermore, accuracy
and mistakes in the judicial system comprehension through confidence in juror commonly
established places. In this regard, the confidence of an eyewitness is not a determiner for the
accuracy in the judicial system in the identification of a victim. Contrary, inaccuracy in the
judicial system in mainstreaming the sixth amendment facilitates confidence in the assessment of
eyewitness identification. Additionally, jurors believe in the credibility of eyewitness
identification testimony than other testimonies. The judicial system should implement
frameworks and measures that foster the preservation of the identification evidenced established
by the police. Consequently, this will enable an active analysis of the procedures adopted by law
enforcers. Frameworks and measures by the police enable the detailed explanation of the
proprietor offense and caution that the law enforcer should not touch components of the
The integration of forensic disciplines and the scientific community is an essential tool
for enhancing the reduction of wrongfully convicted cases. The analysis of invalidated forensic
science has fostered wrong convictions reversed for DNA evidence. Particularly, the invalidated
forensic evidence includes fiber comparison, bite mark analysis, and hair. Additionally, experts
in hair, DNA, and bite mark analysis exaggerate statistical information for their selfish interest to
gain their unscientific assertions. As a result, this has negatively affected the accuracy of the
judicial system. The adoption of forensic testimony faces biases in the judicial system in finding
a court verdict and a significant number of experts consider it inadmissible and unreliable as
evidence. An example of the wrongfully convicted individual through forensic analysis is James

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Driskell. In a broader analysis of the case, three hairs discovered in James' car led to his
conviction since it marched the victims.
The adoption of forensic analysis and techniques has enabled the reduction of a number
of wrongful convictions. The analysis and comparison of DNA have fostered the adoption of
new forensic tools. Over the years, the implementation of traditional forensic techniques
enhanced error in hair analysis. Wrongful conviction exposure through DNA evidence has led to
media mainstreaming because of technological advancement and misappropriate of exculpatory
evidence. Effectiveness in the adoption of forensic technologies in the judicial system has led to
the wrongful conviction of individuals. The forensic cases are hectic for determination since
biological material and aspects are not capable of resting and testing. Notably, forensic analysis
is effective when determining gender, ethnicity, race, and other victim characteristics. Regardless
of the establishment of forensic errors, the implementation of accurate measures is essential for
the proper functionality of the criminal justice system. The integration of rational thinking and
forensic efforts enables the integrity of the judicial system in mainstreaming the sixth
Wrongful convictions challenge the accuracy, fairness of the criminal justice system, and
the implementation of the sixth amendment is a necessary feature of criminal justice. According
to Baumgartner, failures of defense counsel caused by the disparity in investigating have fostered
the increased wrongful convictions (255). The limitation of appeal is determined by the records
established during the trial. Failures to investigate by the law enforcer foster the requirement of a
hearing, which enables another evidence presentation. It is vital for the justice system to adhere
to the defense attorney's implications to enable ethical standards development, which reduces the
causes of wrongful convictions. Notably, exonerations cases are applicable when the defendant is

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innocent. The National Registry of Exoneration asserts that a significant number of wrongfully
convicted cases get reversed when the dispositive physical evidence is accessible for tentative
purposes. Additionally, the body depicts the reversal of wrongfully convicted individuals on the
revelations of exculpatory information. The data category for the examiners fosters limitation in
the defense lawyering since rational thinking and experience varies from different lawyers. In
this regard, the interpretation of a case varies between lawyers, and rational thinking determines
the innocent individual conviction. Government misconduct such as, failure to display the
exculpatory evidence and bad lawyering has led to wrongful convictions. Notably, legal defense
instances achieved when the defense lawyer is competent in the provision of representation
despite the poor result. Legal defense fosters the inaccuracy of the judicial system by prosecuting
attorneys act of holding on substantial evidence of information. An example of wrong conviction
fostered by an ineffective defense system is the conviction of Michael Morton convicted after
DNA evidence linked him to a rapist. After Michael's exoneration, it was established that the
Ken Ander, the sitting judge, intentionally conceal the evidence.
The active analysis of the budget sequesters enables profound funds for defense
representation. The representation of the legal team and their policies is inadequate in
establishing a verdict in court. Significant numbers of individuals endured wrongly conviction
since their lawyer lack resources and time to offer effective representation to the victim.
Consequently, this has enabled the adoption of the sixth amendment to analyze the liberty of life
compromising cases. On the same aspect of influence, most individuals who are wrongly
convicted lack due to incentives to hire a competent lawyer for the representation. The judicial
system focuses on minimizing cost when offering the defiance for marginalized communities.
Example of Lorida v. Nixon case, which the court verdict established as a unanimous decision,

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disputing President Richard Nixon. As a result, this fosters the increase in a number of
The adoption of system improvements that disputes the arrest of innocent people enables
a democratic society. The Innocence Project policy facilitates the reflection of information
gathered from DNA exonerations, which mainstreams on the causes of wrongful convictions.
The Innocence project enables the alteration of judicial system frameworks, enabling the
reimbursement or compensation of the wrongly convicted individuals. Arguably, this policy
provides a legal mechanism to foster the accessibility of DNA testing, which enables the active
analysis of the evidence retention and evidence of innocence. Additionally, the adoption of legal
improvement for the marginalized communities has enabled reforms in the law enforcement
stakeholder such as eyewitness identification process and reforms in the police system.

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Works Cited

. Gould, Jon B., and Richard A. Leo. "One hundred years later: Wrongful convictions after a
century of research." The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (2010): 825-868.
Baumgartner, Frank R., Saundra D. Westervelt, and Kimberly J. Cook. "Public policy responses
to wrongful convictions." Examining wrongful convictions: Stepping back, moving
forward (2014): 251-266.
Furman, H. Patrick. "Wrongful convictions and the accuracy of the criminal justice system." The
Colorado Lawyer (2003).

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