Realism, Liberalism, Marxism and Post-colonialism
- Is realism anything more than the ideology of powerful, satisfied states? What are the basic principles of the Realist worldview? What are its benefits and its shortcomings? Use the current war in Syria as one of your test cases. Yes, realism is more than the ideology of powerful, satisfied state, this is because, realists have a very different approach towards the aspect of world politics; they argue that we can have transnational leadership which should only depend on even distribution of power. They hold on the fact that nationalism is the key aspect in promoting world politics. The benefit of realism is that it provides for peaceful coexistence among individuals as it agitates for nations dependence on self rather than on the international forefront. It is however difficult to ascertain the concept of state power as described by realism and the possession of power as a form of self actualization. The aspect of power can be further described in terms of military strength and competence as in the case of Syria where the
- How would a realist explain the war on terror? From a realist’s point of view, war on terrorism should be greatly tasked to police rather than the government or other institution. This is because realism provides for self preservation and not possibly the idea of generalization. Just like the government is tasked with tackling corruption and other governance issues so is the idea of terrorism, the security forces are best skilled in tackling the problem of terrorism.
- If you want to have peace prepare for peace. Discuss and comment this statement in light of the Liberal approach to world affairs. What are the basic principles of the Liberal worldview? What are its benefits and its shortcomings? Provide examples. Liberals emphasize on personal liberty since the acts of liberalism have a set of values that seek to provide favourable conditions that promote justice in the society by the use of independent economies that are welfare oriented and even democratic institutions. For instance, nations in the world today strive to promote peace with each other in the quest to avoid conflicts as well as abiding by the international orders. They seek to promote good relations by strengthening their security institutions not because they are preparing for war but because they want peace to prevail. As a result of the proper security measures and strict regulations the negative consequences of globalization are avoided.
- Are liberal values and institutions in the contemporary international system as deeply embedded as neo-liberals claim? As neo-liberals assert, the liberal values have been greatly adopted by the Europeans and individuals inhabiting North America due to the divergent fortunes that exist in the domestic and international domains. It is however critical to note that the same values together with the institutions have been faulted for lack of global legitimacy.
- What do you regard as the main contribution of Marxist theory to our understanding of world politics? Its assertion in the theory of the state which characterizes the state as a social power that comprises various aspects enhancing cooperation as required by the forces of power and in the long run leading to success by the leaders. It also provides for the economic relations between the mode of rule and the practices adopted so as to achieve success. It further provides for the proper handling of the internal and external parties involved in handling the economic system.
- How useful is Wallenstein’s world-systems theory? The theory enables individuals understand the fundamental reality of social conflict between individuals, as we are able to understand development. Through the theory, a new way of understanding the development of capitalism and industrialism is devised. Wallerstein explains to us how capitalists function providing the structures of socialism. The theory also explains the concentrated areas where the competitive individuals in the society are and the results they achieve from their hard work. The application of this theory can aid individuals in various fields such as anthropology, development studies as well as history.
- 7. Frantz Fanon and Edward Said are both important thinkers in the post-colonial/postcolonial field. Why? Through their discovery of the post colonial theory they did a structural analysis of the European domination and the exploitations of imperialists presenting the conflicts that existed between Christianity and Islam. They provided a clear description or orientalism as applied by European nations during colonization.
- What are some of the continuities and discontinuities in the world between the colonial period and the present? Among the continuities that are visible in the world today as a result of colonization include the political boundaries that were set by the colonialists which are still in use in the present day world. Participation, conservation and local resistance are among the practices that existed then and are still practiced in the present day society. Observance of traditional cultures and performing of cultural practices are some of the key acts factors that have been in existence since the colonial period.