103 term definition
Biblical themes/social transformation
Technology refers to the creation, modification, exploitation and knowledge of techniques, equipments, methods and systems so as to address complexities of a certain situation, improve prevailing solutions to those complexities as well as attain a certain objective, handle an input and undertake a certain task.
Diseases of civilization are expressions that describe the causal relationship prevailing between the modern day disease patterns in the more advanced nations and the present day technological, social and economic advancement.
Mission defines a statement of purpose that an entity that includes either an organization or a company uses to describe its intended reason for existence. A mission should govern actions of such an entity, define its goals and describe an appropriate path to decision making.
Hydrolic control defines the process of using hydrolic machinery that uses water to perform simple tasks. The hydrolic machine transmits the fluid to various parts of the machine in order to balance pressure depending on the prevailing pressure.
Civilization describes state polities that integrate basic institutions to distinguish a particular community from other traditional communities that include hunters, gathers and pastoralists.
Trepination defines a surgical treatment where a drilling is usually made in the human skull thereby revealing the dura mater to treat problems that are linked to intracranial illnesses.
Independence describes a situation where a country or a state and its occupants exercise sovereignty over their land.
The Spanish Conquest describes one of the most important activities that took place during the Spanish colonization over the American people, which was launched in 1519 and termed successful in 1521.
The Society of Jesus defines a male religious group within the Catholic Church that was involved in the work of evangelization and apostleship in over 112 countries around the world.
Franciscans refers to various individuals that adhered to the religious teachings and beliefs of St Francis of Assisi.
Dominicans defines a certain order of preachers that was established by St Dominic at the dawn of 13th century, and this as a result realized the need to offer greater education as well as engage an intelligent society.
God Acting in History defines the critical attributes that God exhibited to most individuals in the bible, which portrayed him as working in a fashion that needed him to get involved with humanity thereby making the human history to be in line with God’s desires and purposes.
Incarnation defines the act of embodying an immaterial being in the flesh. It describes the conception and delivery of a sentient being whose primary form is a manifestation of god and whose original nature is supernatural.
Contextualization defines the process of integrating biblical messages within the context that has been perceived in the missionary work that was started by Jesus.
Covenant Structures refer to the symmetric patterns that exhibit divine organization when God sealed promises with his children.
Babylonian structures are the various administrative structures that prevailed in Babylon before the dawn of 1800s, which is the period during which Babylon became an independent state.
Adventist history pertaining to social transformers
ADRA are initials that stand for Adventist Development and Relief Agency, which is a non-governmental humanitarian organization that is run as well as managed by the Seventh Day Adventist Church with the aim of enhancing development and catastrophe relief among various communities.
Peru history pertaining to Peru’s past and present
Inca refers to the greatest empire that existed in the pre-Columbian America. Inca’s governmental, political and martial power was located in the contemporary Peru’s Cusco city.
Pre Inca is the period that preceded the Inca Empire that later came to exist in South America in 1438. It describes the various cultures that preceded the Inca Empire, and these were characterized by archeological excavations to assume historical information.
Conquest defines an act of gaining power over a nation, a city or a territory by employing force.
Columbian exchange defines an extensive exchange of agricultural products, culture, populations, technological knowledge, ideas and infectious diseases from the American to Afro-Eurasian regions and vice versa following the expedition of Christopher Columbus to America, the American colonization by Europeans and the introduction of slave trade.
Pre-Columbian describes an era that integrates the various era subdivisions that existed prior and during the history of Americas prior to the coming of the European Colonials as well as their significant influences upon the American continent.
Ana and Fernado Stahl refer to historical missionaries that had been trained a nurses during the renowned Battle Creek Sanitarium. These missionaries had departed their homeland and moved to Peru by ship where they conducted successful cultivation and trade. They however started working among the Andes and Amazon people when they arrived at antiplano.
Chicha morada defines a sugary Peruvian beverage whose ingredients include corn, zea mays andes and spices.
Chicha defines certain types of fermented and non fermented drinks usually derived from maize, cassava or grapes.
Quipu defines a recording instrument that comprised of colored spun and threads made from Ilama hair and were commonly used in Andean South America.
Francisco Pizarro was a conquistador from Spanish origin and he triumphed over the Incan Empire.
Pachacutec was the ninth ruler in the Cusco kingdom, which he later converted into the Inca Empire.
Inca Empire describes the largest Empire that existed in the Pre-Colombian America and whose administrative and political units were situated in Cusco.
Tupac Amaro was the last traditional ruler or “Sapa Inca” of Peru’s Inca kingdom.
Inca cultural achievements describe the major accomplishments that have been realized during the Ina Empire that prevailed between 1438 and 1533 thereby transforming its culture in the areas of textiles, tools and stonework.
Pachamama refers to the goddess of the Andes people who is equally referred to as the time mother.
Cuy defines a particular type of animal meat that is usually derived from guinea pig found in the Andean part of South America.
Simon Bolivar was a political and martial head that played an important role perpetuating Latin America’s fight for freedom from the colonial power of Spanish empire.
Encomienda refers to a legal system that prevailed during the American colonization by Spain and it was particularly employed so as to regulate the level of autonomy that was exhibited by the Native Americans.
Peru Culture defines the traditional Peruvian culture that was predetermined by preexisting Hispanic and Amerindian cultures that enhanced cultural diversity that allowed different cultures to coexist.
Taxi-cholo defines a bike-like taxi with a small motor and a cart that is attached at its back. A Taxi-cholo can only be occupied by two people at a time and is mainly used to transport people in Peru.
Mita was a compulsory public service that had been introduced in Peru by the Spanish colonial rulers.
Aillu was a traditional community that prevailed in Andes and it represented an indigenous type of government that ruled across the Andes region of Bolivia and Peru.
Tahuantinsuyu is the Incan term that is usually used to describe “a Territory of Four Regions” as well as what the Incan people termed as their empire.
Qolqas define traditional store houses built to allow for the storage of different items among the Inca people. The store houses were constructed through different designs as well as using different materials to suit different people in farms and royal estates.
Bull/ladder/cross cui describes a dramatic festival in Peru that was particularly adapted to exhibit conquest of traditional culture over the impact of colonial rulers.
Yacha is an Andean way of describing the concept of knowing as was used by the colonial rulers.
Aini refers to a nongovernmental organization that was founded in Peru in 1988 with the intention of empowering the traditional communities existing in the region.
Minka is a nonprofit organization that works in Peru, and it specializes in promoting economic development through supporting local projects.
Munay describes a range of empowerment rites that are usually integrated in Peruvian initiatory activities. This principle is usually employed to mean love and will and it describes a modern way of perpetuating the power of love.
Peru geography pertaining to place names
Lateritic soil refers to the soil types that are highly rich in iron and aluminum and are usually found in warm and wet tropical regions.
Quinoa refers to a certain grain crop that is usually nurtured purposely for its edible seed products.
Cosmology refers to the type of schoolwork that is concerned about the origin, progress and the ultimate destiny of the universe. It also refers to the scientific study of the cause, evolution and the ultimate destiny of the universe together with its large-scale features and dynamics as well as the empirical laws that regulate such realities.
Amaranth is a cosmopolitan perennial plant that is usually packed with flowers and is usually considered as an important food vegetable, cereal and ornamental product.
Tarwi is a type of a food plant that is closely linked to Lupine, which is an old species that was traditionally produced in southern Europe.
Biomes define features that are climatically and geographically perceived as being adjacent to each other, sharing uniform climatic conditions and often defined as ecosystems.
Inka trail describes certain overlapping trails that constitute to the longest route that has the greatest mountain and it links with the classic route joining Warmiwanusqa.
Yucca is a type of perennial shrubs comprising of 40-50 species in the family of Asparagaceae. The shrubs are renowned for being evergreen as well as having large panicles of white roses.
Intiuatani/ Intihuatana defines a ritual rock found in South America, which is closely linked to Incan astronomic calendar.
La Selva refers to the plain Amazonian regions that are situated in the Andean countries in Equador and Peru.
Altiplano, which can also be referred to as the Andean Plateau defines a high plain in South America with the Andes exhibiting their widest features.
Sacred Valley refers to a certain valley in Inca that is situated in the contemporary Peruvian region. It is also known as the Peruvian Andes.
Machu Picchu describes a prominent mountain that has a wide base and sharp peaks.
Sacsayhuaman fortress refers to the remains of Sacsayhuaman, which was a huge walled complex that was made of highly polished stones and was located outside the Cusco city.
Lake Titicaca refers to a certain lake in the Andes that is located between Peru and Bolivia. It is equally the greatest South American lake.
Puno refers to a city that is situated in Peru near Lake Titicaca. It is the major city within the Puno region and it has a population of close to 100,000 individuals.
Lima is the capital town of Peru that is situated in the Chillon Valley in the coastal region of Peru.
Cusco is a city that is located in the southeastern part of Peru and is the main city of Cusco region.
Juliaca is the capital town of the San Roman Province that is situated in the southeastern part of Peru.
Iquitos is the greatest city within the region of Peruvian rainforest as well as the capital town of Loreto region.
Cajamarca is the major city of the Cajamarca region that is situated within the northern highlands of Peruvian region.
Southern Cross describes a beautiful constellation that is found in the southern sky and is usually among the easiest constellations for someone to identify particularly in the night sky.
San Martin Plaza is a major and presentable public place that is situated in a historic location in Lima and it was declared a Peruvian national heritage in 1988.
A Floating Island describes a mass of hovering aquatic materials that can range from plants and mud and they usually prevail in phenomena that may be less man-made.
A Micro-climate defines a local climatic zone with a type of climate that may be distinct from the neighboring areas.
Papas – Potatoes is an indigenous cooked potato that is often used in Canary Islands and is usually served as a complement to meat dishes.
Torreon is a city in the state of Mexico that constitutes to the ninth biggest metropolitan region in the country.
La Costa refers to a plain region that lies among the Andean ranges and its coastal land decreases as one moves from the northern region of Andean ranges towards the sea.
La Sierra defines a Peruvian mountainous region that comprises of Peru’s finest attraction sites and historic colonial constructions.
Religion/spirituality pertaining to components and functionaries
A Religion defines a set of ordered beliefs relating to the relationship that ought to prevail between the ordinary and supernatural aspects of life as well as the role of natural beings in this relationship.
Syncretism refers to the process of integrating distinct beliefs that often seem contradictory, while mending practices of varying scholarly fields. It defines the fusion of analogizing various traditions and beliefs in theology and religion so as to perpetuate an underlying harmony that can enhance an inclusive approach to different faiths.
Coricancha/corachancha was an important temple that was in the form of an enclosed yard within the Inca Empire, and was primarily devoted to Inti, who was Incan Sun God.
Sacred/profane defines something that is devoted to a deity being to accomplish particular religious purpose particularly because that thing is associated with holiness.
Eschatology and Ethics are two concepts that are concerned with acceptable acts of humanity that are believed to render certain outcomes depending on the consequences of these acts. While eschatology describes acceptable acts that lead an individual to the rightful destiny of humanity, ethics describe acceptable acts that can enhance positive impact on members of the wider society.
A society defines a group of individuals that are engaged in a constant interpersonal interaction, living in a huge social category and sharing a common geographical or social region. Typically, a society comprises of individuals sharing the same political authority as well as central cultural expectations.
Culture defines the beliefs and customs of a particular society living in a particular place over a given period. The term encompasses the various aspects of human phenomena that cannot be directly linked to the genetic attributes of human society, but those relating to symbols, art, language, as well as imaginative and creative way of life.
A Culture area is a terms that is commonly used in cultural anthropology, and it describes a geographic region that is typically distinguished by a consistent environment and culture within a particular time sequence.
Horticulture defines a branch of agriculture that specializes with science, technology and commerce employed in intensive agricultural production for human use.
Agriculture, which can also be defined as farming, refers to the nurturing of animals and plants among other life forms for products that can be used to enhance human life.
Genocide refers to the organized obliteration of an entire or part of a social group. It defines any act of intent that may include murder as well as imposition of severe mental or physical harm with the aim of destroying an entire or part of a racial, ethnic or religious group.
World view describes the basic cognitive orientation that is usually obtained by a person or society and it usually describes his/her knowledge and viewpoint.
Foot plow describes a type of plough that is usually in the form of a spade and is usually used along with the foot to help plough the ground.
Social reform describes any attempt to correct cases of social injustices within any given society so as to help improve the quality of life.
Symbol defines an object that represents or suggests an idea that may be presented in the form of a sound, phrase or gesture to convey and idea or belief.
Ethics describe a branch of philosophy that is mainly concerned about the systematic defense and proposal of concepts that ought to be applied in the attempt to describe what is a right or wrong act thereby addressing conflicts that might prevail in moral diversity. ‘
Personal ethics refer to the primary principles that usually guide relationships between individuals. Acceptable personal ethics are those that are likely to enhance positive impact towards other people.
Social ethics define the moral principles that usually determine what can be termed as acceptable social conducts for a certain group of individuals or the society as a whole.
Personal transformation defines the process through which a person can alter his/her status that may be socially ascribed so as to attain a different status that is self-ascribed.
Social stratification is a concept that describes the process of categorizing people into various groups depending on shared social and economic attributes.
Individuals in community refer to individual persons existing within a given community. An individual in a community constitute to the primary unit upon which a society or a nation is normally built.