Explanation of assignment:
A specific factor has been chosen and addressed. No references were provided since it was not a requirement of the question. the explanation will act as a guide to streamline the thinking process and will help in tackling the main issue of the question.
Question 1) Explain how the factor you selected might influence the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes in the patient from the case study you were assigned.
- The factor that may affect the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic processes is the age of the patient. Increased age is associated with reduced renal function and in turn, reduced renal clearance of the drugs. Hence, the dose administered will have to be reduced. There is also reduced metabolism in the liver by the hepatic microsomal system, and in turn this will lead to accumulation of drugs, especially if the patient has been given multiple drugs.
Question 2) Describe how changes in the processes might impact the patient’s recommended drug therapy. Be specific and provide examples.
- Drug doses should be reduced. Pls talk about the drug in this section more and hoe older age renal problem can affect the patient meds. This is because administration of multiple drugs with same doses will increase toxicity of the drugs and be harmful for the patient. Also, drug interactions should be monitored in order to prevent the cumulative effects of the drugs. In this case, the dose of aspirin could be reduced or cease using the drug.
Question 3) Explain how you might improve the patient’s drug therapy plan and explain why you would make these recommended improvements
- As a health care worker, the main responsibility is to educate the patient. Thus, the main idea here us to make the patient physically active, not doing strenuous activities, eat healthy and in the end, to reduce the dose of drugs that is required. The recommendations include: eating sufficient amounts of vegetables and fruits; encourage the patient to do minor exercises like walking; avoid fatty foods; reduce small intake; small meals at intervals, to prevent hypoglycaemia and reduce insulin outbursts.
I hope this helps. Thank you and all the best.