Architecture, Building and Planning
Traditionally, the architectural buildings and constructions were made of ancient Greek and Roman artistic designs. In the wake of 15th century, the architectures started reviving and developing particular elements of the ancient Greek and Roman designs stylistically. One of the designs that were employed in that period was referred to as Renaissance Architecture. It comprised the use of geometry, application of mathematical patterns to obtain balance and proportion and regularity of parts. Previously, architects used complex systems such as irregular profiles of medieval buildings to obtain proportionality. This new knowledge was a development of the ancient Roman architecture that was used to build empires in most cases. The renaissance architecture involved use of pillars, columns and lintels to support structures. Geometry incorporated the use of hemispherical domes, semicircular arches and aedicule to construct a structure. A good example is the temple in Montorio, Rome known As Tempietto Din San Pietro built in 1502 by an architect called Bramante.
Baroque classicism succeeded the renaissance architecture as it sort to bring a bit of class and uniqueness in constructions. Classicism was invented with an aim of adding aesthetic beauty to the constructions. As a result, new art techniques such as form, light and shadow, and dramatic intensity were unearthed. This genre of architecture generally brought antiquity, social class, standards and distinguished individuals defined by buildings they owned. New classic styles such as visual images, qualities of balance, effective paintings and enlighten in structures. One of the successful structures to employ Baroque Classicism was the Church Of The Gesu in Rome, Italy. The church was built on a combination of the renaissance architecture, which involved the use of pillars and geometry, and Baroque Classicism that furnished it with aesthetic beauty. Therefore, the two eras of architectures introduced classicism in English construction in the seventeen century.