Sample Paper on Symptoms of Depression & Survival Experience

Symptoms of Depression and Survival Experience among Three Samples of Smokers Trying to Quit

Many individuals in the United States and the world suffer from depressed issue that relate to smoking behavior. Researchers have equated these signs of depression to the attempt to quite smocking. This paper is a research article critique of the study carried out on the relationship between depression and survival experience among people trying to quit smoking.

The researcher stated the title of the study clearly. The title represented the problem of the research study. Despite the clarity of the title, the need to examine the relationship between trying to quit and depression was not clear. The title accurately represents the work that the researchers intended to present in their results and findings. The accuracy of the research study relies on the qualification of the researchers to deal with such issues. The people involved in the study are professionals who teach behavioral and preventive medicine. They had the necessary qualifications and experience required to conduct such type of study since they knew the procedures to follow, the questions to ask, and the models to use in collecting reliable results.

The study used three samples; the first two test groups comprised two sets of smokers who had been under pharmacological examination. They used medicine, such as placebo skin wraps as a means of helping them quit smoking. The third group of people who took the study were those who only relied on self-help procedures to quite smocking. The researchers ensured inclusivity by involving people of all ages. The main aim of the study was to measure the symptoms of depression on all smokers using either of the two methods to quit smoking.

The researchers used the profile of mood state to check if any of the participants had experienced changes in their moods that caused depression in the first two samples of people going through treatments. They further used Fargerson question tests that all the participants in the first two groups took to find out their levels of depression immediately after they quit smoking until they took the first tobacco at the relapse stge. The researcher rated the questions from 1 to 5. Those who marked five noted that they did not have depression. Anybody who had higher value of 4 or 5 showed high levels of depression. For the control group, the researchers used the Hamilton depression scale to find out if they had experienced previous occasions of depression. They also administered SCID model to calculate the levels of depression among these people. In this case, the scale rated from 1 to 5 with higher number showing high rates of the depression in this sample as well.

The results of the study showed that there were no significant differences in the levels of depressions in the two samples. The study reported that every person in the experimental and the control sample had the same levels and rates depression. The problems noted from the study is that they researchers did not  ascertain whether the depression came from smocking or other life factors that could lead to the same problem. The researchers also found out that many people easily went through a relapse after they tried to quit smoking. The relapse took place within one week after the initial attempt to permanently stop using tobacco.

It is easy for people to undergo depression and then relapse because they had an uncontrollable urge to smoke again after trying to quit. The relapse was the main reason why many people felt depressed. It occurred as a result of feeling defeated or a sign of failure of quitting to smoke. It was quite evident through the study that even clinical use of process such as the placebo could not help reduce the rates at which smokers felt depressed after trying to stop the vive. On the other hand, those who used self-help methods to quit smoking were more likely to experience depression compared to those who used clinical method. The study filed to point that the reason for this finding was that clinical methods entailed people working in groups as opposed to people working alone. Group members encouraged each other but working individually was more tiring and seemed impossible.

The study chose a large sample to work with hence indicting that the findings were reliable and experienced by many real people. Smoking is a vice that many individuals around the world have to deal in order to live healthy live. They need to quit smoking for their lives to improve. It is important for people who want to quit smoking to be disciplined in their attempt so that they do not relapse. It can lead to major depression cases and even excessive consumption of tobacco than they did before they planned to stop. Studies should not only look at depression from a smoking point of view but also study it from a wider perspective in order to understand whether smocking can cause severe depression.

The researchers looked at the causes of depression in smokers after they quit smoking using a large sample in both focus and control group. Using adequately large samples meant that the gathered results would be reliable and could be used for future references. In order to make such results even more effective, they should have carried out research about depression in smokers in more than one locality.

Age is an important factor to consider when researching about smoking. The researchers should have come up with a study that compared the number of young smokers to that of adult smokers as they did with the comparison in gender-based smokers.