Sample Essay on The Structure and Behavior of Public Organizations

Week 2 Discussion: The Structure and Behavior of Public Organizations

The classical organization theory incorporated scientific management, bureaucratic and administrative theory. The classical way of thinking evolved during the first half of the 19th century. The theory focuses on the formal structure of an organization envisaging systematic processes meant to make bureaucracy more efficient and effective (Ziarab, Muhammad, and Basharat 515). In doing so, management of human aspects of the organization remains the sole responsibility of personnel specialists. Taylor coined the scientific management theory emphasizing the significance of organizational processes. Taylor argues that bureaucracy effectively works when the organization identifies the best way to perform various tasks and carefully aligns workers to specific tasks. Ideally, bureaucracy is characterized by strict supervision of workers who are unexpected to act without authorization from their supervisors. Additionally, Taylor believes that to enforce bureaucratic practices, managers need to perform the role of planning and controlling organizational processes and human aspects. Taylor contributed to the development of the theory by discovering that the right combination of equipment and people could increase production and efficiency in organizations.

Max Weber sought to expand Taylor’s theories and arguments by asserting that bureaucracy effectively works by reducing diversity and ambiguity in organizations. In other words, Weber believed organizations should designate specific people to accomplish specific tasks supported by clear lines of authority and control. Weber’s bureaucratic theory advocates for the establishment of hierarchical structures to control the operations and activities of workers. Per Weber, the bureaucratic structure of organizations is only sustainable if available formal rules ensure stability and uniformity of processes (Ziarab, Muhammad and Basharat 518). Rules are implemented by neutral officials within a company in Weber’s ideal bureaucracy. Weber also contributed to the development of classical organizational theory by outlining the notion of organizational behavior evaluated by examining the cause and effect of behavior. The arguments presented by Taylor and Weber show how classical organizational theory is inflexible. The theory attempt to explain that the motivation of workers is purely anchored on economic benefits an organization enjoys from labor provided by the workers.

Work Cited

Ziarat, Mahmood, Muhammad, Basharat, and Zahid Bashir. “Review of Classical Management Theories”. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2012, pp. 512-522.