Different countries present different narratives about their experience during the Great war. In German, the feeling of the responsibility of Nazi time and the Holocaust reminds the hard moments of 1914-1918 conflicts. For Russia, the experience of heroism and immolation of the Great Nationalist War of 1945 is perceived the highest in the national vitality than tragedies of the WW1 and defeat and rotation. Putin’s governance currently mourned the deformations after the WW1 left many Russian spokespeople in the Soviet Democratic of Ukraine (Robert Strayer). The war also sounded different to various elements of the late Austro-Hungarian Kingdom. Austria regrets stained with nostalgia for its acclaims. Hungary finds it hard to take the injustice of the alliance of Trianon. Czechoslovakia attained independence and later blown up by Germany. France perceives the war as a tragedy but also a sacrifice to rescue their nation from Les Botches.
One impact of WW1 was that human cost was dreadful. Many people, including the military and fighters, lost their lives in the war. A large number of young men have swept away. In France, every managed thirty was forced to have 15 women. Potential people such as writers, artists, tutors, inventors, and prominent leaders were killed to terminate the war. Secondly, territories based in fight zones such as Serbia, Belgium, and Italy were destroyed (Robert Strayer). France was killed in the nation’s eastern and northern parts, where the stronghold continued to operate for four years. Some communities were wiped out, such as Courcelette. Agricultural areas were made useless by interrupting their performance and transforming the spaces for economic use, affecting those who relied on them.
In what ways do these individual experiences demonstrate new or distinctive features of the First World War compared to previous years/conflicts before 1914?
One of the features is that WW1 was a global war where more than thirty countries declared fight in the year 1914to 1918. The majority connected with their supporters, such as France, Serbia, Britain, and the U.S. (Robert Strayer). Secondly, it was considered better to defy the bullet than to die. WW1 did not happen by chance, but it was a result of human deeds and decisions.
How WWI Experiences Shape the Aftermath and Legacies Of WWI
First, WW1 transformed the nature of well-being. The technology was considered a vital component in the skills of war with aircraft and submarines. Abundant methodologies were invented during the fight for armaments’ construction and transformed other firms during the post-war years. Chemical weapons were employed while German applied poisoned gas at Ypres in 1915 (Robert Strayer). Secondly, modish surgery was invented during the WW1, where military and public hospitals operated as theatres of exploratory medical intervention. Many veterans withstood the conflict but were left crippled, mutilated, and deformed. They were referred to as broken faces whose situation was relieved by the creation of skin affixes. Blood stores were established after findings that blood could be protected from clotting.
What Extent Did the Experiences and The Aftermath of WWI Also Play Out In WWII?
The WW11 heightened the necessity for independence in most of the colonial kingdoms still under Europe. The Dutch were under Indonesia, Southeastern Asia under French and British in India. Secondly, as the WW1, WW11 lead to advancements in tech and medicine. Vaccines lowered death rates and promoted population development (Robert Strayer). Advances in computer essentialities and electronics were improved during WW11. Nuclear power firms were established as for the demand for atomic bombs by the Europeans during the war.
Varied meanings of decolonization regarding independence how they compare and contrast
Decolonization refers to a long, curled, and furious course by which protectorates attain their national determination for political autonomy from colonial urban power. It can also be perceived as a period of after colloquialism but unspoken in the belief of neocolonialism is why decolonization was unfinished. The latest colonialism in its distinct norms and outline extends over the 15th to 16th centuries (Ho Chi Minh). The first decolonization happened in the 18th century. The attainment of political autonomy marks decolonization, but the period, character, and lowness of decolonization campaigns differ substantially.
In some African territories, colonization was hardly done, and opposition movements of various associations and institutionalization accompanied the whole colloquialism project. Decolonization can also be perceived as two forms based on nationalist triumph (Ho Chi Minh). The first one is grounded on social marshaling in which indiscriminate anticolonial oppositions are viewed contemporaneously into centralized citizens’ associations by the western learned elite.
How Did Authors Articulate Their Hopes, Calls to Action, and Goals for National Liberation?
One way is by helping people eradicate poverty through rendering worth education that makes them ready in advance by having careers and get work that makes them composed. Also, allowing them to know others will enable them to gain a reasonable living to bring up their children in an extraordinary life. Secondly, it will enable individuals to promote social unification, especially the crippled, the old, and the youths destitute. When people are empowered or trained in whichever situation of life, it lowers social gaps (Jawaharlal Nehru). When they are enabled, their self-esteem is raised, and when happy, they are encouraged to unify people, learn from others, and share their life experiences with others. Thirdly, they can express their goal by enabling people to attain full employment and a decent job. When people are equipped with education, they get a better opportunity to live a happy life and seek good work to be employed and in need.
To What Extent Did Their Historical Circumstances Influence Their Understandings of Decolonization
The historical situation of Informal Kingdom as a Continuation of Pragmatism expresses that the improvement of special Anglo-American friendship and closer collaboration with the European were results and decolonization causes. The impacts were intended to allow Britain to achieve similar welfare without the kingdom’s economic and military deadweight. Also, irregularities in Britain’s strategy were objected to and overcame (Robert Strayer). The consequential point to which decolonization and breaking up of earlier European kingdoms was solved by imparting unofficial and invisible domains.
Some ramifications of the decolonization are that self-government levels heighten sharply as the protectorates achieved internal independence in the period before their self-government. Clashes, economic development, and revenue development didn’t roundly vary before and after self-government. Accounting for colonist institutions or domestic autonomy timing generates the same results (Robert Strayer). Except for endogenous gains, even if the European colonist kingdom established destructive long-term impacts, decolonization displayed low noticeable political consequences than believed
Different Effects of Economic Globalization
Globalization gives enterprises a competitive advantage by enabling them to get raw materials at lower prices at their sources. Provides companies with a chance to reduce labor costs in growing countries while ever gaining technical skills and experience of matured economies. Secondly, it impacts to service. Many businesses based in U. S have redistributed their Call centers or IT services to firms in India (Nehru). As a constituent of NAFTA in the United States, automobile firms moved their work to Mexico where labor cost is low. The results are many chances of jobs which impact the national economy hence improved good living.
Thirdly the benefit of customers is experienced. Globalization reduces the cost of production. Therefore, customers acquire goods at reduced prices from companies, an aspect that provides improved living standards. Customers are supplied with various products to choose from, thus providing good health due to a healthier diet (Michael, VannGetz & Liz Clarke 2019). Fourthly, globalization leads to income inequality and differences between the learned and less-learned individuals in the community. Therefore, unskilled employees may be impacted by reduced wages.
What Ways Have Global Economic Linkages Deepened in the Last Half of the Twentieth Century?
One way is that improvements in technology have magnificently lowered the cost of transport and communication, enabling economic globalization. Shipping cost has been reduced to half of the year 1930 and freight a sixth while telecommunication is one percent. In 1990 the cost level lowered again by eighty percent (Kiehl). The time and space condensation impact of technological improvement reduces the cost of international marketing and investment, enabling organization and global manufacturing coordination. Secondly, Multinational corporation has developed into the movers of economic mobilization. They are worldly arranging production and designating resources regarding the basis of profit accumulation.
The global spread is improving macroeconomic tools of the process of global economies. Thirdly, the development of economic growth is an operation of global industrial reconstruct and readjustment. With the improvement of science and tech and acceleration of profit level, all nations’ industry framework is going through rehabilitation and upgrading. Besides, growing nations are gently adapting knowledge economy and have begun to shift to increasing countries, several labor-intensive firms of unsteady international competition (Schumacher). These activities of cross-country movement are driving forward growth of economic mobilization
What Factors Contributed to Economic Globalization
The prices of ocean shipment have reduced due to containerization, mass shipping, and other prowess (Schumacher). The reduced unit price of shipping goods across the global economy nears the production costs to those in export shopping areas.
Rapid and continuous technological transformation has lowered the cost of transporting and conveying information. It is referred to as the death of distance, a major element behind a business in knowledge goods using website technology.
Economies of Scale
Economist accredits the acceleration in the MES identified with some firms. If the minimum efficient scale is increasing, the national market is considered small to fulfill the firms’ selling demands (Schumacher). Developing nations own transnational companies.
Differences in Tax Systems
The interest of enterprises to gain from reduced unit labor prices and affirmative production elements has influenced many nations to regulate their tax structures to capture FDI. (Schumacher). Many countries have engaged in tax competitiveness, intending to win promising external investment projects.
Michael VannGetz and Liz Clarke, The Great Hanoi Rat Hunt: Empire, Disease, and Modernity in French ColonialVietnam.(2019
Robert Strayer, Thinking through Sources: Ways of the World: A Brief Global History, with sources, vol. 2, 4thedition
Robert Strayer, Ways of the World: A Brief Global History, with sources, vol. 2, 4thedition