Sample Essay on Emergence of the United States as a Superpower

Emergence of the United States as a Superpower

  1. 2. How did the United States emerge as a world power by 1914? Be specific—discuss the example of the Panama Canal, the liberation of Cuba in the Spanish American War and subsequent “imperialist” kinds of actions

Panama Canal construction

The construction of the Panama Canal by the United States played a critical role in transformation of the America to be a world superpower. President Roosevelt’s plan of building the Panama Canal both as a business hub and a strategy of defense coupled with well-calculated diplomatic engagements of the US and the west were fundamental in putting the US in the forefront as the world power house.

The Panama Canal was opened by the US in 1914. The Americans used their innovations and technology to connect two world’s largest oceans, the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean, a venture that France, failed to achieve making the US a world powerhouse. The US signed a treaty with the Britain, the then world power, to allow it to build the canal and seize its control with its naval army. The treaty also allowed the US to have a say over the regional politics. However, the Colombian senate opposed the decision thus making the U.S. to help panama secure its independence from Colombia. The Panamas’ were happy with the U.S. support, thus giving it control over the canal.

The canal was a strategic point for sailing of the U.S. navy ships, a fact that made the U.S. to have a big control and influence during the world wars. The defense capabilities of the U.S. advanced since it enabled it to respond to war emergencies swiftly. This also made its role in the world wars to be crucial. The canal boosted the trade in U.S. since more revenue was realized through the reduction of the distance to the market, and made it easy for the supply of raw materials. This made the American economy to grow tremendously thus becoming a world power.

The US-Spain War

The US declared war on Spain in 1989 to help Cuba secure its independence from France. This aspect helped to seize control of the Caribbean nations. The US forces joined hands with Cuban troops in San Diego. The Americans decided to join Cuba as a strategy to maximize its security benefits and engagements in cost effective calculations so as not to overspend in war with Spain. Besides gaining regional dominance, the victory was a boost to the U.S. security and trade, widening its market in the Caribbean and pacific region. It built a military base in Cuba. The unfolding of events made the U.S. to send a message to the world that it would deal with anybody who would attempt to build an empire in its territory.

Imperialism and the United States power

The U.S. imperialism involves the use of Military, economic and cultural influence in seeking dominance and control over other countries. The influence always goes in hand with the expansion of its territories to foreign lands, thus forming a big empire. The American dominance and imperialism was always achieved through establishment of economic sanctions on the perceived enemies. A good example is the USSR where the US used the strategy of containment to end its communistic ideologies and its dominance in the world. The US also used the techniques to sign treaties that enabled it to have a say over the territories that were acquired and even intervene in the event that they felt the new empires were unstable. During the world wars, the U.S. used its military power to place itself on the international frontier as the world powerhouse by detonation of the atomic bombs that helped the second world wars come to an end. The capitalistic nature of the U.S. and the culture of spending was spread in the world, thus creating a large global market for the U.S. product, a fact that made it receive a lot of revenue from the sale of its products abroad.