Sample Paper on The American Occupational Therapy Association

Introduction to Occupational Therapy

AOTA stands for The American Occupational Therapy Association. Its main aim is to represent concerns and interests of both the occupational therapy students and practitioners to enable them on their occupational therapy services (O’Brien &Hussey, 2011). It defines occupational therapy as a job that employs the use of restorative activities to enable people to be involved in worthwhile activities.

From chapter one, occupation is the daily activities those individuals are involved in daily and are meaningful to them (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011). The chapter also talks about the different levels of occupational therapy practitioners: occupational therapist and the occupational therapy assistant levels. The chapter enables one to know exactly the roles of occupational therapy practitioners. The main role of these therapists involves helping individuals to improve on their abilities to participate in the daily activities like eating, working, bathing, participating in social events among others. The occupational therapy practitioners do this by interacting with the clients, recording their behaviors, and then taking the necessary steps to help them (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011).

One also learns that occupational therapy practitioners do not literary help one find a job. They help people to identify their hobbies and attributes and suggest occupations that they would enjoy doing. The individual would then take the necessary steps to find jobs that are in line with their attributes (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011).

Occupational therapy practitioner is not required to have specific personality or interest, but must possess the desire to help people deal with various situations (O’Brien &Hussey, 2011). The practitioners value diversity and are motivated by the people’s ability to change for the better.

Also learnt from this chapter is the main objective of OT curricular: promotion of engagement and professionalism in occupation by an all-aspects approach (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011). It placed strong emphasis on science and focuses on the humankind development from birth to death.

Chapter 1 talks of the areas that OT educational program covers. The student was able to understand that it encompasses broad scientific areas that include also sociology, medicine, anthropology, behavioral and biological sciences. OT students gain the knowledge of normal development of humankind and the pathological conditions that would affect this development and its functions (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011).

OT practitioners help a very broad range of clients to engage in various occupations. The patients have different problems ranging from immunology, social, emotional disorders, genetics, cardiac dysfunctions, neurology among others (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011). They also serve clients of all ages and survivors of accidents, those who have gone through stress, disease, genetics and birth defects who may have developed impairments and have developed impairments in their physical, psychosocial, psychological and even cognitive development.

Form the chapter, it was learnt that OT practitioners work with hospitals, schools, homes, prisons and even community settings. These professionals use activities to help individuals in improving their abilities. The activities are grouped as preparatory activities, contrived activities and occupation-centered activities (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011).

The photographic essays show a number of areas that occupational therapy practitioners can work. No firsthand experience yet, but all areas are of interest. The area that is more likely to be explored would be the area of pediatrics. Specializing in pediatrics would enable one to work with children especially the disabled to help them learn how to do activities by themselves and relate with other children at school. When helping a child, you are helping the whole family since the problem affects every member of the family (O’Brien & Hussey, 2011). To be in a position to help children is one fulfilling job that anyone who loves children and loves helping people would wish to



O’Brien, J. C & Hussey, S.M (2011). Introduction to Occupational Therapy. Maryland Heights. USA. Elsevier/Mosby