Sample Nursing Essay on Hypothyroidism


Hypothyroidism comes as a result of the production of low thyroid hormones in the body leading to low metabolic activities. The condition is caused by inactive thyroid glands due to sickness, use of some medications, radiation treatment, or even surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid hormones. All parts of the body depend on the thyroid hormone to have normal functioning, lack of which affects the whole body especially the critical parts like the brain and the heart.

Hypothyroidism does not have clearly set symptoms. Reduced levels of thyroid hormone cause the patient to feel cold, weak, tired, and becomes forgetful (American Thyroid Association, nd) This symptom can also be experienced if someone is suffering from a different condition, to determine whether someone is suffering from hypothyroidism, a blood test is carried out to determine the level of the thyroid-stimulating hormone(TSH).

One is likely to suffer from hypothyroidism if he is suffering from other conditions such as Hashimoto’s disease, thyroiditis, congenital hypothyroidism (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2013). The amount of Iodine in the diet can also cause the disease if it is either higher or lower than the normal levels that the body needs. Hypothyroidism does not have a cure, lifelong management through continued use of medications helps level up the thyroid hormone. However, people with viral thyroiditis or thyroiditis after pregnancy get back to normal thyroid function (American Thyroid Association, ND).

Some of the commonly known risk factors for hypothyroidism are a past thyroid problem, family history of thyroid disease, or presence of an autoimmune disease(US Department of Health and Human Services,2013) . With regular TSH check-ups and the use of medicine, one will acquire normal levels of thyroid hormones and therefore get normal body metabolisms.


American Thyroid Association. (nd). Hypothyroidism,

US Department of Health and Human Services. (2013) . Hypothyroidism, National Institute of Health, 13,6180.