The Italian and Northern Renaissances
Renaissance denotes the period in which the world faced great cultural along with technological change. The Renaissance era led to huge artistic and literature evolution from the 14th throughout to the 17th century. The Renaissance developments included decorations and furnishing styles that largely improved compositional arrangements. The cultural rebirth was intensified by the enormous scientific and classical research that religious ideals brought to the intellectual life. The Northern Renaissance occurred in Eastern Europe at a time greater emphasis was on making life easier (Nash 34). The art works that depicted the peasants’ social welfare included Haymaking by Pieter Bruegel. In contrast, the Italian Renaissance focused on aristocracy giving more attention to class, wealth, and power. The Mediterranean trade is one crucial aspect that promoted wealth and political influence during the Italian Renaissance. In addition, religion took a central position in that most artists made paintings of the Greek-Roman revival as well as the Last Judgment. As such, both the Italian and the Northern Rebirths revolved primarily on religious ideals, but majorly contrasted in view of social art, literary readings, and scholarly life (Burke 19).
The Italian Renaissance opened the whole chapter of literary along with scientific success in Europe. The architectural advancement of the medieval state through to the current modern Europe constituted an immense humanistic transition. Therefore, the literate culture of intellectual strives and support remained a part of the society until late in the period when there was renewed interest in building a classical society. Largely, the Italian Renaissance influenced cultural achievement where the elite formed the largest population in the society, and were very much involved in literature (Burke 47). For instance, the transitional period authors include Petrarch whose composition is The Canzoniere, Torquato Tasso who authored Jerusalem Delivered and other architecture artists such as Leonardo da Vinci. However, critics relate the Italian Renaissance to the economic regressions and scientific failure currently being experienced. On the other hand, the Northern Renaissance is used to illustrate the cultural transition that took place outside Italy (Nash 52). As such, this is linked to the individualized rebirths in the region such as the French Renaissance, which exhibited varying features and strengths. This era led to an increased cultural exchange because countries could import art and build sophisticated artworks.
Fig. 1 (“Pieter Bruegel the Elder”)
The Italian and Northern Renaissances depict tremendous political power and control differentials. Although Italy and Germany were largely commanded by sovereign city-states, several regions of the Central, and Western Europe set out as nation-states. In contrast, the Northern Renaissance had close links to the Protestant Reformation that experienced a long series of interior and exterior battles. There existed divisions amid the Protestant groups and the Roman Catholic Church, which led to permanent Netherlands division. Another element is that the north appreciated more the Gothic art and structural design than did Italy. All the same, the artists in the northern Renaissance were much spread out than the Italian match. Additionally, the north featured less commerce centers to allow free trade than did Italy. As such, Italy had many wealthy merchants who were able to contribute a considerable amount of funds in support of art (Burke 61). Thus, both the north and Europe Renaissances have divergent geophysical conditions where Europe exhibits enormous stained glass windows and oil paints, while Italy produces lots of marble sculpts. Largely, trade and commerce supported the northern Renaissance, leading to wealth creation and power change.
Burke, Peter. The Italian Renaissance: Culture and Society in Italy. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2013. Print.
Nash, Susie. Northern Renaissance Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.
“Pieter Bruegel the Elder” n.d. JPEG file. 5 Dec. 2014