Can Machines Think?
The advancement in technological innovation has impacted positively and negatively in the human. Virtually all elements of our life today have been computerised and the machines have guaranteed precision and accuracy. The health sector has also kept abreast especially when you consider modern Intensive Care Unit systems. The motor industry, agriculture and other sectors have also benefited from technology. Scholars have argued that in the near future machine will inevitably replace the human capital; however, others have argued that machines cannot replace humans because we have automated and created the machines. Machines have the ability to think but it is not absolute.
According to Turing (443) is critical whether humans can match machines when exposed to situations that draw a line between physical and intellectual capabilities. As such a machine cannot imitate what humans while humans can imitate. Humans think differently as opposed to machines that is why you can find more male engineers than female. Digital machines work similarly to human, this is so, when you look at store, executive and control unit of the digital machine and importantly its electrical, on the other hand, the human nervous system is also electrical and the only difference is on storage (Turing 450). I concur with the author that digital machines can do things and more specifically the discrete-state machines. By imitating a game or calculation a digital machine can predict a code or instructions when prompted.
On the other hand, Turin (463) refuses to ascribe to the thought that machines cannot think because of theological reasons in that immortality distinguishes the two. Thus, an argument that a machine does not have a soul is mute. A preposition that machines is dangerous and can be manipulated and result to harm on humans is also preconvinced. Under mathematical objection, although the proponents agree to the imitation game theory and discrete state objects however they argue that machines cannot do certain things on their own such as writing a sonnet or poetry of some sort.
I believe that computers can not think mainly because it requires a command from humans. It is difficult for a machine without being prompted or automated by man. I ponder whether a machine can create or make another machine as opposed to humans who think, innovate and make machines. Machines aids human creation (Minsky n.p). For instance, a machine imitates artificial intelligence of humans and only obeys command especially when equipped with programs and software to build the command. Inability to be creative is one of the reasons why machines cannot think. Just consider the great scholars of our time such as Einstein pr any other great inventors, they actually did the work from scratch, it was their ability to think and creativity that lead to these innovations (Minsky n.p). Humans learn and improve their skills as they mature and later develop new machines. Human craftsmanship cannot be machete by a computer or other machine.
Secondly, hardly would a machine solve a problem. Research on artificial intelligence has proved that machines cannot solve a problem. Programs have been installed in machines to enable them detect and prevent faulty problems however the same has never been achieved as conceived by Turing. Humans will first research on the issues and then create computer programs to solve the issues in future (Minsky n.p). Thirdly, machines lack consciousness and self awareness. Characteristically humans have common sense and can see things before they happen; it would be different to assume that a robot can undertake a task whiteout understanding its own capabilities. Think about censors in human minds that restraints us from prohibited acts and encourage good social behaviours then think about machines can they do.
I would illustrate how artificial intelligence has been adopted in the healthcare industry through intelligent technology in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). An example of a machine is the Intelligent Hospital ICU system that has features performing functions meant for human. First, it has a pneumatic tube system that checks the movement of specimen in and out of the Intensive Care Unit. The machine connects a patient with the system and relays information in a monitor and doctors or a nurse can view the information through a video camera. The machine is equipped with a sonogram which shows the performance of body organs and movements. As opposed to a human doctor who has to rely on a stethoscope and other tests the machine provide instant results.
The Intensive Care Unit integrated system in comparison to other machines is dependent on human mind and it normally collapse. The machines rewire technical care of humans because many encounter technical difficulties which have to be resolved by human as it cannot think out of Therefore, I believe that as much as development in technology and creation of machines has formed an impression that machines can replace humans on the contrary the machines rely on humans significantly and can only think by imitating human intelligence.
Minsky, Marvin. “Why People Think Computers Can’t”. AI Magazine 3.4 (1982).