Sample Essay on NGOs around the World

NGOs around the World
Introduction
NGOs in South Africa just as those in other parts of the world do not exist in isolation. These entities exist as part of a specific mission or objective to serve the interests of the community. For NGOs in South Africa to operate effectively, it is important that they engage in a continuous process of interacting with the surrounding environment (Claeye, 2014). The main objective of this paper is to provide an understanding of the types and mission of NGOs in South Africa. In addition, the paper will address the relationship between the geopolitical environment and the work of NGOs in South Africa.
Types of NGOs in South Africa
There are NGOs in South Africa that handle health and social life matters such as HIV/AIDs, gender, violence and stigma. This is based on the assertion that HIV/AIDS is currently a public health issue considering that South Africa has been experiencing an increase in maternal and child mortality rates resulting from AIDS related complications since 1990s (Dernberger, 2014). NGOs such as the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) have been active participants in HIV related maters in the country considering that AIDS accounts for about 42% of maternal deaths and 35% of the deaths of children below the age of 5 years old (Dernberger, 2014). USAID, for instance, has played an active role in creating awareness on the dangers related to the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, the policies and initiatives that the government of South Africa must introduce to reduce the prevalence of the disease and to mitigate the devastating impact of the disease on the most affected citizens (Dernberger, 2014).
Other NGOs also play an essential role in the improvement of the livelihoods and health of different communities in South Africa. These organizations include those that focus on matters related to health such as the African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF) (Amandla Development, 2012). The South African Red Cross forms part of major humanitarian organizations in the country, which serve the purpose of improving the livelihoods of the most vulnerable in the society while at the same time working in close association with the government of South Africa to improve the capacity of the country in responding to disasters wherever they occur or to prevent them from occurring (Claeye, 2014). There are also NGOs that focus on the matters related to governance, promotion of civil liberties and democracy in South Africa. These include the human rights organizations that form part of the civil society in the country (Dernberger, 2014).
Mission of NGOs in South Africa
The desire to alleviate human suffering for the most vulnerable in the society forms an integral part of the mission of humanitarian and medical NGOs in South Africa. This is largely based on the assertion that South Africa is largely a capitalist society with minority wealthy and majority poor (Amandla Development, 2012). This divide creates the desire to ensure that the majority poor are provided with the necessary means to help mitigate their suffering. It is important to note that the emergence and stability of NGOs especially the civil society in South Africa has since the years of apartheid government been on the rise (Claeye, 2014). This is largely because numerous events and initiatives have been focused on the desire to create a relatively equal society characterized by sound laws that advocate for the rights of every member of the society (Amandla Development, 2012). Through this mission, the need to improve governance, the relationship between the government and its citizens, and the need to ensure that the civil society is involved in major decision making processes defines the role of politically and human rights motivated NGOs in South Africa (Dernberger, 2014).
Civil society groups in South Africa such as the People’s Power. People’s Parliament has been active in rallying the government to introduce policies and legislations whose main aim is to address the overwhelming development challenges such as poverty, education and health among other economic, political and societal challenges (Claeye, 2014). Civil societies also advocate against an increase in vices such as corruption and laxity among government officials, which result in low service delivery in different sectors of the economy hence the increase in the instances of social unrest within the country (Dernberger, 2014).
The National Development Plan 2030 of South Africa requires the input of different stakeholders to help in mitigating prevalence of different societal vices. This explains why NGOs in South Africa are relatively united towards the development of a common agenda on the improvement of livelihoods and governance of South Africa (Claeye, 2014). Given the size of the NGO sector in the country and the wide scope of their services and activities, it has become the responsibility of the NGOs to fill in gaps in areas where government is unable to provide the much needed services. NGOs such as the Rape Crisis in Cape Town provide services to rape victims while those such Project Literacy provide basic education to the adult population the country to bridge the education gap (Amandla Development, 2012).
NGOs and geopolitical environment in South Africa
The government of South Africa under President Zuma has been considered relatively inactive in supporting the initiatives of NGOs. This is because failure by different government agencies to provide financial, political and social support to the NGOs has resulted in the provision of limited services and in some areas, NGOs have ceased their operations (Ramutsindela et al, 2014). This has been blamed on among other factors the desire of the government to diminish the popularity of the organizations for political gain (Dernberger, 2014). The desire by the NGOs to take over roles previously held by the government seems to decrease the popularity of the government among the citizens hence diminishing the possibility of the reigning African National Congress (ANC) from gaining political power and support from the citizens (Ramutsindela et al, 2014).
Conclusion
The types and mission of NGOs are varied and dependent on their mandate in South Africa. There are NGOs in South Africa that handle health and social life related matters such as HIV/AIDs, gender, violence and stigma. Other NGOs play an essential role in the improvement of the livelihoods and health of different communities in South Africa these include the AMREF and the Red Cross. The mission of NGOs revolves around the desire to alleviate human suffering for the most vulnerable in the society. This is largely based on the assertion that South Africa is largely a capitalist society with minority wealthy and majority poor. The prevailing geopolitical environment in South Africa makes it relatively difficult for some NGOs to execute their mandate due limited financial resources and unfriendly political situations.

References
Amandla Development. (2012). NGOs, Education and Opportunity in South Africa: An Analysis
of Macro and Industry Trends and Capacity Needs. Amandla Development Organizations.
Claeye, F. (2014). Managing Nongovernmental Organizations: Culture, Power and Resistance.
Routledge
Dernberger, B. (2014). A Fluid Two- Way Street: South African HIV/AIDS NGOs and their
Environment. Grand Valley State University
Ramutsindela, M., Spierenburg, M & Wels, H. (2013). Sponsoring Nature: Environmental
Philanthropy for Conservation. Routledge