Police and Community Relations
Community policing was introduced so solve a myriad of challenges to improve the service in a friendly manner to the community they serve. This service rendered is to be above reproach and must involve the community. In developing such partnership with the community the philosophy is enhanced there is much trust from the people and improved efficiency by the police (Glensor, Peak and Correla 2000).
- Identify and discuss three (3) internal barriers or obstacles to implementing COPPS (example: officer mindset).
Inability of Police to Adapt To Change
Community policing involved a shift in the way things were done in the police departments. Implementing change was very slow in all departments. There was need to craft an elaborate transition to take the existing officers through the process of change to a community friendly service. In most police service departments the terms of police chiefs are short. There was needed to make the services of police chiefs longer to facilitate an effective community policing.
Change in Management
The police have been managed in a manner that has not been participatory and the community. The police has not been seen to be friendly to the community it served. Officers who were service oriented needed to be recruited to serve in the management of the police. Introduction of community policing made it difficult to access qualified applicants ready to take up the positions. Most police officers found it difficult to adapt to the new changes.
Problems arising from agency relationship
The implementation phase is very important to the success of any community policing. The seniors should have a way to organize its management and improve movement of policies to the lower ranks who have close contact with the community. The policies advance should correspond to what they were intended to achieve. There is difficulty ensuring that the policies as designed are implemented to the spirit and letter of their intent. The lack of clarifications has had serious ramifications on the overall results of the designed policies.
Every new officer has a certain mindset and way of implementing community policing. Most problems arise where the current police chief has a change in policy and style of implementing community policing. This kind of situation leads to loss and stoppage of the policies of the previous chiefs. This is one of the greatest obstacles. Continuity of policy ensures that projects go their conclusion.
- Identify and discuss three (3) external barriers to implementing COPPS (example: community relations).
Lack of Political Will and Acceptance by Society as Public Policy
This is the demonstration by the various subjects to submit and take certain actions that will make the project successful. Various leaders have the responsibility to make the society accept community policing to make its implementation possible. Without political will, there are bound to be obstacles.
Lack of Trust and Availability of Resources
The purpose and the intent of community policing was to minimize the widening gap between the police and the community. When trust is earned, then there is bound to be participation of the community in availing information. One big obstacle is earning the trust of the people. The lack of trust has been a major obstacle that needs to be changed. Resources also need to be availed for the department to run efficiently. There should be enough motor vehicles for the police. Office operations and there efficiency also depend on the availability of material and hardware like computers and active telephone lines to facilitate their operations. Most offices lack these important facilities.
Economic Factors are also Very Important
The government should be able to fund the project because without funding it cannot be implemented. Funding will go a long way in providing sensitization and funding of the operations and outreach (More 2008).
- Prioritize the six (6) barriers as most/least important as they relate to the implementation of COPPS. Explain your reasoning.
Whereas these barriers are all important, the most important is earning community trust. Without the trust of the community, there is bound to be difficulty implementing community policing. Having political will is the second most important factor. This is because the policing cannot be imposed to a society. Economic factors can also cripple police operations.
Change is inevitable but when the implementing authorities reject change, it is difficult implementing the policies. Agency problems are also important in the implementation of community policing. The smooth transition from a previous chief to another is also important. There needs to be uninterrupted continuity.
- Identify one (1) solution to each of the barriers or problems and explain how the solution would facilitate the implementation of COPPS.
For the economic problems experienced, the government should allocate more money to facilitate community policing operations. The government should also ensure that there management of the police has some continuity when a change in management occurs
The community should also be educated on the importance of community policing so as to provide a political goodwill to facilitate the project.
Glensor, R. W., Peak, K. J. & Correia, M. E. (2000). Policing communities: Understanding crime and solving problems : an anthology. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury Pub.
More, H. W. (2008). Current Issues in American Law Enforcement: Controversies and Solutions. Springfield: Charles C Thomas Publisher, LTD.