Hazard refers to any activity, process or phenomenon that causes risk to human life, and property or creates an adverse impact upon the environment. It is hard to prevent such events since they occur abruptly and they may happen in large magnitude. However, it is possible to manage and to reduce the risk involved. There are various types of hazards such as physical, chemical, biological, psychological and ergonomic , which are divided depending on the cause and the nature of the risk they cause (Godschalk, 1999).
To secure human life, property and the environment, mitigating hazards is an important issue to consider.. Regardless of the cause, the state or community is expected to ensure the safety of people and their property in case the hazard occured. The understanding and the correct application of various hazard mitigation methods is a key factor in saving human lives, preventing property destruction and avoiding unfavorable outcomes in the future.
Hazard Mitigation Process
The first stage in mitigating hazards is assessing the hazard, gathering information about the hazard, and interacting with possible victims. Additionally, it includes identifying stakeholders who have an interest in reducing the threat and availing the technical expertise required. It is essential to take a consultation with the professionals who have required knowledge in the field that is linked with the source of the hazard to ensure that the best approach is taken in the process Assessing risks, consequences and the geographical coverage of the impacts in case of occurrence is an important step in mitigating them. The area coverage will dictate the amount of resources required to mitigate and to reduce the adverse effects. Further, projecting the risks enables evaluation of the stakeholders and experts required to handle the situation comfortably. The state or community must also identify the vulnerable people and property that are likely to suffer from the projected hazards.
It is important to build a mitigation plan that will involve proper allocation of required resources. This means that all possible risks must be considered and evaluated. The implementation of the developed plan will ensure a correct and rational usage of the resources as well as make it easier to overcome the hazard issue, since all mitigation steps will be included and paid enough attention to.(Smith, 2013). In order to prevent hazards in the future, a set of strategies must be created to simplify the process of possible mitigation for the disasters that are likely to happen.
Importance of Hazard Mitigation
. The majority of hazards pose a threat to the well-being of people, property, and the environment. Thus, their mitigation is crucial in protecting lives and assets (Smith, 2013). All hazards have short term and long term effects to the affected people and correct mitigationensures that both of them will be eliminated with the minimal damages. . Obviously, hazards often cause fatal outcomes, which transform into social an economical decline. Therefore, it is important to mitigate the occurrence of the hazards to ensure people will live comfortably
Hazards can never be prevented from occurring However, the only thing possible is to reduce the poor results in case they actually happened. Hazards pose a threat to the well-being of people, property, and the environment. Thus, mitigation of hazards is crucial within the society. The state or community has a responsibility to ensure that all of the necessary measures are taken, all of the competent people are available and the rest of the population is prepared.
Godschalk, D. R. (1999). Natural hazard mitigation: Recasting disaster policy and planning. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Smith, K. (2013). Environmental hazards: Assessing risk and reducing disaster. London: Routledge.