Sample History Essay on American Politics

American Politics

Q2

The politics that is played in America has a greater influence that the political parties take in the political sphere. A political party is a union or a group of people that come together with an aim of achieving ordinary objectives that have been agreed upon by the members. The set up of political parties is based on the general interest of a group where the members liaise for pushing and fulfillment of policies. The parties are a very important section of democracy; they play a very active role of mobilizing people on political matters and influencing them to vote during elections. It is easy to bring together people is a society through political parties, whereby different issues concerning the society can be discussed, such as society growth and development. Through the political parties, citizens are able to add understanding about civic education, and they are offered platforms to be in the ruling government.

One can either be in the government as a government supporter or in the opposition. The political parties comprise three sections, which include;

  1. The party in the electorate. It comprises voters who are inclined to support it.
  2. The party organization. This consists of the formal structure of party administrators and workers who try to pressure elections.
  • The party in government. It consists of those who win and take up the main office in the nation under the party label after elections.

The party that is in the electorate assists in picking the party in the government through primary elections. Enrollment of candidates in the parties is undertaken by the affiliate members of the party whereas the office holders have a great task in staffing party organization.

The American politics looks more into the masses that a particular party has achieved to recruit as many members as possible. The party with the highest number of members is always at the safest place in securing the government of America hence the ideologies of the party will be exercised. The ideologies in the party cannot elevate the political party in acquiring the status of leading the country, hence the main focus comes in the recruiting as many followers as possible.

During the campaign period, the party is actively involved in poaching as much followers as possible who give them support by accepting to vote for the party. The large populations stand on a particular political party is influenced by the numbers that the party holds, this influences the population on the party to vote for without considering what they stand for. There has been a massive polarization thought in the American political sphere, a situation where individuals have different interests hence they lack a common voice. Division has greatly hit the political parties rendering to indifferences among the office holders and the members of the political party.

Partisanship is also another major challenge that is experienced in the political sphere involving the membership of the parties. Hence, the parties are used as elevators to the highest office. The fear of losing voters from the parties was experienced; this leads to preservation mechanisms that are used to maintain the voters in a party. Losing voters will translate to losing during the event of an election; the best and safest method to have the winning end is to make sure that the voters remain in the party.

 

 

Q3

The emergence of the federal government was a great eye opener to the Americans; this was in form of the American citizens getting quality rights from both the central government and the local government. The two forms of governments were very crucial in the general running of the American affairs as both governments kept an eye on one another in terms of the service delivery. This system led to monitoring of both the national and the local government, which was key to the public to identify what is best suited for them. Hence, the civic knowledge was passed down to the American citizens whereby they realized they had a say in the ruling government. Due to the civic education, the American citizens were in a position to question a particular government on issues pertaining service delivery, in the case where citizens were denied their rights, they were able to raise concerns over the same.

The set up of the local government was to have a close relation with the citizens and be informative to the citizen on what they are supposed to get from the national government as their right. It created a good platform for the public to raise their concerns in the public places, stage demonstrations, and engage the officials and be able to run for the positions in the office. Alexis de Tocqueville observed that the essence of the local government would be bringing the knowledge concerning the American citizens closer to them. He signifies this step to the school setup where science is learnt even in the lowest level of institutions. Hence, liberty is explained to the people on the grassroots, the way they will benefit from it, and the best way they will utilize it.

Liberty is the condition of life form free from oppressive restrictions in society forced by authority on an individual’s lifestyle, conduct, or political position. Liberty involves openness to formulate own alternatives for life and property; all this has to happen under the conditions that an individual does not interfere with other people’s rights to their life and property. Initially the local governments were for the people, fighting for their rights and creating more and more awareness about their rights. Today, the case is not the same concerning the local government in terms of liberization of people and creating of awareness among the citizens.

Things have changed where the local government has turned out to be an enemy of the American citizens rather than being a school to the locals. They have experienced many cases of exploitation from the local government themselves who are supposed to be safeguarding the interest of the locals. The local governments have been on the forefront to forcefully acquire the property of the locals because they take advantage of their know how to acquire public property.

  1. The local government needs to be involved in setting up and scrutinizing overall direction for its municipalities through long-term development. It sets the dream, and make sure it is attained. This is one of the most imperative roles of local government.
  2. Advocacy: the local government should advocate for a lot of enthusiasm on the behalf of the locals they represent to the national government.
  3. Representation: councils often correspond to their local society on materials of concern to the locals.

The local government should be at the fore front to ensure the following; Keep local and tribal land use plans, guarantee that thoughtfulness is given to local strategies when mounting a federal plan or management act, and Provision of early public notice. Instead, the local government has become a threat to liberty, since they go against the requirements in the provision, misuse of power, rampant corruption, and provision of poor services.

Q4

Faction can be identified as a group of individuals, such as political parties or other groups with a general political reason. A faction may comprise uneven sub-factions, parties within a party, which may be referred to as command blocs, or voting blocs. The individuals who comprise factions come together as a way of accomplishing the common targets they have set and advancing their agenda and position within an organization.

The representative principle monitors the rate of the consequence of factions since citizens choose their commendable members of their choice and taste to represent them in governmental bodies. Such representation helps to standardize and make everyone feel represented in the government at stake. The representatives have the mandate to represent the interest of those that choose them to the house since that is the core reason why they are in the office. Hence, it is expected that they offer their sacrifice on the best interests of the whole nation rather than to venture into their own factional interests.

The vast extent of the republic is the main shareholder in the effect of factions because it is less likely that faction will take place amongst representatives from a wide-spread geographic area. Most American citizens would also be inclined to make available a wider collection of candidates fit for office, and the bigger number of voters indemnifies better assortment and makes it much more likely that they will chase the interests that mount up to the advantage of all citizens rather than to a narrow faction. A diversity of interests that is amongst the electorate acts as a big role since it helps indemnify that no one interest group will accomplish high proportion.

The party in the electorate, the Electoral College, essentially improves the position of minority groups. This is practical when the voters of minorities in a State make the variation between winning all the State’s electoral votes or none of the State’s electoral votes. Since ethnic minority factions in the United States turn out to focus on the State with the many electoral votes, they suppose significance to presidential candidates well out of percentage to their number. This principle is also relevant to other interest groups like labor unions, and environmentalists among others.

The party organization campaign reforms were set following Watergate campaign indignity; the scandals concerned many things, including the unprincipled raising of enormous sum of campaign finances by the Nixon campaign. These funds were secretly raised in return for campaign guarantee to a range of interest groups. The modification included reporting, limits, and communal funding of presidential election.

The party in government boosts interest groups through offering more funds funding to these groups. The party, which is ruling has the mandate to register the interest groups hence they must sign and agree to the terms and conditions set.

 

 

 

 

 

Reference

Bessette J., & Pitney J. (2013). American Government and Politics: Deliberation, Democracy and Citizenship. Cengage Learning. Internet resource.