Sample Essay on Problems in the World

Problems in the World

Terrorism is arguably the biggest problem facing the world in the 21st century. Although climate change and economic crisis are still huge problems in the world, terrorism is a problem that is evolving to become a threat every day. The terrorism threat is compounded by the emergence of terrorist organisations such as ISIS and AlShabaab. Specifically, ISIS emerged ten years ago as an affiliate of Al Qaeda, and it has grown to become a threat to humanity. Being more violent, well-funded, and organised, ISIS has continued to wreak havoc across the world. It has gone to the extent of pursuing a recruitment campaign to lure vulnerable populations across the world to join the group.

The issue of domestic radicalization and recruitment to Jihadist terrorism could not be more urgent today given that terrorists have often shown an impetus to adapt and use various tools to recruit more supporters. But the issue that has attracted much attention to day is the ease at which ISIS can access nuclear weapons. President Obama has reiterated that the prospect of ISIS getting access to nuclear weapons is among the most serious threats that the world is facing today. This is not a far-fetched probability because ISIS has already used chemical weapons elsewhere with devastating effect. It is imperative that security agencies adopt strict measures to minimize this threat.

ISIS is a global threat. That the terrorist organisation has woven penetrated more nations across the world presents a global danger that may remain strong even if it loses its caliphate in Iraq. This may be a sign of its financial strength. McClain (209) stated that “estimates put ISIS’s revenue from smuggled oil to be at one million dollars a day.” This is a huge source of funds for the terrorist organisation that is keen to add on to its bulging total assets believed to be over two billion dollars.  This is a development that has been noted by the U.S. and other powerful nations such as Britain. The world leaders from these nations have urged countries such as Pakistan to be vigilant enough to keep off the group that has shown its intent to steal or buy atomic weapons from the nuclear bunkers.

ISIS is growing larger in its structure and operations. The fact that it is now turning toward weapons of mass destruction presents a worrying trend that could pose a huge risk to the world. For example, after the Brussels attacks, it was noted that ISIS operatives had been actively monitoring a nuclear facility in Belgium. The material incentives from ISIS is a huge factor in the pursuit of nuclear material as experts from nuclear plants have been successfully lured into joining the group in places such as Belgium where suspicious events are rife. No matter what has been made of the recent trend in ISIS actions in Belgium and other nations holding nuclear bunkers, what has remained clear is that evidence points to the group’s intention to possess nuclear materials and their experts.

ISIS’ geographic scope is expanding at a rapid rate (Byman 76). The advent of social media has helped ISIS to expand its human network. Cases of domestic terrorism have been reported across the world to prove that the reach of ISIS is longer than it was a decade ago. To think that it was once an affiliate of AL Qaeda shows just how a small group can gain influence in a relatively short time. The only way that terrorism can be tackled from the root core is by targeting the emerging affiliates to larger organisations so that the network does not have groups to inherit its ideologies. ISIS is a great example of an affiliate group that has outgrown its parent organisation to pose a huge threat to the world. More groups such as AlShabaab have also grown from the parent Al Qaeda group to terrorise regions beyond their area of operations. To dismantle the global Islamist insurgency, affiliate groups have to be broken in their bases. The foreign fighters being recruited across the world to join ISIS have to be tracked early enough to halt the flow of human network. This will be a huge step toward fighting extremist ideas entertained by the terrorism organisations. The nuclear weapons must also be stored carefully so that the group does not access them or get to contact those tasked with operating the nuclear plants.


The threat of nuclear terrorism has increased with reports indicating that ISIS is getting closer to acquiring nuclear bombs. ISIS has grown to demand weapons of mass destruction. This is problem that the world will have to solve quickly to save humanity. One of the ways that security agencies can reduce the risk of nuclear terrorism is through targeting the emerging affiliate groups and halting their expansion. ISIS has grown to be a global threat from being just an Iraqi affiliate of Al Qaeda. By collaborating, security agencies can save the world from the threat of affiliates emerging across the world.


  1. Byman, Daniel. “ISIS Goes Global: Fight the Islamic State by Targeting Its Affiliates.” Foreign Aff. 95 (2016): 76.
  2. McClain Brown, Cody. “Mobilizing the Caliphate: ISIS and the Conflict in Iraq and Syria.” Politička misao 52.4-5 (2016): 203-214.