Sample Essay on Contrast NGO Environments


A Non-Government Organization (NGO) refers to a corporation established by persons privately without participation and representation by the government. It is however legally constituted to allow full or partial funding by the government. Nevertheless, government representatives are not allowed to be part of the firm as a Non-Government Organization (NGO) ought to maintain its non-governmental status (Simon, 2001). Operational Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) are therefore designed to implement projects related to growth and development. The projects can be either relief or improvement oriented. They are classified depending on how they stress service delivery systems and participation. Religious versus secular as well as public versus private orientations also influence how they are classified. Thus, operational Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) can be community or national based in order to provide relief and foster growth and development on socioeconomic and environmental aspects. Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) include, international, business, and environmental, oriented. Others include quasi-autonomous, technical assistance, and government operated Non-Government Organizations (NGO) (Klaus, 2013).

Economic Factors Motivating NGOs and the Government to Cooperate

Focusing on International Monetary Fund and World Bank among other multilateral organizations, it is evident Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) are determined to commence growth and development projects. In South Africa, the country lacks faith in the government to commence and operate development organizations. As a result, the country relies heavily on western donors forming various groups of Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) (Haynes, 2013).

Consequently, there is an increased need for the South African government to reduce national budget. This is aimed at meeting and fulfilling social, education, health, and environmental needs and demands in the country. More so, local authorities in the country are required to provide these services and demands with little or no resources allocated by government to congregate them. This is because the government believes and desires to share the financial burden with Non-Government Organizations (NGOs). The voluntary sectors in the country are more viable in attracting funding, donors, and support. They are therefore tasked in collaborating with the government in order to increase the ability to deliver these basic services. As a result, the South African government acknowledges lower cost and added value of voluntary sector supports growth and development plans in the country (Balderston, 2012).

During a new administration or era, the South African government’s desire and ability to expand its role through civil societies and citizens increases. Private sectors, the State, and civil societies are developed in order to solve complex socioeconomic and environmental issues in the country effectively and efficiently. Consequently, social capital with regards to the will and capacity of citizens to engage in public affairs increases and expands. This is regarded as an essential accompaniment crucial to achieve growth and development with regards to economic, environmental, political, and social elements. It is therefore evident that, public benefits rather than the profits gained motivate voluntary sector to undertake humanitarian endeavors. More importantly, decision making procedures are acknowledged as vital tools in generating new reforms, policies, and social consensus (Randolph, Justin & Alice, 2013).

Advantages of NGOs and the Government Cooperating

Developing a relationship between the government and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) encourages a country to reap various benefits. In South Africa, a strong and clearly defined relationship between Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) or voluntary sector and the government has led to improvement and expansion of public and private awareness. Citizens are now aware that, the government and voluntary sectors ought to collaborate in order to provide and meet their needs effectively and efficiently. Secondly, the government and Non-Government Organization (NGO) relationship has greatly mobilized available resources. This strategy is connected to the relationship’s goals and objectives. In South Africa, the main endeavor involves solving social problems in the country in order to meet citizens’ desires, wants, demands, and needs on socioeconomic, environmental, and political elements. This has further led to development of programs targeting to provide services benefiting citizens. For example, UNAID provides reports that are strategically utilized plan humanitarian mechanisms to reduce HIV/AIDS infections among citizens. The UNAID program therefore makes decisions targeting people across diverse races, religions, and social classes. It imparts them with knowledge and skills to utilize to avoid being infected in order to change the discourse of the disease affecting their cultural, economic, social, and political elements (Randolph, Justin & Alice, 2013).

Mechanisms for NGOs and the Government to Cooperate

The most common mechanism applied by Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and the government to develop a cooperative relationship involves incorporation of user groups. The user groups are incorporated across specific projects. For example, International Monetary Fund (IMF) is incorporated in projects tasked in improving and expanding financial resources. In South Africa, the government relies on International Monetary Fund (IMF) to deliver funds to improve quality and standards of healthcare services in the country. The second mechanism involves the government and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) working jointly on specific projects. For example, World Bank and the South African government work jointly together to ensure the country’s Gross Domestic Production (GDP) increases and expand to reduce levels of poverty and improve qualities and standards of living. Thus, framework agreements are also mechanisms utilized to achieve cooperation between the government and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs). Lastly, policy mechanism influences how the government and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) make decisions in formulating and implementing strategies to achieve socioeconomic growth and development (Randolph, Justin & Alice, 2013).

It is however crucial for the government and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) to focus on various frameworks affecting the relationship. Foremost, a flexible legal framework should be adopted respecting diversity in order to achieve growth and development. Consequently, the government should provide support and sign contracts allowing Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) to implement policies aimed at changing socioeconomic aspects in the country. Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) should therefore involve the government in the decision making process to ensure both parties are in agreement of the policies formulated. Lastly, the government should provide Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) with local mechanisms to implement the policies. This ensures the relationship achieves transparency, accountability, and cooperation. Consequently, interests, needs, and elements of cooperation between the government and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) are not politicized ensuring balanced growth and developments are achieved.  In order for the government and Non-Government Organization (NGO) relationship to last, close and deep information ought to be shared between the parties. Thus, the parties should utilize clear, direct, and diverse communication channels among targeted groups to evaluate socioeconomic benefits achieved (Mark, 2004).


The government and Non-Government Organization (NGO) relationship can therefore be productive and beneficial. It is however crucial to develop a relationship focusing on social, economic, political, and environmental mechanisms likely to hinder its prosperity. These mechanisms are vital in maintaining balance to achieve growth and development through transparency and accountability. Consequently, both parties can trust each other and work together towards the common goal of solving and improving nation’s economic, environmental, political, and environmental issues. The government and Non-Government Organizations (NGO) relationship can therefore achieve humanitarian endeavors through strategic planning to solve ambiguous issues affecting global nations. With regards to South Africa, the Non-Government Organizations (NGO) and government relationship has been productive on various aspects. For example, rural urban migration has been controlled. This has ensured urban environments and resources are neither burdened nor depleted. Consequently, HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in the country are under control as the relationship is keen in managing and decreasing infection rates in the country. Ultimately, articulate relationships between Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and the government on elements affecting global futures are beneficial as they record positive influences and changes. Thus, the productive relationship between governments and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) should be encouraged.



Balderston, K. (2012). Creating Value through Uncommon Alliances, Stanford Social Innovation Review, Stanford University Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society.

Haynes, J. (2013). Faith Based Organizations, Development and the World Bank, International Development Policy: Religion and Development, Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.

Klaus, S. (2013). The Future Role of Civil Society, World Economic Forum.

Mark, J. (2004). Ambiguity and Change: Humanitarian NGOs Prepare for the Future, The Feinstein International Famine Center Tufts University.

Randolph, K., Justin, A., & Alice, O. (2013). The Future of Non-Governmental Organizations in the Humanitarian Sector:  Global Transformations and Their Consequences, Humanitarian Futures Program Discussion Paper for the Start Network

Simon, H. (2001). NGOS and the Private Sector, NGO Policy Briefing Paper.