Sample Essay on Sex Discrimination

Discrimination

The issue of sex discrimination might be very devastating to a number of people, particularly women and children in many of the developing world.  Many of the women and girl children are particularly oppressed at say shops, homes, market places, market places, and entirely everywhere, their presence is (Healey, p. 2-6). Africa and a number of the western nations are no exception, as women continue to enjoy a lesser standing within these societies. In particular, there are very sharp differences in terms of women’s status across around the world and in many regions of states. In most cases, women have been condemned to play subordinate roles to their male counterparts. This paper therefore, seeks to discuss and present the issue of sex discrimination prevalent in the world today.

The term sex discrimination encompasses a number of things and can be defined differently by different people around the world. However, it is generally defined to refer to the various beliefs as well as attitudes about the gender of an individual, including beliefs as well as attitudes that are of a social nature and do not, often, carry any legal consequences.  Discrimination can also be looked from the perspective of treatment, and be defined as unequal treatment of an individual based entirely on that person’s sexual orientation. In fact, discrimination against people based on their sexual orientation has been of major concern for the past few years and has not been solved now in a number of nations throughout the world, particularly within the patriarchal communities, where men are largely considered as the authority of the family (Healey). Here in these societies, the roles of women have been confined around bearing children as well as housekeeping. Moreover, under these societies, it is possible to find decimation against women and girls in various aspects, especially in terms of sex.

Sex discrimination against people with different sexual orientations, on the other hand, might bear legal consequences in some societies, where such discriminations are banned or not allowed within, and even though what constitutes sexual discrimination differs among societies, the essence is that it is an undesirable action taken by one individual against the other, which would not have happened had the individual been of another sex. As such, sexual discrimination of this nature in certain itemized circumstances is unlawful in a number of nations.

In the world today, discrimination which is based on sexuality of a person is understood as an adverse act against another individual, which in fact would not have taken place had the individual been of similar sexual orientation, though, in some case sex discrimination can also occur to persons of similar sexual orientations. This is regarded a form of injustice and is actually a criminal offence in many of the civilized societies in the world today.

In essence, discrimination based on sex of individuals can arise in various contexts. For example, a work at the workplace might be discriminated against by being asked prejudiced questions during an employment interview, or because an employer did not employ, promote or wrongfully ended an employee based on their sex, or sometimes employers paying unequally fundamentally because of the differences in terms of gender.

In the area of educational context, there could also be claims that a student has been excluded from an educational organization, program, prospect, loan, student organization, or scholarship based on their differences in gender (Merino, p.12-98). Moreover, in the housing setting there could also be a number of claims that an individual has been refused negotiations on seeking a home, house, or contracting/leasing a house or obtaining a loan based on their sex. In addition, another setting in which there have been claims of sex discrimination include the banking industry; for instance, when one is basically refused credit or is given unequal loan treatment or terms based on one’s sex.

Yet, another area within the banking industry where there is often sexual discrimination is when an individual is refused to extend their credit, denied approval of credit or loan process, as well as when there is a burden of unequal credit terms based on one’s sex.  In some parts of the world today, social and sexual variations have been used to substantiate the different roles for men as well as women, in some cases bringing about claims of primary as well as secondary roles.

Furthermore, while there are assumed non-physical variations among men as well as women, major reviews of the academic literature on sex differences obtain only a very minute minority of traits or characteristics where there are constant psychological variations between men and women, and these relate in a direct manner to the experiences grounded in biological differences. Nevertheless, there are also a few psychological differences in relation to how issues are dealt with in addition to emotional perceptions as well as reactions that may relate to hormones and the thriving traits of each sex during ancient roles in previous primitive lifestyles.

It has been established that unfair discrimination usually follows the sex stereotyping that often held by a certain community. According to UN, women usually encounter a “glass ceiling” and there has not been a society in which women benefit from the same opportunities as those provided to men. In addition, the term “glass ceiling” as described by the UN is used in order to describe an apparent barrier to the advancement in employment largely due to discrimination, in particular discrimination in terms of sex.

In the American in the year 1995, a state-funded organization, commonly referred to as Glass Ceiling Commission argued that, over half of all the master’s programs were being awarded to women, hitherto 95 percent of senior-level managers, of the top Fortune 1000 industrial as well as 500 service companies were largely men. Besides, of these managers, 97 percent were white. In their report, they basically recommended an affirmative action, as a means to remove this form of discrimination. In the year 2008, women accounted for about 51 percent of all workers in the high-paying managerial, professional, as well as related positions. They actually outnumbered men in such positions as public relations officers, financial officers; as well as human development resource managers around many of the states in the United States.

The report by PwC research also established out in the year 2002 that among FTSE 350 corporations in the United Kingdom, about 40 percent of senior managerial posts were largely occupied by women (MacKinnon). However, when the same study was undertaken in year 2007, the number of senior managerial posts held by women had sharply fallen to about 22 percent. Transgender persons, both male to female as well as female to male, also do experience a lot of issues which often lead to employment dismissals, underperformance, complexity in obtaining employment, problems of social isolation, as well as often subjected to violent attacks (MacKinnon, p. 23-67).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works cited

 

Healey, Justin. Sex Discrimination. Rozelle, N.S.W: Spinney Press, 2001. Print.

Merino, Noël. Sex Discrimination. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2010. Print.

MacKinnon, Catharine A. Sexual Harassment of Working Women: A Case of Sex Discrimination. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. Print.