Sample Essay on Importance of Physical Activity during Pregnancy

Importance of physical activity during pregnancy
Abstract
Health-related topics are often overlooked as many scholars shy away citing an array of reasons, key among them being that these topics are not easy to identify in the broad data sets available. This paper, therefore, explores the rationale behind physical activity during pregnancy.
Keywords: physical activity, pregnancy, exercise, pregnant women

Importance of physical activity during pregnancy
There is more to physical activity than the mere bodily movement emanating from skeletal muscles. It is a holistic process that involves human physical, mental and psychological aspects. Daily physical activity boosts body fitness and health as well as preventing and reducing chronic diseases risks. This activity should, however, be well planned and integrated into daily schedules as opposed to random exercises as it only becomes effective if well planned. Subsequently, physical activity during pregnancy is beneficial both the unborn child and the mother. It ultimately reduces infant mortality rate. Physical activity amid pregnancy has been proposed to have various medical advantages over the life course of those involved, mother and child to be precise. Being physically dynamic amid pregnancy is connected with the diminished danger of unfavorable pregnancy and conception results, such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and preterm conception to name but a few (Thompson, Vamos, & Daley, 2015). In line with this, The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) stipulated that pregnant women should set aside at least 30 minutes each day to exercise unless advised otherwise by their doctors in case of medical complications.
Physical activities for pregnant women involves moderately intense exercises such as energetic strolling that maintain the heart and lungs in a healthy condition. It also enhances the mothers’ temperament all through the baby blues period. Once the baby is born, the mother is expected to maintain a solid weight which when consolidated with a low calories diet is instrumental in weight reduction. Weight management varies across an array of factors whereby some people may be required to be active more than others. This predicament, therefore, calls for planning and professional advice. The most common activities for weight management is modest intensity aerobic activities, enthusiastic intensity aerobic activities or a perfect mix of the two depending on the underlying factors. Pregnant women are subjected to unwanted weight gains due to the immobility and break from their daily schedules. Pregnant have also been reported to change their meal times and eating patterns with most of them resolving to take their meals very late in the night. Studies and controlled experiments assert that people are more likely to gain weight from meals taken late in the night than those taken during the day. Pregnant women are consequently required to put in more work in physical activity to manage their weight.
Body weight is defined by body mass index that is fundamentally a measure of how overweight one is and is calculated using weight and height. Approximately more than 20 percent of all pregnant women in the world have a body mass index of 30 or above which is the average index (Clinic). It is also worth noting that extensive physical activity during pregnancy in a bid to stay in shape and lose a lot of weights could result in some complications. The best way to protect the mother’s health and that of the baby is to engage in moderate physical activities. Overweight pregnant mothers are more susceptible to miscarriages, blood clots, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia and shoulder dystocia. Statistically, 20 percent of the women with a body mass index higher than 30 have a 25 percent risk of ending up in a miscarriage. Shoulder dystocia is a situation where the baby’s shoulder is stuck during labor. Most overweight women also bleed heavier than normal during birth.
According to World Health Organization publications, heart diseases are the leading causes of death in developed countries (WHO, 2014). Adequate aerobic activity and a perfect mix of physical activity, however, pull down the risks of these cardiovascular diseases. Physical activity, especially during pregnancy, has been proven to reduce blood pressure and also progress levels of cholesterol. Physical activity on a regular basis can lessen the danger of type 2 diabetes not to mention metabolic disorder also clinically referred to as metabolic syndrome. The disorder is a condition in which there is a blend of an excessive amount of fat around the waist, hypertension, or high glucose. The more the physical activity, the lower the rate of these conditions. In sports, impacts of resistance preparation joined with moderate-power continuance or low-volume high-force interim activity on cardiovascular danger variables in patients with coronary vein infection (Kolt, 2015).
Healthy pregnancy, therefore, needs women to take part in physical activities regularly. Blends of moderate and incredible force actions can be performed to meet these rules. One can, for instance, stroll energetically for 30 minutes twice during the week and after that run for 20 minutes on two different days. Moderate-force oxygen was consuming physical action, which is, for the most part, proportionate to an energetic walk and discernibly quickens the heart rate, can be aggregated toward the 30 minutes least from sessions enduring 10 or more minutes. Vigorous-force movement is exemplified by running and causes quick breathing and a significant increment in heart rate.
Cancer is an unusual development of cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer, including bosom tumor, skin disease, lung growth, prostate disease, and lymphoma. Symptoms and treatment procedures fluctuate contingent upon the category and stage. Treatment may incorporate chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Pregnant mothers across the world have been reported to succumb to cancer in various pregnancy stages. Being physically dynamic, however, brings down the danger for two sorts of cancer: colon and bosom. Exploration demonstrates that physically dynamic individuals have a lower danger of lung tumor than do individuals who are not dynamic. Physically dynamic ladies have a lower danger of bosom tumor than do individuals who are not dynamic.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends regular physical activities for pregnant women as it decreases the danger of endometrial and lung malignancy. In spite of the lack of empirical evidence and conclusive experiments, a few discoveries propose that the danger of endometrial growth and lung tumor may be lower on the off chance to those who get consistent physical movement contrasted with individuals who are not dynamic. In the event of cancer survivors, physical activity helps to enhance personal satisfaction. The standard physical activity gives the person a superior personal satisfaction and enhances their physical wellness.
The Journal of the National Cancer Institute conducted a study to figure out if ladies below the age of 40 and had consistently partaken in physical exercises amid their conceptive years had a lessened danger of breast cancer (L, BE, & R, 1994). The school of thought was that the ovarian hormones may be a determinant of breast cancer hazard, and physical action appears to adjust ovarian hormonal generation, therefore diminishing breast malignancy hazard.
During pregnancy, it’s imperative to secure their bones, joints, and muscles. Strong bones and muscles are instrumental in bolstering their bodies and also in movement. They are also able to carry out their daily chores and prevent fatigue. Muscle- fortifying and bone-reinforcing physical activity of no less than a tolerably extraordinary level can moderate the loss of bone thickness that accompanies pregnancy. Additionally, pregnant mothers are susceptible to hip crack, a genuine wellbeing condition that can have extraordinary negative impacts. Be that as it may, research demonstrates that mothers who do 120 to 300 minutes of in any event moderate-force high-impact activities every week have a lower danger of hip break.
Standard physical action helps with joint inflammation and different conditions influencing the joints. In the event of joint pains, physical activity of moderate-power, low-affect oxygen consuming movement cannot just enhance the capacity to oversee torment and do regular assignments. However, it can likewise improve pregnant mothers’ personal satisfaction. Muscle-fortifying exercises help in maintaining muscle mass. Gradually expanding the measure of weight and number of reiterations one does will give them considerably more advantages, regardless of their age and pregnancy period.
Pregnancy is characterized by hormonal changes that affect pregnant women’s psychological moods and general appearance. The mood swings could even affect their interactions and personal relationships with their colleagues, relatives, and friends. Fortunately, general physical activity boosts judgment abilities, brightens their mood and helps to curb the hormonal changes side effects. It can likewise lessen the danger of wretchedness and may enhance better sleep. All these external advantages can be achieved by the fortified regular physical activity. Some logical proof has likewise demonstrated that even lower levels of physical movement can be valuable.
As mentioned above, physical activity during pregnancy gives physical and mental advantages to both the mother and the unborn child. With up to 60 percent of the pregnant women being inactive, there is a high risk of adverse consequences (MS & PJ., 2000). The review did not conclusively enumerate physical activity designs among expectant mothers by use of well sought and authenticated measures and models, but there was consistent evidence that reduced physical activity during pregnancy resulted in complications not to mention inactivity being linked with bad mood.
It is evident that universal guiding principles endorse not less than thirty minutes a week of moderate physical activity for solid pregnant ladies. Nonetheless, most ladies don’t meet these proposals either due to sheer ignorance or lack of knowledge. There exists an informational asymmetry gap between developing and developed countries on the importance of physical education during pregnancy. The fact that there is no extensive research in this field also poses a great challenge. Many theories, proposals, and suggestions are dismissed as myths due to lack empirical evidence. There is little research for instance on the role and relationship of physical activity and the unborn baby’s physical health and wellbeing. A healthy mother arguably increases the chances of giving birth to a healthy baby but whereas this might be true, lack of empirical evidence may hinder its prevalence. Despite the setbacks, it is evident that physical activity is an effective way of reducing and preventing hostile health risks.
Far-reaching research indicates that physical activity diminishes throughout the pregnancy period (Currie, Sinclair, & Murphy, 2013). According to findings of this and similar research papers, low levels of physical activity are connected with unnecessary weight addition that in turn expand danger of pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertension issue, and conveyance by cesarean segment and stillbirth. Orderly surveys on physical activity amid pregnancy have not investigated the adequacy of conduct change procedures or related hypothesis in modifying physical address conduct. This efficient audit assessed the substance of physical activity intercessions to lessen the decrease of physical activity in pregnant ladies with a particular accentuation on the conduct change methods utilized to inspire this change.
Findings from scholarly research papers on health related topics indicate that approximately more than 50 percent of the adult population in the European Union region and America are obese that is to say they have a body mass index higher than 30. Maternal obesity exposes the health of pregnant mothers to various diseases as discussed above. Needless to say, maternal obesity also increases the health risks of unborn babies as it could impair the development of the unborn babies. Women who are already overweight at the time of conceiving are prone to gain more weight during pregnancy. Those who were not partaking in any physical activities before conceiving are not likely to start doing so upon conceiving. Persistent weight gain during pregnancy can be catastrophic.
On the other hand, many people from developing countries are underweight that is equally catastrophic. Unlike their counterparts from the developed countries, these people lack the means and knowledge on physical activity. It must be noted that physical activity is not limited to one domain but encompasses a very wide range including sports and occupational activities. In these countries, physical activity may not be as effective due to other prevailing negative factors with some cases of pregnant women having to take up hard labor chores up until too late into their pregnancies.
Echoing previous studies in this field, physically active women are characterized by enhanced stamina and jovial mood throughout the maternal periods. There are few if any cases of nausea or fatigue among these women. Pregnancy offers a chance to promote well-being, instill progressive health behaviors and most importantly it is a key aspect of reproduction. This open door has been marked as an ‘assertive minute’ in a lady’s life, as an impression of individual danger is expanded. Also, compelling, passionate reactions and a re-meaning of their social part and obligation happens subsequently; pregnant ladies have a tendency to be more persuaded to embrace positive wellbeing practices, such as physical action. In light of these advantages and the clear open doors offered by pregnancy, physical activity should be frequently higher in pregnant ladies than in the all-inclusive community.
The distinguishing proof of the ideal conduct change procedures important for expanding physical activity has been a subject of significant exploration consideration. Essential strategies have been recognized, these incorporate; giving data on the reasonable outcomes of particular conduct, activity arranging, strengthening exertion or advancement, giving directions, facilitative social examination and time administration. The relative estimation of each of these procedures is prone to rely on upon the populace being referred to, and fruitful conduct of change may contrast for a pregnant lady contrasted with a non-pregnant lady since this is a novel time in her life when she may be more responsive to wellbeing advancement.
The bid to promote healthy maternal lifestyles and realize full benefits of physical activity necessitates numerous. A hefty portion of these is multidimensional, consolidating a mix of the way of life elements. Less concentration on physical activity as a result of inside intercessions is apparent in existing audits, which, for the most part, utilize restorative or obstetric results, for instance, gestational weight picks up, gestational diabetes mellitus or preeclampsia. Audits frequently overlook a thought of the particular conduct change strategies utilized or applicable hypotheses underlying the intercession. This makes it troublesome to comprehend the key, transferable, intercession segments, in this manner anticipating speculation of discoveries inside of this specific setting. Intercessions and their parts frequently have a hypothetical premise as a method for comprehension, anticipating and clarifying focused on conduct change. Social psychological hypotheses have given the premise to some the physical action intercessions reported in the writing. Perceiving the determinants of practices also clarifying how these determinants impact consequent conduct is central to intercession improvement and execution. Modern day audits of physical activity intercessions during pregnancy are therefore tasked with research on how the utilization of behavioral change management may add to a diminishment in the decrease in physical activity with propelling pregnancy. Along these lines, the audit can be embraced to assess the substance of physical activity mediations to decrease the decay of physical address in pregnant ladies with a particular accentuation on the conduct change systems that were utilized to evoke this change. Use of behavior change techniques contributes to a reduction in the decline in physical activity with advancing pregnancy.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists suggests that ladies with normal pregnancies partake in moderate-force activity amid their pregnancy (Lewis, Avery, Jennings, & Sherwood, 2008). As of then, just 15.1% of pregnant ladies exercised at the prescribed levels, which is essentially lower than the all-inclusive community’s 45%. One potential reason is that practice amid pregnancy is seen as hazardous. In the findings, it became evident that a basic audit of the writing analyzing the impact of an activity on preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, weight pick up, work and conception, and different issues connected with pregnancy. By and large, the confirmation demonstrates that practice amid pregnancy is sheltered and maybe even lessens the danger of preeclampsia and gestational diabetes(Brown, 2005). The proof for weight pick up and work, and conception is blended. Shockingly, a significant part of the examination looking at activity amid pregnancy is observational, and the few randomized controlled trials that do exist are little and deficiently fueled. Taken together, given the potential advantages of activity amid pregnancy and the absence of confirmation of hurtful consequences for the mother and infant, experts ought to empower their sound pregnant patients to work out. Rules for prescribing activity to pregnant ladies should be introduced.
In conclusion, hypothetical constructs are helpful devices for analyzing the importance of physical activity particularly in an extraordinary populace, for example, pregnant ladies. Future work ought to execute multi-level, hypothesis-based determinants of wellbeing conduct into advancement health intercessions focused on expanding physical activity during pregnancy, which is prominently adaptable to conduct change. Enhancing levels of physical activity during this period can have positive wellbeing results for ladies over the life course. Upon the backdrop above, physical activity stood out as an imperative aspect of both individual and populace health.

References
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Clinic, M. (n.d.). Book of Alternative Medicine. New York: Mayo Clinic.
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