Background and Context
Palestinians have for a long time been aspiring to have their independent state, with Arab Jerusalem being their capital. This, they believed would bring a seize fire and also bring back a substantial number of refugees’ home. On the other hand, the Israelis have a wish that they retain the Jewish character existing in Israel. More over Israel happens to be the only Jewish nation in the whole world. Both of these sides wish that they enjoy a life full of tranquility and with security, not being in a state of violence or any terror event threatening their peace. Both sides have to make a conceding by reaching a state of compromise. The two parties have to explicitly come into the terms set aside by the UN Security Council, being resolutions 242 and 338 Amirav & Mosheh (25). There and then will they begin a full implementation process for this peace they have been aspiring to have.
By having this going through, the Palestine know that they would be obtaining a state of their own meaning that there would be an end to the more than a four decades’ occupation in their own land, and an acknowledgment of the past suffering the had underwent, a fulfillment of them having national aspirations and also getting an opportunity for shaping their own destiny as they would prefer at last. The Israelis also have in their minds that a two-state solution is going to end a demographic challenge that Israel’s character of being a Jewish-majority nation, help in removing the stigma that they always have been an occupying power nation, and also enable a lasting peace with the Arab world eliminating a very critical barrier that exists between them and the full international acceptance (36). These benefits of the solution to the long-standing conflict are very much incontestable giving way for a genuine progress for it to be able reach achievement quickly.
Coming up with a Two-State Solution
The Palestinians are counting the status of negotiations in the resolving of the conflict which exists, insisting that if the negotiations happen to be fruitless, it would lead to Palestinian divisions with a steady expansion in the Israeli settlements, make it very much impossible to be able to create two states by the two peoples (37). This result they fear would be latest among the series of many tragedies that to occur having the extremists on both sides and in turns bringing a complication on the foreign policy for this particular crucial region. This means that Israel would stop being considered as being a democratic state of Jewish-majority. It would be condemned for becoming an apartheid society with the Palestinians continuing to suffer within settings of total abject poverty and also being powerlessness even in their defense systems. Therefore, achievement of a two-state solution should be a top foreign-policy priority for the two parties involved, even for the foreign parties with interests from any of the two states. For a future progress in this region laden with attacks and human rights violation, there should also be put into place a widespread recognition for the liberation and creation of a two-state platform only outcome of principles in attainable justice two can become sovereign states with systems of their own.
Key Principles about the Security
The security systems that will ensure and guard on the stands of every state in the treaty signed by the two will be based on various principle that are proposed and be discussed. First and foremost, there will be an agreement on how to come up with a multilayered system of security that will address the security issues from both sides where every state will be involved Gvirtz &Amos (28). This will be the key determinant of the treaty especially in addressing the security concerns raised by Israelis, given that they will be able to retain their right of self-defense, ensuring that the defense is in the sense of when it is necessary. The Israeli will also have to minimize their visibility in the Palestine territory. The will also have to plan on how to come up with conditions of performance independent regions, redeploying their troops of Israeli security forces when need arises on schedules with a proper remediation process being put into place. Security systems are upgraded to the required standards and proper infrastructure be put into place to address these security concern issues (37). Joint centers for operation and the mechanisms for sharing the data available should be put into place to be able to improve on the awareness of every situation on the ground. Moreover, the American security forces will be required to chip in and give the forces the necessary training required by them, bringing in the needed equipment and also monitoring the situation on the ground.
Accordingly, having this policy statement will make the case for a very strong world action to bring about a two-state solution in a more faster and sooner way rather than bringing it later. The factual endgame happens to be clearly based on several parameters according to the Palestine state. Gvirtz & Amos (56) believe that there should existing a diplomatic mutual relationship between the two sovereign states, Palestine and Israel which help in establishing a full diplomatic relationship for the strengthening of the accord and then appoint the ambassadors in each other’s capital for the partnership to continue on smoothly. There also ought to be a mutual recognition of the Palestine as a sovereign state by the Israel and in reverse, the Palestine will do the same by recognizing Israel as a Jewish sovereign state. Meanwhile, the capital for each state will be chosen freely a better choice of their own. Most likely, the West Jerusalem will be the capital of Israel while the East Jerusalem will be the capital of Palestine. The Palestine also wants the Israel state to go forth and declare that Palestine is a sovereignty state and should therefore be respected by Israel. The boarders of the two states will be on the 1967 line agreed upon by the various parties that were present in the conference. The Palestine believes that having an undisputed and an internationally-recognized border will be the best arrangement of security to help both sides.
The Palestine also wants Israel to agree on withdrawing from their territory according to the principle of Green Line, evacuating settlements to resettle them in other different parts of the nation. The Israel should also have their major blocs of settlement as Adumim, Maaleh, Givat Gush Etzion, Zeev, Ariel and Modiin Illit, which will account for around an estimated 70 per cent by the Jewish population on West Bank. Palestine also hopes that adjustment to the borders should be kept minimum as only when necessary being reciprocal. They also want a territorial contiguity where there will be a corridor to connect West Bank to the Strip Gaza allowing a free and safe passage. Therefore, as much as there will be peace being kept, this road shall be open permanently for solely Palestinian use. There should be no Israeli checkpoints there, at any section of the road. Palestinians shall not be allowed to enter into Israel using this corridor by any means necessary, and either way the Israelis will also not be allowed to enter Palestine using this corridor. Palestine shall ensure in particular that the use of this safe passage will not be abused or used for violent reasons (59). Such wrongful use or abuse shall be deemed to undermine the peace deal and therefore the trust built between the two parties shall fail.
A separation wall will be built to run along the 1967 boarder that was mutually agreed upon to create a political process of reality in the region. This enable both Palestine and Israel to take the necessary measures in ascertain to their respective citizens to live free and without any fear at all going on with their lives as they would deem. Security of the region is equally very important is key for there to be peace between Israelis and Palestinians. Palestine together with their counterpart Israel will have to base all their security relations by bringing in a lasting cooperation built on the mutual trust developed between the two states. This will also ensure on having good neighborly co-relations which will in turn act in protection of the nation’s joint interests at large. There will be a zero tolerance against violence and terrorism in the sphere. Both of the sides will make sure that they work together hand in hand to be able to curb violence. The sides have to see to it that their own citizens dwelling on all the sides of the border live in peace. Terrorists, who may happen to be over zealous, whether they are Palestinian or Jewish, shall be given very strict penalties if they happen to violate peace process in the region.
On Jerusalem, the Palestine does believe that what is for Palestinian shall come in specification under the territory given that will have a new capital as in the name of Al-Quds. Al-Quds will therefore include East side of Jerusalem together with adjacent land Palestinian. The villages of Al-Izarieh, Abu Dis, Al-Sawahreh, Al-Izarieh, and Kufr Aqab shall also be included within the capital of Palestine. The capital Israeli will therefore be inclusive of the West Jerusalem having all the adjacent settlements Israeli. The old city shall be placed under an agreed upon special regime for both sides. Arrangements will therefore be made in honor of the importance for the Jewish Quarter and the Western Wall in place for the Jews, and special arrangements in a similarly fashion and recognition made for honoring of the importance for the Christian and Islamic holy places of worship. Israeli and the Palestinian cooperation will be forged to provide municipality services for both of the populations dwelling in the various regions respectively.
On the matter of incitement, the proposal is that both of the sides need a clean up their atmosphere; continue fighting bigotry eliminating the racism and incitement together with the hate emanating from both of the sides of the two states. Therefore, this shall have to include the closeness in the study of education curriculum from both Palestine side and the Israel side. The two sides are also in need of an overhaul in the content of their text books at school, be able to exclude the incitement in the content, curb on the racism involved between the two states, try to downsize on the bigotry together with the hate evidenced by the residents from against either another. The content to be published in the curricula should be able to reflect the common language of peace, bringing liberty and tolerance. Both of the sides will utilize media in promoting very peaceful messages for a reconciliation bringing in a mutual relationship and recognition.
The security system of the two states shall include four mutually reinforcing plans or layers, i.e. the internal security for the newly formed Palestinian state (for hereafter it will be referred to Palestine), the border coordinated security patrols, non-ground various domains which will in this case include the air, marines together with the use of an electromagnetic spectrum, and all around regional security for the better peace of the states Ḳobi et al (58). The type of internal security system in Palestine shall include a well-organized and scrutinized non-militarized system for the Palestinian security force (PASF) with maximum capabilities which will resemble a gendarmerie model. A small unit, which will be trained to be highly capable, shall be taken up as the Palestinian counterterrorism unit (PCTU). They shall be trained properly and equipped with a level analogous of special weapons together with tactics associated to terrorism (the SWAT group) unit. There will be a full-spectrum which will be self-contained as the Palestinian counterterrorism system. It will be composed of well vetted, organized and also protected personnel to be inclusive of intelligence personnel that will be responsible in detecting terrorism activities (64).
The unit will be mandated to enforce warranted raids on sites with a potential threat to the national security of the two states and make well calculated arrest of the perpetrators, making forensics investigations on these sites to be able to exploit coming up with pretrial detention cells. The officers to be able to ensure the prisoners do not escape shall be employed, with several prosecutors and also judges who will be mandated to conduct trials for the terrorism perpetrators and issue warrants to them. Officers for the post-trial detention will have to ensure that the prisoners will not be released earlier and have stand-alone places of detention facilities in the region.
There will be the joint operations centers for both states that will include Israeli security forces (ISF) and Palestine security forces, PASF with various platforms upon which there will be sharing intelligence. Identifying the potential targets will be their main aim where they will be coordinating their respective operations at the center. There will also be an establishment of multiple mechanisms to be used in rapidly resolving the disagreements which may arise between these parties being on merits. Or if need arises for a particular deed of operation, it will be undertaken with the inclusion of all the security professionals from both the sides involved at this bilateral level of political gesture, and where they will be required Salinas et al (25). This will therefore be coordinated by the use the effort from the American mediation.
A final solution or option for the Israel state will be, if at any point, they find themselves in an extreme situation, they should take action unilaterally for them to be able to defend itself using the knowledge received from the American diplomatic training and support there afterwards. On the border, the security system shall include several crossing points located between the Jordan boarder and the new state of Palestine. This will boarder security system will be staffed by the Palestinian security forces (on Palestinian side), Jordanian security forces (JSF) (being out on the side of Jordan for crossing points) and would also include the American monitors being stationed on the Palestinian side (51). They will be mandated to ensure that whoever will be crossing into and out of shall be qualified to do so, in the re-inspection of the people or cargo crossing if the Israel state demands for it. Within the transition years, the state of Israel shall remain being responsible for their overall security especially at the crossing points. Their presence though shall only be on the basis of a lower visibility. All the military and the air traffic controllers shall be required to immediately come into position and assume the air control. An up-to-date and well equipped air traffic control systems with all the facilities needed shall move into place to get the airport secure. Infrastructure protection will be given a higher priority by the Israeli state and with proper procedures. The sovereign state of Palestine shall also have their airspace secured. All the military and the air traffic controllers shall be required to immediately come into position and assume the air control of the Palestine state. A well-equipped and up-to-date air traffic control system with all the facilities needed shall move into place to get the airport secure.
The Process of Transition
When the two states shall be considering on how to be able to achieve this system of security, it will however be very important in examining the both sides for what the process of transition might entail after the whole agreement has been planned and concluded. This will as well be very important in the step that will automatically bring out the reduction of tensions, thereby preserve all the conditions necessary for the two-state to be a possible outcome in general. This particular transitional process will be after the agreement between them. There shall be the initial stage of early phases which shall be agreed upon by Israelis on how to reduce their visibility Israeli in the sovereign state of Palestine (85). This is regarded as an increase in the Palestinian sovereignty by the people’s republic of Palestine, and according to them it also includes end to the incursions by the Israel state. The Palestine also wants the significant portions in Area C to be turned over to the Palestinian civic state.
The Key Steps to be taken
The two states have a mandate to initiate greater assertions of investments and commit their resources to the training of key elements like the personnel of a lone unit of counterterrorism system. These will enhance on the Israel’s and Palestine’s ability to be able to combat on terrorism today. This will in turn help to jump-start a lengthy process for the completion of a full counterterrorism unit system. They will have to build out on the real infrastructure, creating the necessary databases required by the systems to operate, and have into place a biometric system for data to be very effective at border-crossing points. This will in turn allow a very early handover in the responsibilities from whoever will have to be agreed upon for the mediation of peace process. This is however argued by Salinas et al (96) deemed very important by the Palestinians since they partake that it will also help in improving the overall security of the check points and also at the crossing sections on the boarders. This will be very important for both the states. First and foremost, they should plan to initiate the design processes for an airport within the Valley of Jordan and also build a port facility in the strip of Gaza. If it is also feasible, they should move past the planning stage only, and develop it on the island at the coast in the strip of Gaza. The state of Israel has to, in some way, be able to quickly give a response towards the Initiative of Arabians Peace (API), and hence bring forth a capitulation of the table to be used as a broader perspective of the regional security analytical framework (101).
The Questions be addressed in the Implementation
Traditionally the two states have been trying to address a number of very sticky and tricky questions, with a good number of points that happen to be very critical on the security negotiations happening between the Israeli’s sovereign state and the Palestinians state. Some of these challenges have been very difficult to come up with a conclusion. Along with several the proposed systems of security, they will therefore need to be addresses for the better and then come up the appropriate measures to be able to solve the security issues in the region. The timetable for a complete of redeployment of the Israeli soldiers should clearly be outlined by the treaty of the peace process.
The various systems agreed upon should also be adapted as quickly as possible based on the treaty recommendations or the agreement of peace between the states. This should be done within the set-out time frames and not be prolonged to a very lengthy time of around 10 to 15 years, which will not be realistic or at all appropriate for the peace dream to be achieved sooner. The faster they are going to carry out the implementation, the sooner the peace will be experienced in the region rather than later. However, there should be a very strong ad vocation of rapid reduction in the number of visible Israeli soldiers in the state region of the Palestinians Segal (25). The reduction should be carried out as early as possible during the transition process to be able to reduce the conflict that happens daily with the Palestinian people as rapidly as they can make it.
In this context, there should be a mediator who is going to train the security forces, like the United States of America. It will be able to make the forces become more professionalized in matters security and use a criteria-based system process to include both the Israelis and the Palestinians where the Americans will be mandated with the official training process. The state of Israel shall have to declare a veto during the first round when the evaluation process will be conducted. They will have to look at whether the metric of bringing out the peace deal in the region has indeed been met. If it happens that after the remediation process, the sovereign of Israel did continue to make objections, this issue shall have to be elevated onto another political level.
As we all know, the Palestinians shall never come into terms and agree that Israeli have a right to re-enter the sovereign state of Palestine. But we also know that under the extreme circumstances that the state of Palestine would make for the Israeli, there must be a side deal or even an agreement between the state of Israel, the state of Palestine and also the United States of America on several conditions which may defined that under those extreme circumstance, the United States of America would clearly come out and be able to give the support Israeli state would require in taking a unilateral action against these extremist (36). Overall, the state of Israel is deemed a sovereign state which is enjoying a right to be able to defend themselves under all costs. Thus, they can go ahead and violate the unilaterally agreed upon treaty and neglect the sovereignty in the state which may infringe upon their own national security which may in turn hamper on the security of its citizens, but likewise keep in their minds that the risks that they would face in the infringement would have to be taken up and owned by the leadership of the Israeli sovereign state (37).
In conclusion, the purpose for this debate is acclaimed to bring out a resolution to the conflict in the region between the states of Israel and Palestine. This can also be achieved through strengthening the security systems in the two states that should be completed with haste. After all the negotiations, the final status of these issues has to be decided via the negotiations which will be mediated upon by the United States of America. The peace agreement is to be signed by the two states. Many of these measures that have been proposed in the security framework should explicitly be implemented upon. Having said this, before reaching an agreement, these two sides shall implement certain forms of the agreed upon elements in this security system. As it has been happening in the past, before the final context of this status for the agreement, Israel shall make a conceding towards the Palestinians about the questions that arise on the territorial boundaries. They shall have to concede that Palestinian is a sovereign state and they will be given their own boundaries based on the 1967 boundary lines having the reciprocal swaps where possible. Also, whenever their own redlines on sovereignty as a state is violated by the Palestinian, they will be flexible to come up with a self-defense mode. Security requirements Israeli shall be highly protected, but they should meet the three requirements set by aside by the both of them i.e. recognize Israel and Palestine as sovereign states, renounce the violence seen in the region and also agree on how to endorse a signed agreement between the two states.
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