Sample Essay on The Sermon on the Mount

The Sermon on the Mount

Allegedly given by Jesus, the Sermon is taken as an instruction manual for Christian living. First, Matthew 5:1, Jesus ascends the mountain to preach the sermon keeping the tradition of Moses ascending and giving sermons on Mt. Sinai to the people. Taking a closer glance at the sermon, we get the opportunity to inquire what Jesus taught his disciples, and whether he also abided by his own teachings. Jesus proclaims that the poor in spirit are blessed because they will get to the kingdom of heaven. While it does not explain spirit poorness, it can be assumed to be a general situation of sadness. While it does not explain the connection between spiritual poverty and the Heaven Kingdom, such verses have been used to calm and make easy the control women and slaves. Luke (6:24-250):  Jesus tells those who are already rich that they have already received their consolation and that they should be aware that they will at one time hunger and face deprivation. This verse explicitly shows that a person cannot be both righteous and wealthy. (, 2015)

Jesus also says that the meek ones are blessed and that they will inherit the earth.  However, according to documentation, Jesus was not meek for the most part because, meek people don’t go creating public spectacles like Jesus used to do. Jesus specifies in the beatitudes that those who are merciful are blessed and that they would also receive mercy. However, Jesus was not tolerant to those who didn’t concur with him. In Matthew 10:33 he states that if one denied him before others, he would also him or her before the Father in heaven.” These are not merciful words. In 5:9 he declares that those who were peacemakers would be blessed and they were the children of God. In Matthew 10:34 however, he contradicts the peace policy with a threat that he did not arrive to bring peace to the people on earth but a sword.

In 5:16 – He allows people to expose the great work they are doing for God and to take praise and complements for it. However in 6:1, in the Sermon, he goes against this by saying, People should not pay alms in the presence of others so as to be seen as doing a great thing, that they would not receive rewards in case of such. In 5:17-18 – I did not come here to destroy the laws of the prophets of God but to fulfill it. Jesus promises that the law will never be changed or mutilated and that he would implement it at all costs. In spite of this approval, Jesus proceeds to abrogate of the Mosaic Law in 5:19 by saying that those who break any one of the laws and / or teaches men to break the law; they would be viewed as the lowest in heaven.” In addition to those references, there are instances where Jesus broke the law, the most familiar being in John 2:4. When told by his mother that the wine was finished, Jesus went ahead to talk to her rudely with an insolvent and disrespectful reply clearly asking her, Woman, what do I have I to do with you? In effect, he went against the fifth commandment that expects people to honor their parents. Matthew 21:19 – He found a fig tree that did not bear any fruits. He cursed it by saying that no fruit would grow on the after this forever. The fig tree immediately withered away. With this action, he effectively broke the law that forbids the destruction of trees that bear fruits. Vonlney (1992)

In 5:20 Jesus tells the disciples that he expects them to be very righteous to get to heaven, more heaven than the Pharisees and Sadducees. This means that he holds the Pharisees in some light of righteousness. This is odd bearing in mind that in Matthew 23, he denounces the Pharisees by labeling them as fools, liars and hypocrites yet. He even refers to the Pharisees as fools in Matthew 23:17 & 19. He refers to the two men going to a town called Emaus in the bible as fools. In Luke 12:20 God, who Jesus is part of, according to the holy Trinity, calls the rich farmer “Thou fool.” Besides fool-calling, other passages indicates that Jesus really believed in Hell and that it was literal and physical and he would send people there, especially dissenters for eternity.

In 5:29-30, Jesus advises the people that they would rather have parts of their bodies removed if those parts caused them to sin, instead of having the whole body going to hell. Some Christians believe in an absolute meaning of these words. Nevertheless, the New Testament supports an accurate elucidation. Matthew 19:12 talks of men who have to undergo castration so as to avoid being tempted by their physical bodies and actually, some Christians have taken this message plainly with truly terrible results. Jesus’ views on Hell are also interesting. The most appalling act of barbarity and / or odium that can possibly be done against humans in Christianity is being compelled to Hell, to never ending torture. Yet, Jesus, a man of never-ending love, compassion and sympathy, allowed the existence of hell where he himself would send people. In Matthew 5:29-30: He says it is better to lose an eye or cut off your hand rather than end up in hell. Later he banishes all residents of a city named Capernaum. He did not make any consideration for the young and pregnant women. This brings to fore many questions and doubt on whether Jesus failed to remember about his commandment to his Christians to love their enemies. This beats the logic of the commandment since he contradicts.

Jesus prohibits taking of oaths in 5:33-37, which contradicts traditional Jewish practice. It is written that Apostle Paul took an oath in the book of Acts chapter 18 verse 18. In chapter 5: verses 38-42 Jesus forbids vengeance of any form. In Matthew 26:24 he contradicted this by retaliating against Judas by proclaiming a curse stating that, it would have been better that Judas had never been born”. Matthew 10:24-25 Jesus endorses slavery with an astounding pro-slavery slogan that states, a disciple or student is not and should not be above his teacher and that the same applies to slaves above their masters. It is not sufficient for the follower that he equals his leader and the slave his master.” Jesus promises in 7:7-8, those who ask, it will be given to them and that those who seek, and shall find what they look for; those who knock will have the doors opened unto them. However, he warns in 7:14, that the gate to heaven is narrow and the way that leads to life is hard to follow. Those who find it are few.


We cannot assume that the Christians intended to continue to observe the noble principles of passivism once politically powerful. Once gaining the status of the main Roman Empire religion, the Church instantly put in place a merciless retaliation policy against its opponents. Instead of practicing the doctrines that they always preached, those of forgiveness, non-violence, mercy, love and all the other virtues, the church went on to turn into one of the most brutal and aggressive persecutors of all time. The Sermon represents a degree of hypocrisy where valuable doctrines that would be great in practice by all are ignored by many due to the lack of clear direction and evident contradiction by those who should promote it.



Works Cited

Gay, Volney P. Freud on Sublimation: Reconsiderations. Albany: State U of New York, 1992. Print.

“What Is the Sermon on the Mount?” Web. 5 Mar. 2015. <>.