Sample Essay on Biological Bases of Behavior

Introduction

Topics on biological, social and intellectual human development are subject to the intensive study of the psychological perspectives. In fact, they are closely linked with increasing attention cognitive theories such as social cognitive approaches, self-efficacy, expectancy-value theory, attribution theory among many others. The science of psychology is fundamental to the society since it promote live. Psychological studies on the human behaviors and mental processes help to answer the questions of psychology and illuminate an understanding that improves the human world.

Body

Dennis, C. (2009). Training health visitors to identify and treat depressive symptoms with psychological approaches reduces postnatal depression. Evidence-Based Mental Health.

Dennis (2009) shows that humanistic and cognitive approaches are essential in solving human problems and making rational decisions on life-related matters. The memory researchers apply incline to the cognitive side to expand particular elements of the cognitive psychology. The memory structure is important in understanding the models of phobias and anxiety that alters the proportional storage of information (Dennis, 2009). By taking this perspective, the author shows various applications of the cognitive psychology, demonstrating the analytical approaches to dealing with depression. However, this study indicates that the information processing approached are limited to the empirical demonstration but typically explained through cognitive theory. The mind is unchanging entity with different memory operations occurring at different levels. Failing to provide the mechanisms for change and transfer of information, the current models may not be helpful in understanding the cognitive alterations and differences that are central elements of analyzing emotions.

 

Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. (2005). Choice Reviews Online, 42(07), 42-3796-42-3796

This article reviews the merits and demerits of different psychological perspectives. It is due to this reason that different perspectives are necessary for the understanding of psychology. Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology (2005) notes that their environments control people’s classical conditioning and the operant conditioning, whereby the former involves learning from association while the latter involves learning from the outcomes of behavior. Therefore, the science of psychology in building the free will to individuals is refuted. The psychodynamic perspective alludes that only a small portion of the human mind is visible. The development of human beings from the childhood to adulthood involves direct stimulations of different parts of the body, governed by the power of the brain. When the young creatures evaluate the dynamic the surroundings, it is easier to understand animals of the same sense. Accordingly, the article indicates that the science of psychology helps to adopt the code of conducts and to develop the appropriate behaviors.

 

Haig, B., & Borsboom, D. (2012). Truth, science, and psychology. Theory & Psychology, 22(3), 272-289.

Haig & Borsboom (2012) note that psychoanalysis has a brilliant explanatory on behaviors, explaining what happens and the cause of the event. The psychoanalytical theory has been tested scientifically and proves reliable in describing the mental processes and the human behaviors. Moreover, the article shows that the behavior principle is applicable in learning, running from the language acquisition to moral developments. Human beings, including animals, are controlled by the behaviorist principles that possess central assumptions derived from the environmental determinants. This article adopts the cognitive perspective, suggesting that the full prediction of the mental processes and the immediate response are unobtainable as a result of the large complexity of the environment and the biological influences. For instance, clinicians cannot measure the memory of a patient so as to determine whether the mode of thinking could vary in the next minute or hour (Haig & Borsboom, 2012). It indicates that perspective of psychology as a science is uncertain.

 

EDUCATION: Silicon Psychology. (2003). Science, 302(5648), 1125d-1125.

From this article, the contemporary approach to psychology are lenses that promote a better understanding of the mental and behavior characteristics of the human beings. It evaluates the characteristics that influence the individual’s psyche, fostering controversies that are investigated through the appropriate approaches. The behavioral approach of the human beings is more evident in children’s curiosity (Silicon Psychology, 2003). They have the tendency to ask ‘why.’ Psychologists apply the same technique to surface problems facing the society as well as the solutions to those problems. Again, this article indicates that the psychological science reveals means to decrease diseases, hence leading to a healthy society. Health providers such as doctors and nurses collaborate with psychological educators to make choices that help to improve recovery and learning abilities for students with learning disabilities. The pervasiveness of the science of psychology is also evident in courts where judges, magistrates, and lawyers apply the psychological knowledge to understand the minds of criminals, earthen on the evidence provided, and limit testimonies to prevent biased rulings

Frankenhuis, W., & Panchanathan, K. (2011). Individual Differences in Developmental Plasticity May Result From Stochastic Sampling. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(4), 336-347.

Frankenhuis & Panchanathan (2011) emphasizes on the constructivist approach to psychology as an important tool for clinical judgment. The clinicians estimate legitimate parameters when assessing the patient’s condition. From this perspective, the scientific knowledge is a core to health events and the probabilities of surviving the event. In fact, the author indicates that there is no universal law guiding on the outcome of a person suffering from a certain disease or going through severe sufferings. Therefore, the clinicians sets target to create meaning to the person’s life, thus producing reliable personal constructs. The most critical trait for this assessment is utility as opposed to the validity. Other elements of conducting this evaluation include identifying coherence through interview, observation, self-report and any other means of improving life. These data are borne in mind, hence contributing to length process of problem solving and decision-making. Therefore, Frankenhuis & Panchanathan (2011) underlines the contemporary application of the science of psychology.

References

Dennis, C. (2009). Training health visitors to identify and treat depressive symptoms with psychological approaches reduces postnatal depression. Evidence-Based Mental Health, 12(3), 83-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ebmh.12.3.83

EDUCATION: Silicon Psychology. (2003). Science, 302(5648), 1125d-1125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.302.5648.1125d

Encyclopedia of applied psychology. (2005). Choice Reviews Online, 42(07), 42-3796-42-3796.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5860/choice.42-3796

Frankenhuis, W., & Panchanathan, K. (2011). Individual Differences in Developmental Plasticity May Result From Stochastic Sampling. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(4), 336-347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691611412602

Haig, B., & Borsboom, D. (2012). Truth, science, and psychology. Theory & Psychology, 22(3), 272-289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959354311430442