Sample Political Science Essay on Accountability and World Politics

Assignment 3

Accountability and World Politics

Accountability is a broad term referring to how government decisions and policies align with strategic objectives. The decisions made by a government are subjected to oversight to ensure that they directly map to the needs of the people. Such accountability is important because it directly contributes to good governance and poverty mitigation. Accountability is seen by global governance experts as the foundation of peace and prosperity (Fox, 2015). Additionally, it is a complex concept and exists where a person and an institution exist, and there has to be an independent body to perform the oversight role. Accountability involves two major functions, that is, answerability and enforcement. Thus, a government needs to answer for the actions and decisions that it makes that affect the welfare of its people. Consequently, the independent or oversight body needs to possess powers to sanction individuals responsible for decision-making. The United Nations (UN) is an example of a supranational organization that offers strategies to strengthen accountability in global politics.

Accountability enhances political, social, and economic development by establishing robust and transparent democratic institutions. The United Nations grants legitimacy to global efforts to strengthen world politics through its organs like the general and parliamentary assemblies.  The global efforts spearheaded by the United Nations include initiatives to maintain peace and enhance security. Besides, the supranational body fosters sustainable development and acts as a watchdog to stem the violation of human rights. The organization also promotes accountability through myriad resolutions often adopted by member states. For example, the UN has promoted the establishment of peace in many countries across the world by strengthening the roles of mediation and settlement of disputes. Indisputably, the assembly supports robust measures to strengthen accountability in world politics.

The young population, which usually forms a high percentage of the human population in countries around the world, is a significant factor in social, economic, and political development. The group needs to be actively involved in democratic activities to strengthen accountability in world politics. Unfortunately, the young generation has not been actively involved in major democratic activities and decision-making. While the population of young people in different states continues to grow, it is argued that they are less involved in democratic decision-making (Knight & Keating, 2010). Moreover, they are disfranchised and are less involved in activities such as voting and political party leadership. Part of the reason for the youth developing apathy for democratic activities is a lack of trust in the ability of their government to guarantee accountability. As a result, democratic structures have been weakened. According to the UN general assembly, accountability in world politics can be strengthened when the youth are actively involved in democratic activities. If the mentioned group votes, it can elect the leaders it thinks will represent it as it desires. That way, they can achieve their goals in life.

Proper management of public funds through the promotion of good practices and budget transparency is another way to strengthen accountability. Across states, the parliaments are charged with supervising government initiates. Thus, these oversight authorities are in a position to accept or reject government budgets depending on the level of accountability guaranteed. Thus, it is imperative for parliament to monitor expenditures and evaluate the impacts of government policies, and initiatives to the people to promote accountability. Nevertheless, Bovens (2006) reveals that governments tend to provide insufficient information to parliament and the general population. Without accountability transparency, it is difficult to monitor progress towards the achievement of seamless world politics. The UN general assembly supports the establishment of vibrant public account committees in parliament to oversee government spending and, in turn, strengthen accountability.

Accountability is supported when there is a strong link between political institutions and civil societies. The links create a more democratic practice and political accountability. Cavill & Sohail (2004) assert that bungled elections witnessed in different countries across the world are the main reason there is a global accountability failure. Active involvement of civil societies in political processes can allow the representation of diverse interests and opinions and transparency, leading to greater equality and social justice. Moreover, the process of establishing a relationship between civil bodies and political institutions supports consensus-building (Borowiak, 2011). As a result, it can lead to good governance and strengthened oversight roles. UN general assembly advocates for the establishment of civil societies and their protection in member states.

Accountability is integral in promoting good governance and strengthening global politics. It is achieved through the evaluation of effectiveness demonstrated by public officials and government agencies. Thus, accountability ensures that public servants operate at full potential and provide value for money channeled to projects. Thus, instilling confidence in government structures promotes service provision to the people. Additionally, political accountability is integral in achieving world peace and prosperity across nations. As such, political accountability is a key ingredient for fostering trust between political players and people. To promote accountability, both locally and globally, there is a need for an integrated and inclusive approach that accommodates different views and opinions. The robust measures include active involvement of the youth in democratic processes, proper management of public funds, and establishment of a strong link between government institutions and civil society groups.

References

Borowiak, C. (2011). Accountability and democracy: The pitfalls and promise of popular

control. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bovens, M. (2006). Analyzing and assessing public accountability: A conceptual framework.

European Governance Papers No. C-06-01.

Cavill, S. & Sohail, M. (2004). Strengthening accountability for urban services. Environment and

            Urbanization: 16(1).

Fox, J. (2015).Social accountability: What does the evidence really say? World Development,

72, pp. 346-361. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X1500070.

Knight, W. & Keating, T. (2010). Global politics; emerging networks, trends, and challenges.

Toronto: Oxford University Press