Sample Literature Review on Nutritional Influences on the Lifestyle

Literature Review Regarding the Nutritional Influences on the Lifestyle


            Healthy eating habits depends on the lifestyle that a person lives. Most people live in environments that do not satisfy healthy balanced diet. In order to maintain the body’s fitness, people should eat a balanced diet and do practice often. For the body to function properly, it requires proper maintenance and a healthy eating routine. A healthy eating habit does not mean eating foods and sugars that people love most, but moderation of many types of food. Many people eat food rich in calories and fats, which can contribute to diseases such as obesity. A good nutritional lifestyle means existence full of all types of healthy food and a life full of exercises, in both adults and children (Van der Horst et al. 203-223). The body uses the many types of foods in growth of all its body parts such as tissues, joints among others. This paper explains how obesity, one of the nutritional epidemics, is caused by a lifestyle of bad eating habits.

How Obesity Is Influenced By Nutrition

Obesity is a nutritional disease, which occurs both in children and adults. It is experienced in the whole world by people of different ages, but it mostly occurs in men. This is due to bad eating habits, which people have adopted and displaced traditional foods, which were very healthy. Obesity is mostly caused by foods with a lot of cholesterol, sodium, and fats. People who are always very inactive can also be affected by obesity due to lack of exercises. Obesity has been very burdensome to people, as many do not enjoy the condition. Most of the youth affected by obesity mostly spend their time watching television and others on computers. They do not give themselves time to go for exercises. According to research, their body functions differently in terms of how they capture, store, and burn the food eaten to produce energy. Their genes react in a different way to the food consumed, which leads to obesity. The environment and food mostly eaten can contribute to obesity (Van der Horst et al. 215-226). Those who live in environments with plenty of fatty foods may accumulate a lot of fat in their body.

Causes of Obesity

            Some of the factors that cause obesity are regarded to be modifiable or inflexible. This indicates that human can change some while others cannot (Moreno et al. 288-299). These aspects encompass age and genes. Age is not only about passage of time but also includes some biological health status. Passages of time and health status are regarded as chronological and biological phenomenon respectively. With regard to genetics, some people can possess genes, which are susceptible to aging and diseases, but at the same time live long because of eating a balanced diet. In the United States, a great number of citizens are obsessed. This has led to the emergence of health organizations and individuals to conduct a lot of research on the same. This has contributed to many studies concerning the same by thousands of people due to consumption of food rich in fat and calories than they are using. They consume extra energy than needed by their body.

Obesity exists in two groups; the two categories are genetics and environment and both causes obesity in a person (Van der Horst et al. 223). Environment involves factors, which are adjustable such as diet, and genetics involves non-adjustable aspects like genes and age and the two bring about obesity. Research has also shown that limited association and socialization of children with their parents can lead to obesity in children. Regional differences can also lead to childhood obesity (Moreno et al. 290). Those children who often walk or cycle to school have a lower risk of obesity than those who use cars on their daily basis to go to school. Cycling and walking are some of the physical activities that are said to prevent obesity in both children and adults.

Management and Treatment of Obesity

According to research, obesity in West Virginia is very rigorous, and intensive intervention should, therefore, be taken for its management and treatment. Research shows that persons affected by obesity in the US are mostly due to lack of leisure activities. According to statistics, 26.9% of Americans are affected by obesity with most of them being adults. Report shows that most of the affected people work in job positions, which do not involve physical activities. Management and treatment of obesity has not been very triumphant to most people. According to research, those who lose weight often regain it after five years, which makes the treatment of obesity not a permanent one. The regaining of the fat after treatment of obesity is usually due to the resting metabolic rate. Weight loss usually decreases with energy expenditure by a person (Tai-Seale and Chandler 144).

According to the current environment, it is becoming hard for people to maintain health weight due to the type of food they are consuming. In West Virginia, research has shown that most people can maintain their healthy weight with time (Moreno et al. 290). People who succeed in long-term weight loss in the treatment of obesity do so using strategies that include low fat in their diet, frequent physical activity, monitoring their body weight, and frequent checking of food consumed. Due to problems experienced with treating of diabetes, emphasis is being made to prevent obesity in both adults and children (Van der Horst et al. 223).

Research shows that there are many ways to prevent obesity such as breast feeding babies, restraining children from watching television frequently, and eating of balanced diet by both children and parents by avoiding consumption of food rich in calories and fat most of the time. The government can also help in preventing obesity by controlling the public health policy. This is done through imposing policies, which control the consumption behavior of people. The policies include high taxes on those foods with a lot of sugar and fats and limiting the advertisement of junk foods during children television programs. Teachers should also make sure that children always take part in school activities. This will reduce obesity steadily in the community. Obesity is thus caused by many factors grouped together, which are related to nutrition (Moreno et al. 290). In order for obesity to reduce in a community, it must first start with an individual and then spread to the whole community (Tai-Seale and Chandler 99-146).


In order to prevent and curb obesity, people should adopt healthy eating habits. However, healthy eating habits are not enough by heir own. Physical activities ought to be done frequently in order to prevent obesity. These include exercises such as riding bike, playing field games, and also walking to school by children or to work by adults. Adults should also engage in physical exercises like running and playing field games in order to reduce their weight. In order for children to be active in physical activities, the parents should also be practicing with them. People should always eat balance diet in order for their bodies to be healthy (Van der Horst et al. 223). Some of the many ways to prevent and treat obesity include programs of physical activity, dietary changes, and medication in some cases. Children are not often medicated but in adults there two medications. Those medications include sibutramine and orlistart; sibutramine changes the brain composition of a person while orlistat controls the how fats are assimilated in the intestines of a person


Research shows that, obesity affects people of all ages (Tai-Seale and Chandler 144). In order to prevent obesity children should try to avoid habits such as transport to school, computer usage for much time and much breakfast consumption. Parents should also encourage their children always to eat before sleeping, eat fried foods, and to do exercise regularly in order to prevent obesity. Adults especially men should adopt good eating habits and also learn to do exercises regularly to prevent obesity. People should take personal responsibility towards their heath not only for obesity but also for other nutritional diseases, which may be caused by failure to avoid them. A good nutritional lifestyle means routine full of all types of healthy food and a life full of exercises in both adults and children. People should frequently exercise and practice healthy eating habits in order to prevent those diseases that are influenced by nutrition.











Works Cited

Moreno, L. A., et al. “Assessing, understanding and modifying nutritional status, eating habits and physical activity in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.” Public health nutrition 11.03 (2008): 288-299.

Tai-Seale, Tom, and Coleman Chandler. “Nutrition and overweight concerns in rural areas: a literature review.” Rural healthy people 2 (2010): 99-146.

Van der Horst, Klazine, et al. “A systematic review of environmental correlates of obesity-related dietary behaviors in youth”. Health education research 22.2 (2007): 203-226.