Sample Essay Paper on Water Resources Engineering

Water Resources Engineering

Global hydrological pattern (in land, water bodies and air) and water resources are highly affected by frequent changes of climate. The most crucial change factor being experienced is increase in global warming. This is causing huge impacts on human survival in terms of economic sustenance, healthy co-existence in societies and environmental safety. Although availability of water plays a significant role in human life and activities, drastic changes in climatic conditions have occasionally led to limited supply of water thereby affecting human life especially in arid and semiarid regions (MacCarthy, 2001, pp.195-200). This is due to reduction in the amount of ground flow waters, stream ecosystems, reservoirs, wetlands, rivers and aquifers, which offers immediate source of water. Another important factor considered in this article is the quality of water available for human life and socio-economic purposes particular industrial operations (MacCarthy, 2001, p.195-196). Reliability of water supply ensures sustainable economic development as many industrial activities are sustained thereby favoring productivity and social well being.

However, this cannot be achieved unless effective water engineering plans and processes are implemented. Of critical importance to water engineers is constant maintenance of availability of these resources even when climatic changes dictates otherwise. For instance, in dry regions, water is scarcely available. Therefore, effective planning and development of water resources in such regions need full support of water engineers who can develop and implement water-based research strategies, carry out periodic assessments on successes or limitations being experienced and offer appropriate guidance on possible mitigation mechanisms. Factors of concern to water engineers include data collection and monitoring, patterns in water variations, development and use of analytical tools, decision making tools and management strategies (MacCarthy, 2001, p.226). These would enable effective water management and adaptation to climatic changes.
























MacCarthy, J. J. (2001). Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability; contribution of Working Group II to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.