Sample Health Care Research Paper in the United States

Health Care in the United States

Introduction

The United States has done very well in so many sectors of the economy for a very long time now due to its wealth in minerals, a strong democracy, and a fair income for every American citizen (Moran 199). However, despite all these successes, it has had serious challenges with healthcare. It is for this reason that the Obama administration has laid much emphasis on provision of healthcare. It is ironical for the United States to face healthcare challenges yet it is a world leading economy. Whereas the United States has taken drastic measures by allocating huge amounts of money to health care, so much still needs to be done to enable fair competition with other large economies like France and the United Kingdom (Gibson and Sigh 2011).

Despite the dismal performance of the United States in the healthcare sector, all is not lost if strategic reforms and priorities are put in place. The health sector has had a bias towards budgeting and allocating funds for curing the diseases. This approach definitely has been seen not to work because many cases of diseases have been reported. It is hard to predict how often people are likely to fall sick. It is therefore time to allocate more resources to providing preventive care. Preventive care in this sense means that all population dynamics should be put into the budget.

A strong economy depends on the ability of the workforce to provide healthcare that is affordable. As things are right now, this responsibility has been abdicated by the government and the workers’ wellbeing has been left at the hands of private entities and employers. This is a very risky situation that may affect the economy of the United States directly. The mature and aging citizens who are still working need their health taken care of to maintain their productivity. Healthcare is also good for sustaining the private business so as to offer a fair competition to other businesses at the world stage. The government needs to provide sustainable healthcare solutions so as to stabilize other sectors of the economy.

There have been various way suggested the employers can provide affordable healthcare to its employees including the popular buy downs where drugs are made affordable and easy to access by the employees. This method involves deducting some amounts from employees pay to help mitigate for their health. Provision of insurance has also been adopted by the private companies where employees pay is deducted monthly to the insurance companies who provide medical cover for the employees. However, insurance companies have had serious integrity issues and have ended up not providing adequately as expected. Funds meant for employees’ healthcare have been embezzled leading to poor provision of services (Reid 2009).

Private hospitals have been able to win lucrative contracts from employer companies for provision of medical care. Toa great extend they have provided satisfactory medication but it is way above reach for ordinary people. These hospitals take care of those financially strong only. On the other hand, insurance companies are driven by insatiable appetite for profits. This therefore means patients who are considered very ill do not make desirable clientele for the insurance companies. Insurance companies are very reluctant to insure terminally ill patients. These patients are considered expensive to treat and therefore bad for business. These companies are also selective in their provision of insurance to people in areas prone to various outbreaks of diseases. The selective provision of healthcare has left many citizens suffering. Insurance companies have also been known not to disclose to the insurer how much their insurance can cure. The sole intention is provide selective medication. The total effect of all this is a slowdown in economic growth. It is in consideration of all this that reform is considered inevitable. In addition, the government must take the initiative of protecting its economy from unscrupulous business people.

There is consensus more than ever before that the government needs to provide a people centered healthcare that is very comprehensive. The healthcare system should also be geared at offering preventive Medicare as opposed to cure. The advantage of this is the affordability that comes with it. Lifestyle diseases like diabetes and obesity, which are more expensive in treating could not be there in the first instance.

Reforms in America have been slow especially in the provision of medical care. Healthcare should be paramount and that is why it begs the question. How much is the state expected to do in relation to healthcare of its citizens, is healthcare a right, privilege or responsibility?

 Right

A right is a legal entitlement that can be laid claim to. All American s have an entitlement to right to health care as provided by the laws of the land. The United States has the financial muscle to guarantee this right but only if sound policies are put in place. During his campaigns for the United States presidency, Obama repeatedly stated that health care is a right of every American and his government had the responsibility of passing adequate legislation that would address this (Barr 2002). The economy depends heavily on the wellbeing of its citizens and therefore the country is supposed to ensure that every citizen is able to offer maximum production (Shi and Sigh 2008).

Whereas the right to healthcare has not been fully enjoyed in the United States, American laws have had this right all along. In the declaration of independence, among the unalienable rights the law provides, is that of life. To ensure that life is protected, healthcare among other life preserving methods are employed. By virtue of this healthcare insurance and health care provision is a matter of right.

Those against the government provision of healthcare and making it a right, view this as a responsibility of every individual to provide for their own healthcare needs. However, this position is not popular at all and has been dismissed by the majority.

It cannot be justified why an individual should die from an ailment or die because of cancer because he cannot afford to pay for the medical bills. Insurance companies frustrate citizens and at time cap their compensations at a certain amount after which the patient is left on their own.

President Obama had an extensive raft of reforms in mind. Among the laws enacted by the president to cushion citizens from medical bankruptcy are the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. This Act enacted to remove caps put on healthcare and ensure that all Americans can enjoy their health rights. This law put to an end the enduring life young people had to put up with managing health insurance by making it their right to enjoy insurance for the rest of their lives. People of less than 26 years were also allowed to continue enjoying cover given for their parents. This was basically a plus because it was extended by the law. As a matter of right, the government took the initiative to provide preventive health care solutions that were much cheaper. The reason why this law was seen as very appropriate was the fact that there was consensus to the fact that healthcare was an entitlement to the people or properly put, a right (United States and Congress 2010).

While the law was being enacted, during debate several senators notably Sanders acknowledged that healthcare was a right based on what damage lack of it would do to the economy and wellbeing of the American population. Just as countries treat housing and education as being rights to its citizens, healthcare should not be treated as a privilege for some people (Tracy and Feulner 2012).

Everybody has a right to life and anything that can be prevented or cured from taking away life gives the person claiming it a right. The senator was strongly in support of strong legislation that would adequately cover the citizens healthcare needs. A healthy nation is more productive. It only makes sense if the government becomes the primary source of the healthcare to avoid cartels commercializing such a critical aspect.

The American system as is set now favors private healthcare providers which sole intention is the profits they make. The American government has abdicated one of its very important responsibilities to its citizens. Apart from the government providing health care for every citizen, it has to provide strict legislation to monitor and ensure that private healthcare arrangements do not fleece citizens’ hard-earned dollars for poor services.

There have to be laws that regulate healthcare providers including insurance companies so that there is transparency and accountability. The government should also make sure that private healthcare insurers do not concentrate so much on huge spending on employee recurrent expenditure and advertising at the expense of the core mandate that is healthcare provision insurance. Much of the cash should improve lives of citizens having in mind that it is a right to them.

There is urgent need for an affirmative action and the president has demonstrated that it is possible for every American citizen to enjoy healthcare as a matter of right and not as a privilege.

Healthcare is a right of all American citizens and if this is guaranteed, then we are most definitely going to have a healthy economy. Production is also likely to increase and the other hand cutting down on bankruptcies likely to arise out of unaffordable healthcare.

Privilege

A privilege is immunity or an advantage that can be advance to particular people; this therefore there is some form of biasness or inclination. Those that are privileged in the United States are the wealthy can afford the most expensive healthcare services. A privilege is for a few people and is therefore not an entitlement (Naden 2010).

While reiterating the importance of healthcare to the Americans, Obama stated that it is not a privilege bit rather a right. Obama was calling upon the republicans to have the interest of American livelihoods at heart and guarantee what is rightfully theirs to demand.

However thee are thus who feel that healthcare does not need such drastic reforms at the moment because Americans have not fully taken advantage of what is provided now by various players into the American society. Some legislators were concerned that providing such healthcare would be tantamount to embracing socialism. This will therefore mean that the government is thrust back to the limelight and becomes a bigger player. There is need for Americans to realize that there is so much to healthcare that exists already and the Americans should take advantage of. The problems faces now are not realistic and reflective of the situation as it is. Insurance companies are very important players and can provide sufficient healthcare covers.

Former governor Arnold Schwarzenegger who was a governor of California was a very big critic of the universal healthcare where the government was to take care of healthcare for its citizens. The former governor had a strong belief that this was not necessary since the insurance companies, the doctors, and those people seeking medical care should have a free liberal way of deciding how they wish to interact without government interference.

There was this belief that if the government waded in, then services will meteorite and it would create a far much worse situation than it currently is. The governor in demonstration of his belief vetoed the bill proposed to make it the responsibility of California to provide healthcare to its people. The former governor was also oft the view that such venture was not cost effective and neither would it solve the healthcare problems faced by the Americans. The decision to reject the bill was however not so popular because most legislators supported Obama’s view of healthcare being a right and not a privilege as seen by Arnold Schwarzenegger (Sherrow 2009).

There are also those proponents who believe that a right is earned and therefore a right to healthcare should be earned otherwise it is a privilege. These proponents are of the view that one cannot demand healthcare from another person’s business entity because it is fundamental for them to have. The service providers also have rights that need to be respected to safeguard their businesses and profession. Continued demand of this nature will make the providers lose morale and zeal to provide them. It is therefore a privilege and to get it, it has to be earned. This means people should work hard to earn healthcare. Making it a right will promote laziness and corruption and is likely to kill private healthcare providers.

Every citizen should work hard to earn some cash so as to access the best services including healthcare. Making healthcare a privilege however has the risk of hurting those who cannot afford healthcare and those who suffer from terminal illnesses like cancer. Insurance companies and other private healthcare providers are not willing to compensate for illnesses that are bound to eat on their profits.

Responsibility

Responsibility only comes with a right. This therefore means that if there is a right to receive healthcare, then the responsibility is bestowed against the government to ensure that that right is respected and implemented. Bestowing a responsibility on other citizens will also not be fair. It is also a characteristic of socialist societies. Responsibility is multifaceted and may be upon every other person including self to be responsible for personal healthcare.

Responsibility is multifaceted and therefore. If it is a right of Americans to healthcare, then it is the responsibility of the government to guarantee it. It is also a responsibility of every Americano seek preventive heal care solutions to minimize on the likely high cost of medication. Healthcare providers also have to be responsible enough to genuinely provide medical services beneficial to the people and avoiding corruptions and insatiable thirst for profits (Danier, Gastmans and Vandevelde 2013)

Conclusion

The argument on weather healthcare is a right, privilege or responsibility may not end soon. But where healthcare becomes a right to Americans, then the state has the mandate to ensure that healthcare provision is available for all Americans equally without any form of discrimination or any bias of any kind.

The American president believes it is a right based on the American constitution and is determined to make legislation to make it clear for all. Where it is seen as a privilege, it means it is only accessible to the well off in the American society. Those who have no means to access such expensive healthcare needs are left on their own to suffer. Responsibility on the other hand is a mandate of every individual. Citizens have a mandate to seek preventive healthcare. The state on the other hand has the mandate to provide healthcare where it is a right.

It is currently agreed by so many leaders that healthcare is a matter of right than it is a privilege or a responsibility. This view is so because of the enormous damage healthcare issues raring to a working population can have on any economy. The government has vast resources and it being the wealthiest, can afford to offer health insurance to every American for their lifetime. With a proper understanding of the here terms, Americans are able to exercise a sense of responsibility so as the make the government efforts complimentary rather than absolute where individuals abdicate their responsibility to manage their health.

References

Barr, D. A. (2002). Introduction to U.S. health policy: The organization, financing, and delivery of health care in America. San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings.

Gibson, R., & Singh, J. P. (2011). The battle over health care: What Obama’s reform means for America’s future. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

In Denier, Y., In Gastmans, C., & In Vandevelde, T. (2013). Justice, luck & responsibility in health care: Philosophical background and ethical implications for end-of-life care.

Moran, M. (1999). Governing the health care state: A comparative study of the United Kingdom, the United States and Germany. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Naden, C. J. (2010). Health care: A right or a privilege?. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark.

Reid, T. R. (2009). The healing of America: A global quest for better, cheaper, and fairer health care. New York: Penguin Press.

Sherrow, V. (2009). Universal healthcare. New York: Chelsea House.

Shi, L., & Singh, D. A. (2008). Delivering health care in America: A systems approach. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.

Tracy, B., & Feulner, E. J. (2012). The American spirit: Celebrating the virtues and values that make us great. Nashville, Tenn: Thomas Nelson.

United States. (2010). The patient protection and affordable care act.