Sample Healthcare Essay on Types of decision making

Types of decision making
How decisions are made in coalitions
In a coalition, decision making is usually made through consensus. This is because in most cases, there would be no decision that would be accepted wholly by all the parties. Despite this fact, in some instances, voting takes place to decide whether a decision will be accepted or not.
Types of decision making
In decision making, the style that will be used depends on the circumstance and nature of the decision to be made. In general, there exist four essential types of decision making including the directive, analytical as well as the conceptual and the behavioral styles. Under the directive style, the group leader resolves problems using the information that he/she possesses and does not consult, nor seek for any assistance from others. It is more or less the autocratic way of making decisions. Advantages of this type of style include improved and quick decision making, since no one questions or challenges the decision made (More & Miller, 2014 P. 150). It makes sure that compliance is adhered to in the work place as it focuses on goal attainment. It maximizes the control of the subordinates while at the same time enabling them to know what is expected of them. Disadvantages include the fact that it can be punitive and rarely rewarding. It also leads to minimal compliance and reduction of subordinate’s morale. At the same time, it inhibits two way communications and reduces staff innovation and creativity (Timby & Smith, 2013 P. 55).
Analytical style of decision making exists when the leader lacks sufficient information that is necessary to make an informed and effective decision. The leader therefore relies on others for the information though they do not indicate the problem. Their decision is therefore based on making decisions out of the rational data obtained (Gustafsson, 2006 p. 12). The advantage of this style of decision making include the ability of a leader to get hard and soft information from analytical sources (Sanderson, 2006). It has the drawback in that wrong information may arise out of wrong observation or idea.
Conceptual style of decision making entails the leader explaining the problem to the group members who in turn participate in finding solutions to the issue. Under this method, there is a broader perspective of analyzing a given situation unlike in directive or in analytical styles (Driver, Brousseau & Hunsaker, 1998). At the same time, more facts, knowledge and alternatives can be sought. This method also allows for clarifications as it leads to more satisfaction as a result of participation. It also leads to creativity as well as providing a long term benefit to the organization. The downside of the style includes the time consumed when making and reaching to a conclusion, which is more as compared to the other styles. At the same time, it may result in compromise in an event where no side agrees to the decision. This approach may also pose security issues to the organization since information may be leaked out.
The behavioral styles of decision making entail a situation where the leader explains the problem to a group or an individual, where they both try to negotiate a solution that both parties will embrace. It arises in situations where the leader is concerned with the achievements of the subordinates and is ready to listen and implement their suggestions. One of the advantages of this method is that it motivates the subordinates and makes them feel valued in the organization. It may therefore lead to more productivity and efficiency. This style is most likely to lead to compromise when the leader reflects the views of the workers so as to make them feel valued.

References
Driver, M. J., Brousseau, K. R., & Hunsaker, P. L. The dynamic decision maker: Five decision styles for executive and business success. New York, NY: toExcel; 1998.
Gustafsson, V. Entrepreneurial decision-making: Individuals, tasks and cognitions. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing; 2006.
More, H. W., & Miller, L. S. Effective police supervision. Boston: Newnes; 2014.
Sanderson, C. J. Analytical models for decision making. Maidenhead: Open University Press; 2006.
Timby, B. K., & Smith, N. E. Introductory medical-surgical nursing. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013.