Sample on Encoding Assignment about the Health Impact of Cellphones

Encoding Assignment about the Health Impact of Cellphones


The issue concerning possible health impacts of mobile phone usage to ordinary citizens and mobile phone stations is fairly active in the public domain. Motivated by health risks, a new body of study has been commissioned in the United States and in other countries in an attempt to determine potential links between phone radiation and health conditions, including brain malignancy. With regard to the public, further scientific information about the effects of phone radiation on human beings is necessary.

Cell Phones and Brain Cancer: Emerging Evidence

A newly existing evaluation of this problem (presented at the World Health Organization supported seminar in Sicily in 2009) documented over 250 current and recently concluded surveys about potential health risks of RF strength, including 19 epidemiology studies, over 55 cancer-allied animal analyses, and seventy-five cellular studies (Ahlbom et al., 2009). Several main extensive epidemiology analyses were performed immediately after the Reynard case which raised the issue, and their outcomes have of late been documented (Moulder, Foster, Erdreich, & McNamee, 2005).

Most recently, in research issued in 2011, Otitoloju, Osunkalu, Oduware, Obe, and Adewale (2012) conducted a study of nearly 250, 000 Motorola workers representing 2.8 million persons exposed to phone radiation in a span of 20 years. The researchers reported that their results did not maintain a connection between work-related radiofrequency exposure and brain cancer. Other scientific studies on mobile phone users have generally recorded negative. In research that was achieved through press reporting even before it was issued in 2005, Moulder et al. (2005) assessed cell phone use in 200 Swedish brain cancer patients compared to 425 healthy people. The research was negative in all aspects that could connect phone radiation to brain malignancy. This analysis, though encouraging, has significant restrictions. The recent studies have restricted statistical electric power due to their controlled size and seem not to notice tiny increases in threats. Most prominently, phone radiation that can cause brain cancer needs decades to formulate and the analysis of these recent researchers may potentially ignore a threat that will only become noticeable after years of mobile phone usage.

Resolution of the Scientific Issues

However, the systematic study of this issue also contains findings of biological impacts of phone radiation strength at exposure levels below present exposure guidelines. Most of these impacts, nevertheless, are unclear or do not relate to health. Generally, the impacts tend to be small, evident only in groundwork studies, do not fluctuate in a conventional approach on exposure level, and cannot be established wholly by other scientists. However, the continued rise in high RF exposure above the recommended rate (0.6 V/m) in urban centers poses serious health risks. The graph below shows the worrying increase in artificial radiofrequency radiation in major towns in developed countries. The research from Russia, for example, has many accounts of impacts concerning RF radiation, sometimes at low exposure degrees that seem to be commonly lacking significant facts needed to determine their reliability, or are only presented to Western experts as brief summaries. Interpreting these diverse abstracts has become contentious among experts and inside the public domain for innumerable decades (Kan, Simonsen, Lyon, & Kestle, 2008).

Graph 1: Increase in Artificial RF Radiation in Major Urban Centers of Developed Countries

0.6 V/m the standard recommended level RF radiation exposure (Otitoloju et al., 2012)

Moreover, the scientific findings also contain a few arguments of human health conditions connected to radiofrequency radiation. Prominent among these encompass several documents of microwave illness to workers in production plants, manufacturing RF emitting materials in Russia. This illness, which was typified by unclear signs, for instance, headache and neurasthenia are presently not documented by American medicine. In reality, the analysis that describes the illness is too insufficiently disclosed to be independently assessed, or even have life-threatening methodological complications (Ahlbom et al., 2009).


In short, systematic queries regarding the health impacts of RF radiation at high exposure degrees seem to be revered and complex to reduce. Unless decisive new technical advances take place, the current condition will certainly persist, with health organizations unwilling to confirm low-level (below global regulations) degrees of RF radiation. Given the diverse (several thousand) bioeffects analysis concerning RF radiation, the probability of astonishing new disclosures seems isolated (Abdel-Rassoul et al., 2007). There is as well the need for vigilant assessment of the technical facts, and synchronization of universal exposure guidelines, which show wide disparities around the world. The WHO is getting a foremost role in these imperative responsibilities.


Abdel-Rassoul, G., El-Fateh, O. A., Salem, M. A., Michael, A., Farahat, F., El-Batanouny, M., & Salem, E. (2007). Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations. Neurotoxicology, 28(2), 434-440.

Ahlbom, A., Feychting, M., Green, A., Kheifets, L., Savitz, D. A., Swerdlow, A. J., & ICNIRP (International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection) Standing Committee on Epidemiology. (2009). Epidemiologic evidence on mobile phones and tumor risk: a review. Epidemiology, 20(5), 639-652.

Kan, P., Simonsen, S. E., Lyon, J. L., & Kestle, J. R. (2008). Cellular phone use and brain tumor: a meta-analysis. Journal of Neuro-oncology, 86(1), 71-78.

Moulder, J. E., Foster, K. R., Erdreich, L. S., & McNamee, J. P. (2005). Mobile phones, mobile phone base stations and cancer: a review. International journal of radiation biology, 81(3), 189-203.

Otitoloju, A. A., Osunkalu, V. O., Oduware, R., Obe, I. A., & Adewale, A. O. (2012). Haematological effects of radiofrequency radiation from GSM base stations on four successive generations (F1–F4) of albino mice, Mus Musculus. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 1(1), 17-22.