Evidence-Based Practice Changes
Evidence-based practice has transformed the hospital discharge process area of nursing. The process of releasing patients from hospitals is marked by varied factors including patient circumstances and needs. The release planning is often challenging because healthcare providers have to formulate care plans and the support that the patients will receive after discharge (Curtis et al., 2017). In view of the above, Florence Nightingale envisioned nursing as a profession that could encourage nurses to improve their health and wellbeing. The environmental theory formulated by Nightingale in 1860 envisioned a seamless and effective discharge process (Karimi & Masoudi Alavi, 2015). The theory states that nurses need to make accurate observations about their patients and succinctly report the details to the physicians (Karimi & Masoudi Alavi, 2015).In addition, nurses are required to be loyal to the medical plans of their patients. Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, nurses have improved the discharge process to ensure that discharge is implemented based on accurate observations, as well as promote adherence to treatment plans during and after release.
Hospitals have implemented the best evidence practices relating to patient follow-up and discharge instructions. Care call represents a notable example of best evidence-based practice that facilitates the release process (Galinato et al., 2015). When patients are due for discharge, they are often impatient and ineffectual in retaining nurses’ instructions regarding medications. Care calls allow nurses to conduct follow-up on discharged patients, as well as answer pertinent questions. As Galinato et al. (2015) state, a nurse is expected to make calls to patients and caregivers up to 72 hours after discharge. Evidence shows that care calls reinforce the relationship between nurses and patients to improve patient’s satisfaction and health outcomes (Galinato et al., 2015). As such, care calls have constituted part of the release process and hospitals regard it as part of their best practices. As follows, nurses have streamlined the discharge process in the 21st century through evidence emanating from the institution of care calls practices.
Curtis, K., Fry, M., Shaban, R., & Considine, J. (2017). Translating research findings to clinical nursing practice. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 26(5-6), 862–872.
Galinato, J., Montie, M., Patak, L., & Titler, M. (2015). Perspectives of nurses and patients on call light technology. Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN, 33(8), 359–367.
Karimi, H., & Masoudi Alavi, N. (2015). Florence Nightingale: The Mother of Nursing. Nursing and Midwifery Studies, 4(2), e29475.