Sample Essay on Human Trafficking In Mozambique

Article Review

“Human Trafficking in Mozambique: Root Causes and Recommendations”. UNESCO, Policy Paper Poverty Series, No. 14.1 (E).

Human trafficking involves the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons through threats or use of force among other forms of coercion, such as fraud, deception, or abuse of power to influence the consent of a person for the purpose of exploitation. Different forms of exploitation in human trafficking include prostitution, child labor services, and servitude. In Mozambique, sexual exploitation and forced labor are the main intentions of human trafficking. There are several trafficking networks in the nation, based at transit houses between South Africa and Mozambique that use minivan taxis in their operations. In most cases, such taxis are used in transporting Mozambicans visiting relatives in other nations because of their cheap transport costs. Young women and other possible victims hoping to secure employment opportunities or visit relatives in South Africa are passively enlisted at the taxi stands. The trafficking agents persuade the individuals to get into the taxis, who suspect nothing during departure. Once the victims stop at the accommodation transits, they are separated from the rest of the passengers and the process of exploitation begins. The most affected population, which falls prey to human trafficking, are refugees.

The main reason behind the onslaught of human trafficking in Mozambique is the convenient availability of the victims. Women and girls are more susceptible to human trafficking, particularly because of their naivety and the demand for sex workers. The increased demand for labor, sex workers, and human organs has greatly impacted the escalating rates of human trafficking in Mozambique. Supply and demand have enhanced high profits for the players and low risks involved in the business as a result of lenient border protocols have made their work easier.

Another cause of high human trafficking levels in Mozambique includes the push and pull factors. Poverty is one of the push factors; hence, individuals engage in such activities as a means of survival. Such conditions expose many people to fall prey to human traffickers knowingly or unknowingly. The myth that HIV/AIDs can be cured by having sex with a virgin has increased demand for young girls and women in the illegal trade. Some body organs, such as genitals are also believed to cure HIV and AIDs as well as impotence.

Discriminatory cultural practices, such as early marriages and oppressed women’s rights have made women vulnerable to human trafficking. Other factors contributing to human trafficking in Mozambique are child labor, high demand for organ transplants, as well as the lack of awareness on the issue.

Several recommendations have been put forth to address the subject of human trafficking in Mozambique. Campaigns against human trafficking need to be instituted, for instance, signing, ratifying, and implementing the United National Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking of persons, especially women and children. This is aimed at combating commercial exploitation of children through trafficking.

Prevention approaches, through a national legislation, should be established to address the issue of human trafficking in Mozambique. It will provide support and empowerment of young people and women in raising awareness.

The government and other stakeholders also need to establish preventive measures, particularly to help women and children who are likely to become victims of human trafficking. This can be attained through training entities and law enforcing officers whose task is safeguarding people. Education and training are also important campaigns against human trafficking in the nation. They can be attained through effective studies and data collection on preventive approaches to address human trafficking.

The subject of human trafficking in Mozambique is an issue that can be controlled. With efforts from the government, local communities, and cooperation from destination nations, human trafficking can be terminated to promote the safety of people, particularly children and women who are major victims of the menace.


“Human Trafficking in Mozambique: Root Causes and Recommendations”. UNESCO, Policy Paper Poverty Series, No. 14.1 (E).