Sample Law Paper on criminal justice.

There is a set of legal and social institutions for enforcing criminal law following a
defined set of procedural rules and limitations in every country or state. Since time immemorial,
people who defile these regulations must face justice under the law. Incarcerated people are in
for a correction, and most of them feel stigmatized due to their actions. After they are released
from prisons, some develop a negative attitude towards their society and feel like society cannot
accommodate them. The society looks at people who were incarcerated as inferior and defined
them in light of the worst things they have ever done. Society stigmatizes imprisoned people,
which torments their will and obligation to show change and give back to the community what
they lost during the incarceration period (Fund, Children’s Defense. 2007). Different faith-based
organizations and churches have come up with strategies to restore dignity for the incarcerated
people in the society. However, it has not been easy, and the church faces obstacles and
challenges while working with youth, men, women, and families affected by criminal justice.

Behavioral Change

According to a survey conducted by a prison fellowship, about 700,000 people are
released from prison. The sad reality is many of them aren't any better than they first went to jail.
This behavior change has dramatically affected the church's involvement with such incarcerated
individuals. Some become more violent, and others acquire other vices they didn't possess before

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going to prison. Such occurrences poses a challenge to the churches while institutionalizing
transition support to the inmates who leave prisons (Fund, Children’s Defense. 2007).

Lack of criminal justice support system

The church has a tremendous opportunity and responsibility to take seriously the pain and
suffering of all the people regardless of their situations. According to Rev Jim Young of the
center for family and community ministries, the church should develop a restorative justice team
that ensures compassionate and knowledgeable ministry is provided to crime victims.

Misguided Criminal Justice Policy

Christians worldwide should emphasize the importance of proportionality in punishment,
the possibility of redemption and transformation, and the necessity of pursuing justice that
restores. The criminal laws should be evaluated and eliminated in cases where there is
insufficient criminal intent. The church has a roll in reviewing laws that Frustrate the criminal
justice victims and their families who cannot navigate these complex justice systems
(Hendrichson et al., 2012).

Authors Moving Us beyond the More Populist Narrative of Black Males in Prison
Around five decades since African- Americans won their civil rights, hundreds of black
people have lost their liberty. The US government has actively fueled the so called 'black crime'
via policy decision during the so-called War on Crime and War on Drugs. The likely hood of a
black man to spend time in prison at one point in his life is 1 in 3. This translated into about 40%
of those incarcerated to be black people (Alexander, Michelle., 2010). In an attempt to criticize
this outcome, scholars have long analyzed the connection between race and America's criminal

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justice system. They argue that the growing penal system with its black tinge constitutes nothing
less than a new form of Jim Crow analogy (Alexander, 2020). Crow’s analogy draws attention to
black men's plight, whose opportunities in life have been permanently diminished by the loss of
citizenship rights and the stigma they suffer as convicts.
Authors have relentlessly critiqued the penal law of mass incarceration of black male
offenders as a predicament of that era. Scholars have examined the collateral consequences of
criminal convictions of black people, which seems to have adverse effects on their social life
some; depending on the state of the offense, a black convict might become ineligible for health
and welfare benefits, food stamps, public housing, student loans and certain types of employment
(Alexander, 2020). This stigma increases their social and economic marginalization and
encourages crime because more black males are in prison than the white male convicts.
Each and every year, millions of children and youth are exposed to violence in their
homes, schools, and communities. These experiences expose them to mental health and
substance use disorders, school failure, increased risk-taking, and delinquency (Ford et al.,
2010). Majority of youth involved with the juvenile justice system experience traumatic events,
with at least 75% having experienced traumatic victimization (Abraham et al., 2013). On the
other hand, the church has a vital role in addressing trauma among incarcerated youths in various
ways. The church can establish trauma-informed seminars to reach out to incarcerated youths
and create awareness of the impacts of crime in the young generation.
The church also establishes social support groups where those affected by trauma can get
counseling and emotional support in their communities through outreach programs. Incarcerated
youths can be involved in positive engagements and meaningful activities e.g., education and

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skill-based training as an essential component of successful rehabilitation through the church's
support. The church can also address trauma in a culturally informed way by organizing effective
screening and treatment camps, improving youth's behavioral health outcomes, leading to less
delinquency and substance use.

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Work Cited

Case Western Reserve University. "Addressing trauma in juvenile offenders should be larger
focus of rehabilitation, study finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 February, 2016.
Abram, Karen M., et al. PTSD, trauma, and comorbid psychiatric disorders in detained youth.
Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 2013.
Alexander, Michelle. The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. The
New Press, 2020.
Henrichson, Christian, and Ruth Delaney. "The price of prisons: What incarceration costs
taxpayers." Federal Sentencing Reporter 25.1 (2012): 68-80.
Taifa, Nkechi. "Clemency: An Inside Story from a Progressive Advocate." Fed. Sent'g Rep. 29
(2016): 234.
American Psychiatric Association, “Posttraumatic stress disorder. Arlington”, VA:
Author.2013: 20-37
Fund, Children’s Defense. "Americas cradle to prison pipeline." Washington, DC (2007).