Religious themes found in Surah 25
Most of the themes postulated in various chapters (Surah) of the Quran spins around the importance of eliminating diverse doubts of non-believers and transforming them to the ways of Islam (Sad 23). Particularly, surah 25 of the Quran (al-Furqan) is one of the most important chapters given its emphasis on peaceful coexistence and true worship of Allah. All the relevant and viable principles of the Quran and the prophet hood of Muhammad are properly dealt with in most of these chapters (Sad 25). Surah 25 talks about discrimination, truth of the warning, day of discrimination and a lesson of the fate of the former generations among other inherent issues. The chapter further analyzes various religious themes that are pertinent in most of the Islamic teachings. The core intent of Surah 25 is to help define the true Islamic believer who is true to the teachings of Prophet Muhammad. This paper will give an explicit analysis of these themes as sufficiently discussed in surah 25.
Surah 25 (also known as the AL-FURQAN) majorly talks about issues surrounding the religious discriminations in Islam. Discrimination here relates to the fact that a distinction does exist between God’s servants and the subjects who are bound by belief (25:2). The first theme is that describing Allah as the ‘Warner for all Nations’. This emphasizes on the significance of identifying with Allah to experience the goodness of the deity (Allah). There are benefits associated with remaining faithful and true, that is inheriting the kingdoms, both in heaven and on earth. Allah is portrayed as All-present and All-knowing, Merciful and Beneficent (25:5).
Religious leaders are just ‘messengers’ sent by Allah to redeem the human race of all inequities. Doing ‘good’ and shunning all iniquities and fairytales is a necessary condition that is demanded by Allah through his servants (25:8). The ‘promised’ land has no place for evildoers and only through forgiveness can one be assured of not going astray.
Another theme postulated in this surah is on the importance of giving and helping the less privileged both in form of materials and spiritually with a special promise of ‘palaces’ to those walking in righteousness (25:10). The theme also stresses on the ‘beauty’ of the ‘promised land’ with well-defined punishments to those opposing the truth. Sharing whatever little one has with a neighbor who lacks the same necessity as demanded by Allah will lead one to the ‘promised land’ (25:19). Verse 20 of surah 25 avows that Allah sees all the iniquities that is directed towards the less privilege and His messengers in the society, and that this will not go unpunished.
Peace is yet another theme that is very clear from surah 25 specifically in verse 77 with a calling on all believers to remain nonviolent (25:77). The verse asserts that just as Allah is Merciful, those worshiping Him ought to show the same tolerance towards each other. ‘For instance, towards the end of verse 77, it’s explicitly stated that ‘…and when the ignorant address them…, reply peace….’ a further testament of Allah’s wish for His worshipers. This is in line with the fundamental ideals of a ‘true’ Muslim who is required to pass the love and adoration of Allah to other members of the society. However, the importance of faith and repentance is not ignored given the compassionate nature of Allah that is described in this chapter.
The chapter also l ay emphasis on the eminence of learning from the mistakes of the past generations (described as the former people). These people described here rejected the message and messengers of Allah and the result was serious destruction of the whole generation. Learning from their past mistakes will ensure that the present generation does not repeat the same mistakes that led to the punishments. Verse 39 warns of a repeat of this kind of destruction if the present generation will not abide by the true doctrines of Allah. Verse 43 further warns against worshiping any other god apart from Allah, and going astray from the ‘right’ path demanded in the Quran (25:41). Per se, all believers should help one another to remain steadfast to the teachings of Allah.
The next theme from surah 25 describes Allah as powerful and that the human race should see this from the magnificent nature He created as a testament of His might. All things on the surface of the earth are as a result of His mercy (25:45). This is a true revelation of His intention to the human race. However, He demands absolute humility and honest sacrifice to be able to enjoy any of these material things.
Notably, there is, however, punishment for non-compliance to the true doctrines of Allah among other elements of a spiritual life (25:65). This is yet another that is clearly stated in surah 25 of the Quran. Subsequent verses assert that the ‘fear of hellfire’ should be a catalyst towards a holy life. However, those who remain steadfast to the ways of Allah are assured of being resurrected and rewarded a better life in the Promised Land (25:69). Other positive life elements, for instance, wise spending of hard-earned living and avoiding sinful activities, for example adultery are clear from the surah (25:67). Any wrongdoing, should, however, not go unpunished according to the subsequent verses from this surah.
The next theme is that of religious and true repentance, doing good deed and turning to the ways of Allah. When one sins, total commitment to prayers and being remorseful will not go unheard. The reward is forgiveness of all iniquities and the inheritance of the ‘promised land’ (25:71). Rejecting the true word of Allah and His messengers will only attract severe punishment.
In this surah (chapter), Allah reminds us that He holds the destiny of the human race that is bound to live by certain principles. The chapter further stresses on the significance of believing in Allah who is described as a ‘perfect designer’. Through Him, all things were made and the human race can only benefit through absolute obedience. Indeed, this surah clearly explains the ‘Oneness’ of Allah through which all things are possible. Surah 25 further describes the Muslim society as nonviolent, a religion that forbid the shedding of innocent blood. The chapter gives a distinction between a true Muslim believer and a false one towards the end of the verses. It is an unequivocal comparison between various groups of Muslims who have different notions of Islamic religious doctrines. Surah 25 also encourages the true believers of Allah not to repeat the mistakes that were made by the past generations and to focus on positive virtues.
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