Sample Paper on New Technology in Law Enforcement

New Technology in Law Enforcement

The age old adage, “set a thief to catch a thief” has played an important role in catching up with the current crop of criminals, highly motivated through increased technological advancements. Crime is gradually shifting from manual to automatic or digital nature. Physical crime has been characterized by high levels of accuracy and law that has enabled criminals to brag and instill fear in the general public. Initially, law enforcement initiatives sort to engage the services of arrested highly sophisticated criminals to fight future crime in exchange of favorable sentences (Leitner, 2013). Money launders and computer geeks with criminal records found a new way to utilize their skills but the versatile nature of crime in technology has necessitated the study/ introduction of new tools. The innovations in technology have seen substantial increase in law enforcement initiatives in recent times. Notable devices that have taken law enforcement to new levels include Robotic Camera, The Gunshot Detection Technology Unit and The GPS Vehicle Pursuit Darts.

The introduction of a new category commonly referred to as “crime scene toys” has been a game changer for the law enforcement authorities. A prominent feature only epitomized in the movies finally made a mark in recent times. The Robotic Camera is currently utilized by law enforcers to survey and collect information from hostile situations guaranteeing the safety of the officers (Hess, Orthmann & Cho, 2013).  Common application of the camera is during hostage situations and the effectiveness in ensuring the safety of the hostages has been hailed by all national security stakeholders. The officers are able to verify the number of hostages, villains and logistical approaches meant for the rescue initiatives. The gadget can be hurled into a hostile situation with minimum damage to a tense live crime scene. The police dogs were previously engaged but the efficiency level in comparison to the Robotic Camera was minimal. The main advantage the Camera has over dogs is the inability to die or get injured. The Minnesota police department’s emergency response team has made the Robotic Camera a necessity in its operations (Hess, Orthmann & Cho, 2013). The “Recon Scout Throwbot”, a popular device with the emergency team has recorded commendable results in live-crime-scene combat. The device has also made property searching easy, especially where the building has multiple levels. The officers reported ease of access through throwing the device at convenient places. The law enforcers depict the device as a “force multiplier” that ensures field officers enjoy a critical advantage over villains. The drone is another technological revelation in security intelligence and law enforcement. The drone has been the most controversial gadget despite covering wider areas than the Robotic Camera that may prove inaccessible. The drone has a camera function that is necessary for surveillance and prompts accuracy in incident follow up. A critical advantage the drone has over the Robotic Camera is the added advantage through the ability to fly.

The Gunshot Detection Technology Unit is an installed system that works in a similar manner as the Closed Circuit Television, but specializes in identifying gunshots in crime-prone areas/ neighborhoods (Hess, Orthmann & Cho, 2013). The units are strategically placed on buildings or other permanent elevations that guarantee wide area coverage. During live incidences or fresh crime scene investigations, the system provides accurate information with regards to location of the assailant with the gun. The system indicates the specific point of the gunshot origin, a critical factor in shortening the law enforcers’ reaction time. The technology also uploads information about the shooting in a central data center and police car computers for effective logistics in officers deployment. This phenomenon has won praise for the police quick reaction forces/ teams.

The GPS Vehicle Pursuit Darts are quickly replacing the physical motor vehicle pursuit that has been dangerous to both the police and crime victims (Hess, Orthmann & Cho, 2013). The device is as a result of engaging wireless technology software by crime fighting agencies. The officers shoot the dart at a runaway vehicle and pursue the criminals from a safe distance. They are guaranteed of not losing the visual on the criminals as the magnetic component of the device firmly attaches the gadget on the vehicle. The minute device may go unnoticed for a long time and may be detached through remote control mechanisms.

In conclusion, New Technology generally transfers the analytical aspects and other logical procedures to enable the law enforcement officials perfect their physical responsibilities. The law enforcers enjoy more time in training for personal safety and safe criminal apprehension procedures as opposed to previous decades when a single operation would be solved alongside a massive claim on the lives of law enforcers (OECD., 2013). The law enforcers are digitalizing aspects within the criminal justice system previously defined by redundancy and procrastination. Live recording of statements at crime scene is effectively done through the use of tablets and iPads. The main challenge law enforcers’ encounter is having restricted budgets that cannot guarantee widespread use of technology. This includes expensive pricing of the associated gadgets and costly training of officers that needs constant upgrading. Maintenance and upgrade of the equipment is another critical consideration that has limited large-scale application. Technology becomes obsolete within a shorter time, an element criminals enjoy in undermining the law enforcement efforts. The new law enforcement landscape is literally using technology to hack into criminal systems. However, Criminals can no longer enjoy absolute anonymity because of the persistent and heavy technological investment by the law enforcement agencies (Loader & Thomas, 2013). Constant improvements have seen unlimited technological engagement in crime fighting.























Hess, K., Orthmann, C. & Cho, H. (2013). Police Operations: Theory and Practice. Boston; M.A: Cengage Learning.

Leitner, M. (2013). Crime modeling and mapping using geospatial technologies. Dordrecht; New York: Springer.

Loader, B. & Thomas, D. (2013). Cybercrime: Security and Surveillance in the Information Age. New York: Routledge.

OECD. (2013). OECD integrity review: reinforcing public sector integrity, restoring trust for sustainable growth. Paris: OECD.