Sample Essay Paper on Communication

Communication

  1. The human capacity to exchange information and ideas through speech is unparalleled in other species. Elaborate explaining major differences between human and animal communication.

There are three important facts about human language that are used in explaining the major differences between human and animal communication. For example, human beings unlike other animals are capable of producing brand new sentences that have never been produced before in the whole universe. In this case, a particular language cannot be considered a repetition of response since human brain is designed in a way that it can ascertain numerous programs without a mix of actions. This means that human beings are in a position of building unlimited set of sentences from the few list of alphabetical letters or words. This is contrary to how animal brains function, that is, animals lack mental grammar; a program that is responsible for word building, sentence construction and clear communication.

The second fundamental fact is that human beings from their early years started to develop complex grammar with no instances of formal instruction. At the same time, they give consistent interpretation to developed sentences, and this becomes part of the common language spoken. On the other hand, animals lack the ability to construct sentences and develop their own language. The language spoken by animals is a repetition of sounds that have been in existence for several decades.

The third fundamental fact is that human language is related to the evaluation process of human physical apparatus, which allowed complex sound production in form of spoken language along with associated processes of brain adaptation. The process of brain adaption throughout evolution has enabled human beings to sieve words, construct sentences and make communications in response to their levels of reasoning. It appears that animal brains took long to evolve and to fully adapt so as to aid in reasoning and also to construct spoken speech out of the unspoken words. In general, human beings can communicate perfectly through spoken words, written sentences or gestures which other animals cannot.

  1.  Describe some of the major developments and changes in human communication and the uses of media from early cave paintings until the invention of paper around 105AD.

After several years of research, it is now clear that even though different animal species have perfected unique ways of communicating amongst themselves, human beings are the only animal species with the retained ability to communicate through spoken language. From the time human beings appear on earth, communication have evolved starting from inconsistent set of disorganized signs which could give different meanings to each human being to set of consistent and organized signs and words with precise meaning to different groups of people. Cave paintings was considered one of the most primitive methods people could use to communicate with each other. Cave paintings were used by a specie of human beings known as the Homo sapiens. The use of flower and fruit pigments, coal and colored minerals as well as blood gained prominence as the only available writing materials. Other forms of communication that were common included storytelling, which had tribal limitations since the information could not be passed to other communities.

The limitations of cave paintings and storytelling led to introduction of early handwritten manuscripts. Most of the handwritten documents were on issues of religion put on velum since at that time paper had not been invented. This was the period between 7th and 13th century commonly referred to as the age of religious documentation. Towards the end of 13th century, secular books talking on other issues apart from religion were introduced. This new invention marked the end of manuscripts as people gained interest in learning how to write in secular books.

  1. Describe some of the major developments and changes in written/printed communication and the uses of media since the invention of the printing press in 1450 until today.

Every stage of human evolution had significant changes in means of communication. Written communication evolved gradually from cave paintings, early handwritten documents to printing press in early 1450. Printing press was an invention by Johann Gutenberg who introduced a device with movable type between blocks with already printed texts. The use of paper, ink and printing press in this method of communication facilitated mass production of books at relatively reduced prices. With successful experiments, Gutenberg ended us reprinting a Latin speech book and his own bible. The introduction of printing press paved way for letter writing and postman, and later the use of telegram as an alternative to letter writing. All these methods had only one disadvantage, the delayed response. This made it possible for subsequent research on more efficient and effective means of communication. With technological changes and the introduction of internet, people found it possible to design social sites with an intention of enhancing interaction among people in a more interconnected way. With the introduction of social site as a means of communication, it becomes possible to interact with more than one person at the same time and make instant communications.