Sample Essay Paper on Global Climate Change

  1. Introduction

Global climate change is the increase in the average level of global temperatures caused by emission of gases such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and other gases. The gases are usually emitted in a number of ways, such as burning of fossil fuels, industrial emission and deforestation. The high level of emission of carbon dioxide is due to the high level of demand for energy. The energy is therefore produced by the burning of fossil fuels such as oil and coal, to meet the level of demand. However, the fact that people have an attitude towards the issue of global warming has also contributed to the high level of global climate change. Lack of consideration for the effects of global warming has brought a number of environmental issues that affect the lifestyle and health of living things. However, by reusing and recycling some of the materials that are used,  as well as using alternative clean and renewable sources of energy such solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear energy, it is possible to reduce the level of global warming.

  1. Synoptic Description of Environmental Issue.

Global warming has affected the availability and quality of water available. Considering that water is a necessity to living things for healthy growth, compromising its availability and quality in one way or another will affect the health of living things such as plants, humans and animals. This is evident since animals usually migrate from different locations in search of water and food during different seasons. Therefore, if the availability and quality of water is compromised, it will mean that plants and animals will die, all of which are sources of food for other living things, which may end up dead due to lack of enough food or contaminated foods. The movement of water that is consumed by humans and used by plants and animals, usually begins from the atmosphere to the surface through a process called precipitation. This then accumulates as snow and evaporates, where it is taken by plants. Transpiration then occurs from the stomata of the plants, and this is taken back to the atmosphere (Hardy, 2003, p. 78). Through the release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, the pH level in the stomata decreases and the plants are not able to absorb enough water.

In other words, due to the high level of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere, the temperature will increase as well as the evaporation leading to a decreased level of precipitation, therefore leading to water shortages. The result of such a phenomenon is that plants available lack enough water and/or lack quality water, which leads to most of the plants dying. Plants are sources of food for humans, and if the availability of food is limited in an area, the health of humans also deteriorates. Basically, water is a major requirement for living things. Moreover, the carbon dioxide usually creates a layer on the surface of the earth that prevents heat from the earth surfaces in the space for the temperatures of the earth to lower. The layer also prevents plants from acquiring enough warmth from the sun that helps plants to grow.

Global warming has also contributed to changes of the climate, which usually occur naturally. These climate changes could be lack of rainfall during a rainy season or limited rainfall, high sea levels, and affecting the power of being able to predict weather patterns. Weather patterns are mostly relied by farmers who plan on the right time they should sow their produce expecting rainfall. At times, the rainfalls may come earlier than what farmers expect and they may have to lose on that season. The gases released by greenhouses also contribute to the health of human beings. Some of these gases could cause skin infections, respiratory failures, and other diseases such as malaria.



  1. Causes of Environmental Issues

Environmental issues are generally caused by political, social and economic factors. In most cases, solving of these issues becomes a challenge due to the diversity of its causes. The emerging of new technologies is a social factor that has contributed to environmental issues. Technologies were created to enable work to be easier and faster, however a number of organizations have used new technologies to benefit themselves without considering the effects of global climate change. Through the use of such technologies, for instance the making of trendy furniture, which enables the cutting down of trees, most of them have done so without planting more trees. The lack of enough trees in an area affects the environment in a number of ways. Trees are usually meant to attract rain and as windbreakers, and due to lack of this, it will affect the lifestyles of humans. Living things, due to lack of enough rainfall may lack enough food. However, the need to better the level of  the economy of an area has also contributed to environmental issues. For instance the creating of industries which help to create more products or services, has led to a polluted environment by the emission of gases that contribute to climate changes. However, most of the industries end up disposing off, their residues in rivers and lakes, that are a source of food and water to others. Even more waste is genereated by industries through what is referred to as e-waste (electronic waste). These are electronic products that have been used, and some rendered obsolete, which then find their way to dumping sites and the environment. Some of the wastes contain harmful materials such as mercury from mobile phone batteries, polythenes and polythene derivatives used as outer covers for mobile phones, computers, calculators and other electronic devices. These polythene derivatives are largely non-biodegradble and therefore hugely impact on the environment.

The pollution of the environement therefore would force humans and animals to look for a better pasture where they are able to get quality water and food. However, political rivalry among countries has also lead to environmental issues. For instance, some countries during war, tend to attack their rivals with mechanisms that affect human environment and health. In most cases all these factors occur at the same time, affecting the environment status.

  1. Occurrence of the Issue

Human activities have contributed to environmental issues. The activities have helped humans earn a living from it, or better their standards of living, forgetting the threat the results of those activities to the environment. From the start of the Industrial Revolution, the planet has become warmer, due to the fact that more green houses are releasing gases to the atmosphere. The acidity of our water facility also increase, because when it rains, the carbon dioxide released from these green houses is absorbed by the waters. This will therefore endanger the lives of the living things in the water and also living things that rely on the oceans for water. Global warming has led to the loss of biodiversity in situations where most species are not able to adjust to the raised level of temperature on the surface of the earth. It also becomes a threat to human survival, since humans depend on plants, some animals and water to survive. If the health and quality of all these factors are compromised, the health of humans may become hectic after the consumption. Basically, climate changes have affected the level of food supplies, breeding habits and life cycles from the cause of death of microorganisms, animals and plants.

The extent to which we use our resources, could also contribute to global climate change. Through the use of our resources to create new technologies, for instance, cutting down trees and burning them to create coal, becomes a major threat to our environment. Trees are purposed to attract rain as well as act as wing breakers. Therefore, when we cut them down, we will clearly interfere with rains and when they are expected. The rains however, they may start, but they are likely to be acidic due to the absorption of gases released to the atmosphere. It is therefore necessary for organizations and nations to come up with ideas to discover technologies without interference of the serenity of our environment. All humans are also responsible for creating a healthy environment for all existing living things.

However, such environmental issues may tend to continue happening due to the various barriers that humans have placed to understand the effects of any activities. Understanding human psychology will be a great approach to understand the need to keep a healthy and safe environment (Schott, 2010, p. 16). Understanding human motives on reasons why they engage in activities that could affect the environment in one way or another. Firstly, getting information and weighing options for different activities to attain a certain purpose, should be the main procedure of undertaking an activity. This will help one understand the physical and social environment and the effects it will create to these humans and other living things in this environment.

  1. Social and Economic Impact of the Issue

Global climate change has affected the lifestyles and the standards of living of living things and humans. The fact that climate changes have interfered with the normality of nature, such as the quality of water from rainfall, and quality of air that is a necessity for most living things including humans. Through such changes, it leads to high level of immigration by living things in areas with enough and quality necessity to sustain them and their families. For instance, a contaminated river that is a source of a number of wild beasts or the river runs dry due to the effects of global climate change, will force the animals to migrate to other areas in search of quality and enough water. However, such changes cause an effect to the economy of an area. In most areas, agriculture and tourism are major contributors to their economies, and therefore in the case of the migration of the wild beasts in search for quality water and enough, would affect the level of tourist who viewed the beasts at their original location in recent times, thus affecting income through tourism. However, if the quality of rainfall its poor, it will mean that a number of great foods planted in farms would be destroyed due to the acidic aspects of the raindrops. Agriculture will therefore be compromised in that area and may need to spend more to cater for such challenges (Page, 2007, p. 42).

Local area leaders should therefore consider contributing to reducing the level of global climate change, by first understanding the major contributors to their economy, and work to stop all activities that would interfere with the major sectors that contribute to the economy. In most cases, in order to have an environment that is fully secure, social aspects and economical aspects will have to operate together to create a structure that is well appreciated by every person. However, humans also have a responsibility of taking care of the natural resources. This is to ensure that, activities that contribute to global warming are minimal for the sake of the living things.

  1. Personal Suggestions for Preservation and recovery of Environmental Problem

Environmental issues are challenges that need to be taken care of by coming up with right procedure and regulations that would ensure that such issues do not happen to the society and the environment. It is important to consider that the ecosystem services are well protected and maintained in order for other coming generation to be able to benefit from them. However, there is need to come up with regulations that pertain conflicting situation of meeting needs and protecting the ecosystem. In some areas, people earn a living from the available resources in the area. It is therefore necessary considering the regulations in ethical, economical and ecological aspects.

The preserving of the environment as well as solving the environmental issues need to be considered fully, that is both the living and non-living things. Most of these living and non-living things, usually rely on each other in various ways. The taking of precautions to protect the environment also involves the relationship between humans and the biophysical environment. The human environment is usually generalized by the cultural, social and economical aspects of the environment.

The conception of the human-nature relation of humans in considering regulations that will help to protect and preserve the environment, will determine the preservation of the environment. Therefore, the conception that the natural resources are usually to be utilized by man fully in order to earn a living from the resources. This is a dangerous conception since humans will destroy all the natural requirements needed  to protect the environment in the name of meeting human needs, such as food, shelter and clothing. If the environment is polluted that it interferes with the atmosphere of the earth, it would lead to an avoidable situation. Climate change could occur due to enhancing such activities and therefore reduce the availability of water and food, which are necessities. Many living things may die because of the basic requirement that keep them live.

However, in areas that are considered to highly rely on industrial activities, there will be a need for regulation to be set into place to ensure that recycling of materials is done to avoid polluting the environment as well as the gases produced during industrial processes to avoid releasing harmful gases in the air. The gases be absorbed by the rains that fall into oceans, seas, rivers and other water catchment facilities that are relied on by living things. If this happens, it will mean that the quality of the reserved water is compromised and could affect the health of living things. Moreover, it is a requirement for all organization and individuals to preserve the environment for a better future.











Hardy, J. T. (2003). Climate change: Causes, effects, and solutions. New York: J. Wiley.

Page, E. (2007). Climate change, justice and future generations. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Schott, C. (2010). Tourism and the implications of climate change: Issues and actions. Bingley, U.K: Emerald.